Front Cover
 Title Page
 The child and the Bible
 An address to children
 Table of Contents
 God made the world
 The great flood; and a great...
 Abraham: The man of faith
 Jacob and Esau
 Jacob and Rachel
 Joseph and his brethren
 Through the Red Sea and the...
 How Joshua and Jephthah fought...
 Samson: The strong man
 Samuel, the child of God
 Samuel, the man of God
 David and Saul
 Solomon, the wise man
 Jonah, the man who tried to hide...
 The good queen Esther
 The New Testament
 The story of Jesus, told in...
 Back Cover

Group Title: Young folks' Bible in words of easy reading : the sweet stories of Gods word in the language of childhood...
Title: Young folks' Bible in words of easy reading
Full Citation
Permanent Link: http://ufdc.ufl.edu/UF00078666/00001
 Material Information
Title: Young folks' Bible in words of easy reading the sweet stories of Gods word in the language of childhood...
Physical Description: 493 p. : ill. (some col.) ; 24 cm.
Language: English
Creator: Pollard, Josephine, 1834-1892
Swing, David, 1830-1894 ( Author )
Barrows, John Henry, 1847-1902 ( Author )
Werner Company ( Publisher )
Publisher: Werner Company
Place of Publication: Chicago ;
New York
Publication Date: c1890
Subject: Bible stories -- Juvenile literature   ( lcsh )
Christian life -- Juvenile literature   ( lcsh )
Bldn -- 1890
Genre: non-fiction   ( marcgt )
Spatial Coverage: United States -- Illinois -- Chicago
United States -- New York -- New York
Statement of Responsibility: by Josephine Pollard ; with an introduction by W.H. Milburn ; to which is added The child and the Bible by David Swing ; and an address to children: The Bible the book for the young by John H. Barrows ; nearly 200 striking original engravings and world-famous master-pieces of sacred art, and with magnificent colored plates.
General Note: Frontispiece printed in colors; some illustrations in coloured ink; title page printed in red and black ink.
 Record Information
Bibliographic ID: UF00078666
Volume ID: VID00001
Source Institution: University of Florida
Rights Management: All rights reserved by the source institution and holding location.
Resource Identifier: aleph - 002469976
notis - AMH5487
oclc - 07437632

Table of Contents
    Front Cover
        Page 1
        Page 2
        Page 3
        Page 4
    Title Page
        Page 5
        Page 6
        Page 7
        Page 8
        Page 9
        Page 10
        Page 11
        Page 12
        Page 13
        Page 14
    The child and the Bible
        Page 15
        Page 16
        Page 17
        Page 18
    An address to children
        Page 19
        Page 20
        Page 21
        Page 22
        Page 23
        Page 24
        Page 25
        Page 26
        Page 27
        Page 28
    Table of Contents
        Page 29
        Page 30
        Page 31
        Page 32
    God made the world
        Page 33
        Page 34
        Page 35
        Page 36
        Page 37
        Page 38
        Page 39
        Page 40
        Page 41
        Page 42
    The great flood; and a great tower
        Page 43
        Page 44
        Page 45
        Page 46
        Page 47
        Page 48
        Page 49
        Page 50
        Page 51
    Abraham: The man of faith
        Page 52
        Page 53
        Page 54
        Page 55
        Page 56
        Page 57
        Page 58
        Page 59
        Page 60
        Page 61
        Page 62
        Page 63
    Jacob and Esau
        Page 64
        Page 65
        Page 66
        Page 67
        Page 68
        Page 69
        Page 70
    Jacob and Rachel
        Page 71
        Page 72
        Page 73
        Page 74
        Page 75
    Joseph and his brethren
        Page 76
        Page 77
        Page 78
        Page 79
        Page 80
        Page 81
        Page 82
        Page 83
        Page 84
        Page 85
        Page 86
        Page 87
        Page 88
        Page 89
        Page 90
    Through the Red Sea and the wilderness
        Page 91
        Page 92
        Page 93
        Page 94
        Page 95
        Page 96
        Page 97
        Page 98
        Page 99
        Page 100
        Page 101
        Page 102
        Page 103
        Page 104
        Page 105
        Page 106
        Page 107
        Page 108
        Page 109
        Page 110
        Page 111
    How Joshua and Jephthah fought for the Lord
        Page 112
        Page 113
        Page 114
        Page 115
        Page 116
        Page 117
    Samson: The strong man
        Page 118
        Page 119
        Page 120
        Page 121
        Page 122
        Page 123
        Page 124
        Page 125
        Page 126
        Page 127
        Page 128
        Page 129
        Page 130
        Page 131
        Page 132
        Page 133
        Page 134
        Page 135
        Page 136
        Page 137
        Page 138
    Samuel, the child of God
        Page 139
        Page 140
        Page 141
        Page 142
        Page 143
        Page 144
        Page 145
        Page 146
    Samuel, the man of God
        Page 147
        Page 148
        Page 149
        Page 150
        Page 151
        Page 152
        Page 153
        Page 154
        Page 155
        Page 156
    David and Saul
        Page 157
        Page 158
        Page 159
        Page 160
        Page 161
        Page 162
        Page 163
        Page 164
        Page 165
        Page 166
        Page 167
        Page 168
        Page 169
        Page 170
        Page 171
        Page 172
        Page 173
        Page 174
        Page 175
        Page 176
    Solomon, the wise man
        Page 177
        Page 178
        Page 179
        Page 180
        Page 181
        Page 182
        Page 183
        Page 184
        Page 185
        Page 186
        Page 187
        Page 188
        Page 189
        Page 190
        Page 191
        Page 192
        Page 193
        Page 194
        Page 195
        Page 196
        Page 197
        Page 198
        Page 199
    Jonah, the man who tried to hide from God
        Page 200
        Page 201
        Page 202
        Page 203
        Page 204
        Page 205
        Page 206
        Page 207
        Page 208
        Page 209
        Page 210
        Page 211
        Page 212
        Page 213
        Page 214
        Page 215
        Page 216
    The good queen Esther
        Page 217
        Page 218
        Page 219
        Page 220
        Page 221
        Page 222
        Page 223
        Page 224
        Page 225
        Page 226
        Page 227
        Page 228
        Page 229
        Page 230
    The New Testament
        Page 231
        Page 232
        Page 233
        Page 234
        The birth of Christ
            Page 235
            Page 236
            Page 237
            Page 238
            Page 239
            Page 240
            Page 241
            Page 242
            Page 243
        The star in the East
            Page 244
            Page 245
            Page 246
            Page 247
            Page 248
            Page 249
            Page 250
        The boyhood of Jesus
            Page 251
            Page 252
            Page 253
            Page 254
            Page 255
        Jesus and John the baptist
            Page 256
            Page 257
            Page 258
            Page 259
            Page 260
            Page 261
            Page 262
            Page 263
            Page 264
            Page 265
            Page 266
        The woman at the well - Jesus by the sea
            Page 267
            Page 268
            Page 269
            Page 270
            Page 271
            Page 272
            Page 273
            Page 274
            Page 275
        Jesus heals the sick, and does good works on the day of rest
            Page 276
            Page 277
            Page 278
            Page 279
            Page 280
            Page 281
            Page 282
            Page 283
            Page 284
            Page 285
        The sermon on the mount
            Page 286
            Page 287
            Page 288
            Page 289
            Page 290
            Page 291
            Page 292
            Page 293
            Page 294
        Good words and good works
            Page 295
            Page 296
            Page 297
            Page 298
            Page 299
            Page 300
            Page 301
            Page 302
        Jesus at the sea-shore
            Page 303
            Page 304
            Page 305
            Page 306
            Page 307
            Page 308
            Page 309
            Page 310
        Jesus brings the dead to life - Feeds five thousand
            Page 311
            Page 312
            Page 313
            Page 314
            Page 315
            Page 316
            Page 317
            Page 318
            Page 319
        Jesus heals the sick - His form changed on the mount
            Page 320
            Page 321
            Page 322
            Page 323
            Page 324
            Page 325
            Page 326
        The good Samaritan - Martha and Mary - The man born blind
            Page 327
            Page 328
            Page 329
            Page 330
            Page 331
            Page 332
            Page 333
            Page 334
            Page 335
            Page 336
        Jesus, the good shepherd - Lazarus brought to life - The feast, and those who were bid to it
            Page 337
            Page 338
            Page 339
            Page 340
            Page 341
            Page 342
            Page 343
            Page 344
            Page 345
        The prodigal son - The Pharisee and the publican - Babes brought to Jesus - Zaccheus climbs a tree
            Page 346
            Page 347
            Page 348
            Page 349
            Page 350
            Page 351
            Page 352
        The feast of the passover - The supper at Bethany
            Page 353
            Page 354
            Page 355
            Page 356
            Page 357
            Page 358
            Page 359
            Page 360
            Page 361
            Page 362
            Page 363
            Page 364
            Page 365
            Page 366
            Page 367
            Page 368
            Page 369
            Page 370
            Page 371
            Page 372
            Page 373
            Page 374
        The Lord's supper - Jesus in Gethsemane - The Judas kiss - Peter denies Jesus
            Page 375
            Page 376
            Page 377
            Page 378
            Page 379
            Page 380
            Page 381
        Christ before Pilate - On the cross
            Page 382
            Page 383
            Page 384
            Page 385
            Page 386
            Page 387
            Page 388
            Page 389
            Page 390
            Page 391
            Page 392
            Page 393
            Page 394
        Jesus leaves the grave - Appears to Mary - Stephen stoned - Paul's life, and death
            Page 395
            Page 396
            Page 397
            Page 398
            Page 399
            Page 400
            Page 401
            Page 402
            Page 403
            Page 404
            Page 405
            Page 406
            Page 407
            Page 408
            Page 409
            Page 410
            Page 411
        What John saw while on the Isle of Patmos - The great white throne - The land of light
            Page 412
            Page 413
            Page 414
            Page 415
            Page 416
    The story of Jesus, told in pictures
        Page 417
        Page 418
        Page 419
        Page 420
        Page 421
        Page 422
        Page 423
        Page 424
        Page 425
        Page 426
        Page 427
        Page 428
        Page 429
        Page 430
        Page 431
        Page 432
        Page 433
        Page 434
        Page 435
        Page 436
        Page 437
        Page 438
        Page 439
        Page 440
        Page 441
        Page 442
        Page 443
        Page 444
        Page 445
        Page 446
        Page 447
        Page 448
        Page 449
        Page 450
        Page 451
        Page 452
        Page 453
        Page 454
        Page 455
        Page 456
        Page 457
        Page 458
        Page 459
        Page 460
        Page 461
        Page 462
        Page 463
        Page 464
        Page 465
        Page 466
        Page 467
        Page 468
        Page 469
        Page 470
        Page 471
        Page 472
        Page 473
        Page 474
        Page 475
        Page 476
        Page 477
        Page 478
        Page 479
        Page 480
        Page 481
        Page 482
        Page 483
        Page 484
        Page 485
        Page 486
        Page 487
        Page 488
        Page 489
        Page 490
        Page 491
        Page 492
        Page 493
    Back Cover
        Back Cover 1
        Back Cover 2
Full Text






r ~






In the Beautiful Delineations of Christian Art.
Author of 'History of the Old Testament," "History of the New Testament," etc., eic.




The Werner Comparq2.



The word Bible is from the Greek, and means
THE BOOK. It is made up of several small books,
and when bound in two parts is known as the Old
Testament and the New Testament. A Testament
is a will; and the Bible is God's will made for man's
good, and for his guide through life. The Old Testa-
ment tells of God's love and care for the Jews, and
His thought of Christ can be traced through all its
pages. There is a good deal in the Bible that a child
cannot understand, and the queer names make it
very hard reading.
It has been the Author's aim to tell the story
simply, and in Bible language, so that the little ones
can read it themselves, and learn to love and prize
it as the best of all books.
J. P.



N O man of his time filled a larger space in the public eye of this
country than John Randolph of Roanoke. His eccentricities,
audacity and brilliancy,-his pride of birth and race, fearlessness
and self-assertion,-his incisive and trenchant speeches set off with spark-
ling wit, keen satire, fierce invective, clothed in perfect English, and
uttered with the style of a master, his sharp criticisms of the faults and
short-comings of his fellow-Congressmen, which gained for him the title,
"schoolmaster of Congress," together with his political consistency and
fitfulness of temper, invested all his movements and sayings with a
peculiar charm for the people. In his earliest years he had been carefully
taught by his beautiful mother, the Creed, the Lord's Prayer, the Ten
Commandments, and many parts of God's Word, until he had them by
heart, and yet, in his haughty youth and early manhood he strove to set
at naught these teachings: furnished himself with a "whole body of in-
fidelity," as he styled his collection of the writings of Voltaire and other
French authors, as well as British, who strove to abolish the Bible, and
for many years it seemed at once his pride and delight to wield the weap-
ons drawn from these arsenals against the truths which make men wise
unto Eternal Life, and to jeer with flout and scoff at all he had learned
from his mother's lips. But later on he confessed, with heart-breaking
sobs and bitter tears, that with all his arrogance and insolence, his stern
resolve to become and continue a Deist, he had never been able to put
aside for a single day or night the lessons taught him by his mother, and
that the hallowed forms of sound words, learned on her lap or at her
knee, had dwelt with him, and were ever sounding in his ears, to ad-
monish, counsel and reprove. There have been few more pathetic scenes
than that in which Randolph came to die; a gaunt old man, old before

his time; worn out by misery, shrivelled and haggard, sitting upright in
his bed, covered by a blanket, even his head enveloped and his hat on top
of it; unutterable despair looking out at his eyes, his pinched lips and
squeaking voice uttering, "Let me see it; get a dictionary; find me the
word Remorse." A dictionary could not be found. "Write it; I must
see it," he almost shrieked with failing voice. The word was written on
his visiting card below his name; he demanded that it should be written
above as well. The card was handed to him. "Remorse, John Ran-
dolph of Roanoke, Remorse."' With horror in his face and that card in
his hand, his eyes staring at the word, he breathed his last. From that
mournful death-bed seemed to come floating the solemn words, "Take
fast hold of instruction; keep her; let her not go, for she is thy life,"
and "He that sinneth against wisdom wrongeth his own soul."
Long centuries ago, a young man of aristocratic birth, handsome
person, polished manners, brilliant and highly cultivated intellect, was
walking, on a day in the reign of the Emperor Julian, by the bank
of the river Orontes, not far from the stately city of Antioch, the
Paris of that age,-and saw something floating in the stream. The
branch of a tree enabled him to drag it ashore; it proved to be a copy of
the sacred Scriptures; Julian, the mad master of the world, had issued
an edict, annexed to which were heavy penalties, that all copies of that
book should be destroyed. The young man who drew the manuscript to
shore had been taught the lessons of that volume from a child, by his
pious mother, Anthusa; but he had thrown off the yoke of his mother'.s
faith; had become a devotee of heathen philosophy, poetry and rhetoric,
and at the same time steeped himself in the licentious pleasures and dis-
sipations of the Grove of Daphne, the Hippodrome and Theatre, and re-
solved that "the man Christ Jesus should not reign over him." He
opened the parchment, some words on the page caught his eye; they
were familiar, yet shone with a new light and were armed with irresistible
power: he read on; his mother's prayers were answered; he embraced
the truth, bowed his neck to the yoke he had foresworn, and the vol-
ume he rescued from the flood became a treasure-trove for the world,-

through fifteen centuries alike in the east and west,-that man has been
known as St. John Chrysostom, the "Mouth of Gold," one of the most
saintly and eloquent preachers, whose life, genius, sufferings and death for
conscience's sake adorned the history of mankind.
Not far from the same time, a young man bathed in tears lay writh-
ing in agony under a fig tree in the garden of his house at Milan. His
devout mother, Monica, in their Numidian home, had taught him the
way of life written in God's Word; but as he grew to manhood he strove
to shake off the influence and authority of her instruction; became a lib-
ertine, reached forth to grasp the crown of heathen eloquence and learn-
ing, and for more than ten years wrought steadily to undo the sacred
work his mother had performed for him as a child. But the lesson she
had taught him lay deeper than his surging passions, imperious intellect,
and haughty will, and because of their power over him he could find no
rest night or day. He journeyed to Carthage, Rome, Milan; the chief
cities of the western world, to study art and eloquence, to drench his soul
with the pleasures of sense and lay the ghost of his disquiet; but in vain.
In his anguish under the fig tree he heard, or seemed to hear, again and
again, "Take it up and read, Take it up and read." Springing to his
feet, he ran to a friend near by who was reading the Word. Seizing the
volume, his eyes rested on the words, "Let us walk honestly as in the
day; not in rioting and drunkenness, not in chambering and wanton-
ness, not in strife and envying. But put ye on the Lord Jesus Christ and
make not provisions for the flesh, to fulfill the lusts thereof." The birth-
pangs of his conversion were ended; he found peace in believing; and
that incident makes an era in the history of the world, for that man
was none other than Saint Augustine, the influence of whose writings has
swayed with more might than that of an imperial sceptre the destinies of
western Christendom for ages. "Therefore, whosoever heareth these say-
ings of mine and doeth them," saith the Lord, "I will liken him unto a
wise man which built his house upon a rock; and the rain descended,
and the floods came, and the winds blew and beat upon that house; and
it fell not, for it was founded upon a rock. And every one that heareth

these sayings of mine, and doeth them not, shall be likened unto a fool-
ish man which built his house upon the sand ; and the rains descended,
and the floods came, and the winds blew and beat upon that house and
it fell, and great was the fall of it." Woe to Randolph he heard and
would not, and his house fell, and great was the fall of it. Mankind with
one voice calls Augustine and Chrysostom blessed; they heard, obeyed,
and their houses stand forever; they were built upon the rock. "Their
Rock is not as our Rock, our enemies themselves being judges" was the
boast of Israel at an early day. With how much fuller emphasis may
Christendom utter it to-day. Compare India with Britain, China with
the United States, and after all other forces are measured and allowed,
it will be found that the significant and self-renewing causes for the su-
periority of the western nations over the eastern are the presence, author-
ity and influence of the Old and.New Testament. "And he shewed me
a pure river of water of life clear as crystal proceeding out of the throne
of God and of the Lamb. In the midst of the street of it, and on either
side of the river, was there the tree of life, which bare twelve manner of
fruits and yielded her fruit every month; and the leaves of the tree were
for the healing of the nations."
IL1 this beautiful book, Miss Pollard, with admirable tact and skill,
has made a path by which the children may draw near to that river and
drink of the water of life; and the artists whose genius has been laid un-
der such effective contribution by the liberality of the publisher, will help
the little ones to gather the leaves and pluck the fruit of that tree.
Every home in the land blessed by the presence of boys and girls will
be illumined and enriched by this volume; every mother who strives to
train her children "in the nurture and admonition of the Lord" will be
signally helped by its ministry.
The letter-press will quicken the understanding and attune the ear, and
the treasures of art contained in these pages will arouse the imagination
and stimulate the memory of the young to lay hold upon and receive all
that is contained in "the one Book-" "Oldest Choral melody as of the
heart of mankind; soft and great as the summer midnight, as the world
with the seas and stars."

No man's education can be complete, no human life can have its
full store of flowers and fruits, which is not begun, continued and ended
in the ever deepening study and love of the articulate word of God.
I cannot better close this introduction than with this remarkable pas-
sage, modified to suit my purpose. "Who will say that the uncommon
beauty and marvelous English of the household Bible is not the strong-
hold and safeguard of the literary taste and culture of this country as well
as its character. It lives like a music that can never be forgotten, like the
sound of church bells which the reader hardly knows how he can forego.
Its felicities often seem to be almost things rather than mere words. It
is part of the national mind, and the anchor of national seriousness. The
memory of the dead passes into it. The potent traditions of childhood
are stereotyped into its phrases. The power of all the man's griefs and
trials are hidden beneath its words. It is the representative of his best
moments; and all that there has been about him of soft and gentle and
pure and penitent and good, speaks to him forever out of his English
Bible. It is his sacred thing, which doubt has never dimmed and contro-
versy never soiled. It has been to him all along as the silent, yet oh,
how intelligible! voice of his guardian angel, and in the length and
breadth of the land there is not a Christian, with one spark of religious-
ness about him, whose spiritual Biography is not in his Saxon Bible."
WASHINGTON, April, 1889.



THAT reading and study are very imperfect which do not bring to
all our young people a knowledge of the general contents of the
Bible. The Old and New Testaments contain the best moral and
religious thought and belief of two important epochs in man's history
-the Hebrew and Christian periods. It contains the history, the wis-
dom, the morality, the piety and the hope of that part of the human
race that made religion the chief aim of the nation and the individual.
The Hebrew people was set apart for the special task of carrying for-
ward the idea of God. That race gradually separated the real Creator
from the many false divinities of the barbarian tribes and slowly built up
that conception of Deity which is seen set forth in the Book of Job and
in the twenty-third and nineteenth Psalms. The Book of Job and the
Psalms of David are the grand autumnal fruitage of that vineyard of
worship in which Enoch and Abraham were toilers in the early spring-
time of our world.
No such advance toward the true God would have taken place had
the Mosaic race moved out of Egypt only to found a State which might
build elsewhere duplicates of the pyramids of the Nile, or a State which,
like Babylonia, might live only for luxury, or which, like Greece, might
live only for the fine arts, or which, like Rome, might find a reason of
being in wars of conquest. Divinely led, the Hebrew people migrated
from Egypt that beyond the Red Sea and the Jordan they might found
a republic or empire for the study and founding of the true religion.
Israel stands as the wonder of the past, the only nation in all history
that elected God for its king and went up into a high mountain so as to

deduce its laws from the thunder and storm and from the sunlight and
peace of His presence. With what success it achieved its task may be
learned from reading the meditations in Job and the Psalms, and from
the lofty rhapsodies of Isaiah and Malachi. When to the sacred records
of that long day and night of toil and progress are added the coming of
the divine Christ and the moral phenomena of t'ie first Christian centu-
ry, a book is composed at which to scoff is a proof of a weak or a wicked
mind, and in which to read often and thoughtfully is evidence of a will-
ingness to seek after the living God and to find the best answers to the
many problems of life and death.
Much that is valuable in these two testaments is recorded in events
or inparables, and for all young minds and for nearly all older intellects,
the doctrines, the alarms, the benedictions, the promises, the hopes are
treasured up in incidents which might be thrown upon canvas or carved
out of marble. Faith is seen in the picture of Abraham; patriotism,
courage, honor, piety in Moses; justice in the story of Lot's wife ; eter-
nal friendship in Ruth; reckless ambition in Absalom; resignation in
Job; faithfulness in Daniel; while in the New Testament the pictures
offered in the Christ, the Marys, the Johns and St. Paul have been too
many and too great for art to equal.
These incidents and persons of the Bible form in the mind of the
one who knows them a perfect treasure-house filled with the gems of
true religion. When that gifted writer who composed the hymn Nearer
my God to Thee" sat down to her task, what an imperfection would
have marked her poem had she not known of Jacob's stony pillow and
beautiful dream!
Though like a wanderer,
The sun gone down,
Darkness be over me,
My rest a stone.
And the two following stanzas would have been wanting; nor is it
probable that the writer, although a woman most gifted, could have found
in all literature any compensation for her loss and our loss. In the
" Battle-Hymn of the Republic," the eloquent writer shows in her first

line her memory of Simeon, and through his eyes she looked and said :
" Mine eyes have seen the glory of the coming of the Lord," and in the
last vaise, back comes one of the most beautiful incidents in the New
Testament: In the beauty of the lilies, Christ was born across the sea."
Thus have thousands of years, in all, acted as the great time space
for attaching the Hebrew and Christian mind and heart to the persons
and incidents found in the Holy Scriptures. Not to know all these
Heaven-sent emblems of virtue, wisdom, piety and salvation is not only
not to be a Christian, but it is to stand afar off from the honor of even
a common education and the most needful culture.
For the youth of our country Josephine Pollard, a wonderful friend
of all those who are living their early years, and as good a writer as she
is a friend, has detached from the Bible this volume of historic incidents,
and while they make a continuous record of the old and the new dispen-
sations, they are separated from that which is too abstract to detain and
impress the youngest readers. To these interesting events she has made
the engraver add his art, and the picture of the pencil comes to help the
picture more hidden in the words. While Christ is speaking of the
"lost sheep" the picture reveals the lonely mountains and the lamb
missed from the flock. While the great Teacher is speaking of the fool
ish virgins, the picture appears of the thoughtless ones attempting in
vain to find oil for their lamps. Thus the pictures of history combine
with the suggestive sketches of the artist and engraver, to make, indeed,
a Bible for Young People. The authoress came to her task with rare
fitness, and while the young folks are reading her volume they will find
not only the religious truths they all need, but they will also find the
simplicity and power of their own English language.




OD once said: And thou shalt teach them diligently to thy chil-
dren." The whole Bible, Old Testament and New, was meant
to be taught to the boys and girls all over the world. When I
was in Egypt, fifteen years ago, I lay one beautiful moonlight night on
the white sand of an island in the river Nile. It was an island away up
near the equator, and as I lay there I saw beautiful trees with their long,
leafy branches above me; I saw green fields reaching out on either side;
I heard the old. river Nile rippling over the stones in its bed; and I
thought of the rich fields of cotton and wheat and sugar-cane and of the
thousands of palm trees which I had seen along the river, and of all the
people who had gotten their bread from the waters of the Nile, which,
covering the sand of the desert, make it fertile and fruitful, and I blessed
God for the Nile. Where does it come from? You have learned that
the Nile springs from the snows of very high mountains away up in
Abyssinia, and from two immense lakes in the center of Africa, and it
carries the waters from these mountains and lakes down through Egypt,
and turns a desert into a garden.
But there is another river more wonderful than the river of old
Egypt. It flows down from God out of heaven, and flows over this
world, and brings with it all that is beautiful and healthful and good.
The waters of this river are carried off in little canals, and are brought
into the homes and churches and Sunday-schools; and wherever they
go tend to make lives good and happy. Little children love this River

of God, and dip their cups into it and drink, and there is a voice speak-
ing in their ears and saying: Whosoever will, let him take of the water
of life freely." There are some people who have traveled round the
world and seen many very interesting lands and strange and curious
people-- white men, red men, black men, copper-colored men, yellow
men, but they will tell you that they never saw men where the children
were happy, where the homes were happy, and where people were try-
ing to do each other good, unless this River of God went there first.
This beautiful river that is doing so much for all who live on its banks,
-it is the Bible, the Word of God, which tells us about Himself and
about ourselves, which speaks to us of a Savior and. of the life after
Some years ago a black prince in Africa sent a messenger to Queen
Victoria, a man who was to ask her what was the reason that England
was so rich and prosperous; and she sent back to this African savage
something that told the whole story. What do you suppose it was ?
Not a rifle, not a sword, not a steam-engine, not a plow, not a sewing-
machine, but a copy of the Bible. Let me tell you five things about
this book, and if you know how to spell the word Bible you will find
them easy to remember- B-I-B-L-E.
First, then, the Bible is a beautiful book. I do not mean as to its
shape and color. It may be very lovely or it may be very plain, as it
looks to your eye. I have seen Bibles that you could buy for a sixpence,
and I have a New Testament that I bought for a penny. I have seen
Bibles which were copied with a pen and filled with pictures on which
men labored for years, and which you couldn't buy for a thousand dollars.
When I say that the Bible is a beautiful book, I mean that it is full of
beautiful thoughts and beautiful pictures and beautiful stories that speak
to our minds. God often talks with children through pictures. You love
things that speak to you through the eye, like flowers and birds, and
your dear mother's face. Just think of some of the pictures God has
given us in this Book.
I see, with my mind's eye, a garden, large, fair, with great trees and

beautiful walks, pure, clear streams with lovely flowers, with animals
playing about, with two trees that were set apart from the rest, one
called the Tree of Life and the other the Tree of the Knowledge of
Good and Evil. I see a man in this garden, and animals passing before
him and hear him giving them names. Now I see a city with twelve
gates, each gate a pearl. The city has walls made of twelve kinds of'
jewels, and the streets are of pure gold, and there is no temple in the
city and no sun, but it is very glorious and wonderful. I see a beautiful
River and a glorious Sea, and a great multitude of shining ones with
harps in their hands, and I see a throne and One that sits thereon, more
lovely and beautiful and mighty and glorious than any words can say.
The little three-year-old boy before he can read, loves to take his
picture book and see things that are to him very wonderful, and when he
gets a little older he loves to take a box of paints and a brush and color
the pictures in some of his books. The first book I ever colored was
full of Bible pictures. There was the picture of a man on the top of a
hill with his son laid on a heap of stones. The father's face was sad,
and the old man was lifting a knife in his hand; and there was a sheep
caught in a bush near by; and there was the figure of an angel in the
sky. Then there was the picture of a young man lying on the ground.
with stones under his head for a pillow, and a stairway or ladder reach-
ing up to the heavens above, with angels going up-and down. There
was the picture of a boy whose father gave him a coat of many colors,
and how I liked to daub on the red and yellow and blue paint, and I am
afraid I took a pin and punched out the eyes in the pictures of the
brothers of this boy- those brothers who, as you remember, cast him
into a dry well and afterward sold him as a slave. There was a picture
of a little boy lying in a little boat which was among the tall grasses of
a river. There was the picture of a great tent in the desert, with altars
on which fire was burning, and a great pillar of cloud resting down on
it in the midst of the tent. And then far over in the book was the pic-
ture of the best Man who ever lived, taking little children in His arms.
putting His hands on them and blessing them.

The Bible is a beautiful book for a great many reasons that I can't
,peak of now. Its beauty is not like that of an apple blossom, which
soon fades away. It grows more and more lovely as you grow older.
I like tc see a little child reading with happy face from this book which
tells of God's love ; but it is lovelier still to see the old grandmother.
who loved the Bible in childhood, putting on her spectacles and reading
these words of David: "Oh, how I love thy law It is my meditation
all the day. How sweet are thy words to my tate, yea, sweeter than
honey to my mouth !" Two of the most beautiful things that we ever
see are gold and honey gold, bright shining, and the honey which
looks like liquid gold, shut up in little boxes of pearl. Now I am going
to end what I have to say about the Bible as beautiful, by telling you
what David said of the words of the Lord that are found in this book :
More to be desired are they than gold, yea, than much fine gold;
sweeter also than honey and the honey comb."
But the Bible is not only a beautiful book for children, but it is an
interesting book.. You like to read it and hear it, partly because it tells
so much about children, boys and girls like you. You read in this book
about two brothers, one of whom loved God, and the other did not love
his brother, and slew him because his own deeds were evil and his
brother's righteous. You read about a little girl who was taken off in
a certain war, and became a servant for the wife of a great general.
He was a leper, and this little girl, believing in God and in God's prophet,
Elisha, told her mistress that the prophet in Israel could heal her master
of his awful disease. You read the story of a little boy whose mother
gave him early to the Lord, and who went to live with an old man in a
great tent, which was God's house, and who heard the voice of the Lord
calling to him in the night. Did you never hear God's voice speaking
to your heart, and do you always answer as did this boy in the taber-
nacle at Shiloh: "Speak, Lord, for thy servant heareth ?
And in this Book you have read of four boys in the court of the great
king of Babylon who would not defile themselves with the rich meats
and the fiery wines, and who formed a boys' temperance society in the

court of the king, and who rose to high honor and great fame. Above
all, you read of the perfect Child who was obedient to his earthly father
and mother, and who did the will of his Heavenly Father, and who grew
unto the bravest, noblest, truest, most manly man that ever lived, and who
died for us all that Man whose words are, I think, the first words of the
Bible that you learned by heart. I have heard of a little girl who lived
where the Bible is not permitted to be read by the children. But she had
a present of the good Book from her Sunday School teacher. It was
discovered that she had this book; it was snatched from her and thrown
into the fire. She watched it burn, while the tears rolled down her cheeks,
and turning sadly away, said: "Thank God, there are fourteen chapters
of the Gospel of John which they can't burn up, for I have committed
them to memory."
The Bible interests you because it is full of wonderful things. It tells
of a wonderful God who doeth marvelous things for His people. It tells
of the flood which swept away the wicked world; of the plagues which
fell on wicked Egypt; of the march of two millions of people through the
Red Sea which God divided; it tells you of the wonderful life of the chil-
dren of Israel in the desert, with God's hand feeding them with the birds
and the bread; it leads you to the foot of a great mountain, on which
God came down in a chariot of fire, while the thunders roared and the
trumpet blown by some mighty angel sounded loud and long, and the
mountain shook and smoked like a great furnace, and all the people trem-
bled while God gave the law which begins: I am the Lord that brought
thee out of Egypt. Thou shalt have no other gods before me."
This Bible has more wonderful things than you will find anywhere
else. It tells of great battles, of the sun and moon standing still, of cities
falling down at the. blowing of trumpets; of fire descending from heaven;
it tells of shipwrecks and storms, and cruel kings, and men willing to die
for the name of Jesus. It tells of God's wonderful love, and how the Son
of God came from heaven to earth and died Ic-r us on the Cross and rose
from the grave. And the best thing, children, about all these Bible won-
ders, is this, that they are true. A wonderful God doeth wonderful things.

This is a wonderful world we live in. You children know it and feel it,
and some older people have got to become much wiser than they now are
to be as wise as you are. Is not the Bible an interesting Book? My
children will listen longer to the story of the Bible than anything else.
And as you grow older, if you will only keep on studying the Bible, it-will
keep its interest till you die.
Children who live in cities love to ride, in summer, in the parks and
see the wonderful figures which the gardeners have made with their plants
and flowers, the stars and stripes, an elephant, the ball-player, a giraffe,
a sun-dial, a calendar, an obelisk, sphinxes, and so forth. Now, this book
is a great garden on which God has made figures that will last as long
as the world lasts. There is Adam, with his face dark and sorrowful be-
cause he had sinned; there is Abel, looking up to that heaven which he,
first of all men, entered; there is Noah, a preacher of righteousness, who
preached many years without converting a soul, but kept on believing
God; there is Abraham with a staff in his hand; there is Moses holding
the wondrous rod and the book of the law; there is David with his haro ;
there is Paul, going forth to preach Christ; there is John, looking into
heaven. The children who have the Bible taught them will find great
interest in these figures. But the greatest interest in the Bible is this,
that it is a sign-board pointing us to our Father's house in Heaven.
Now, I come to the third letter. The B-I-B-L-E is not only a
Beautiful book, and an Interesting book, but it is a Blessed book. That
is, it makes people happy and good, good and happy. A poor man comes
from England to Chicago with his wife and three children, expecting to
get work and to make him a lovely home. But he fails to get work and
he has to sell many things to get bread for his family. At last he is in
despair, but a good man comes to his house, learns of his need, gives him
bread and gets him work; and that night the Englishman says to his wife,
"Wasn't he a blessed man to help us at this time? But in a few days
the baby of the house is taken sick and soon dies, and the good man
comes again and advances money to pay for the funeral of the dear little
child; and they say, Blessed man again. But that night, when all is

over, and the baby is laid to sleep in the cemetery, the poor man takes
down the Bible and reads to his wife of Christ's love to children, and of
the beautiful world beyond, where there is no more crying and death, and
the wife says, "Oh, isn't that a blessed Book "
Blessed Book. So the mother thinks whose. boy has gone off to
school or to sea. How careful she was to put a copy of the Bible in his
hands and to get from him the promise to read it every day. She knows
perfectly well that no great harm can come to him, if he reads and obeys
what is written in the Word of God. I know a young lady who was very
much distressed when in Paris several years ago because her hand-bag, a
little portmanteau, had been lost. And when, after much hunting, it was
found, she confessed that what distressed her most of all in the thought
of losing her hand-bag was this, that it contained the little Bible which
had been given to her when a child and which she had made her daily
companion ever since. I hope that each of you owns a Bible which, the
gift of a mother or of some dear friend, is growing more and more blessed
to you as you go forward into your lives. There is much darkness in the
future. You will have sorrows as well as joys. The clouds will gather.
The shadows will sometimes descend and you will wonder where you are
to walk, or what you are to do. But remember what David has said of
this blessed Book: "Thy word is a lamp to my feet and a guide to my
Now, we come to the fourth letter, B-I-B-L-E. Beautiful, Interest-
ing, Blessed, L, Life-giving. This is something better than anything we
have yet said to you about the Bible. It gives life to those who are dead.
You have seen a patch of ground early in the spring on which nothing
was growing. But the rain falls, and the warm sunshine pours down, and
the seeds in that soil burst into life and spring up and cover the earth with
living plants and flowers. And so God's Word brings its dew and sunshine
on our cold, dead hearts, and the flowers of love, hope, peace and joy spring
up. The Bible is like bread, like the manna which came to the children of
Israel in the desert. It feeds our souls. It gives us life. How does it give
us life ? It teaches us about God and his great love in Jesus, and when we

come to get from Him the forgiveness of our sins, when we come to know
God and love God and trust in God, we have life. "This is life eternal,"
said Jesus, that they may know thee, the only true God, and Jesus Christ
whom thou hast sent." Some of you are giving money to send this Book
to the heathen people. Where this Book goes it gives life like bread sent
to people who are starving.
But why do we need the Bible to know about God ? Do not the
stars and the sun and the earth tell us that there must be a God who made
all these wonderful things and rules them ? Yes, they tell us that God
is powerful, that He is very great, but they do not tell us that he loves us
poor sinners. The Egyptians believed in God; yes, in many gods.
They were, as we know, a very wise and learned people. And yet this
people Moses found bowing down and worshiping cats and crocodiles and
beetles. They did not know the one God who led His people, and who
said, "Thou shalt have no other gods before me," and who is not only
holy, but merciful, forgiving our sins. Suppose that you were on an ocean
steamer way out at sea, and she was sinking into the waves. To what
or to whom would you pray? You wouldn't pray to the waves. They
would not have mercy on you. You wouldn't pray to the stars. They
wouldn't have mercy on you. You would pray to the God who is revealed
in this Book, the God and Father of our Lord Jesus Christ, who has said
that nothing can take us from His love, neither life nor death, land nor
ocean, nothing can separate us from His love.
Children, this Book tells us one thing which all need to learn, and
that is, how we may gain life eternal, how we may escape from death.
This Book is the story of God's love. It is the story of Jesus, our Savior.
He-that has Christ in his heart has life. I am the resurrection and the
life," said. Jesus; "I am the way, the truth and the life." If this Book
does not lead you to Christ, you have failed to get from it what God gave
it for. David said of the Bible: "The law of the Lord is perfect, con-
verting the soul."
We come now to the fifth letter, B-I-B-L-E- Everlasting. The
Bible is Beautiful, Interesting, Blessed, Life-giving, and Everlasting. It

is something that does not wear out. The word of the Lord endureth
forever." Children's clothes wear out, as you well know. Your play-
things break; your shoes don't last; your books get torn; these bodies
die; but the Bible lasts. It was good in David's time. It was good
when Christ was a child, and He read it. It was good in Paul's time, and
he added to it. It was good when Martin Luther translated it into the
German language, and William Tyndale translated it into English. It
lasts the way an oak tree lasts, that grows bigger and bigger and sends
out little shoots that grow into other oaks and make a mighty forest.
This Bible is now speaking to men in nearly three hundred different lan-
guages. It is going to be the one Book of the world. A hundred years
ago a famous infidel in France, named Voltaire, foolishly published his
opinion that the religion of the Bible would soon die out, but to-day men
are using Voltaire's printing-press in Geneva to publish this grand old
Book. Here is something, children, that is going to last. You can stand
on it safely. God is in it. When the little girl whose father was an infi-
del and whose mother was a Christian was dying, and she said to her
father, "Shall I hold to your principles, father, or shall I turn now to my
mother's God?" the father said: "Believe in your mother's God."
Just before beginning a great battle on the sea, you remember that
Admiral Nelson hung out a flag with these words for all to see: England
expects every man to do his duty." And so our great General, the Cap-
tain of our salvation, expects that every boy trained up in a Christian
church will do his duty. He expects that you will take this Beautiful,
Interesting, Blessed, Life-giving and Eternal book and make it your guide,
your compass, your rudder, your chart on the great ocean of life. He
expects that you will be true men and women, honest, pure, obedient to
God, loving your country and all the world. He expects that you will
be faithful to duty, that you will be clean in body and in lips and mouth
and eyes and heart. He expects to meet you and welcome you all in
glory above.
A passenger on one of our ocean steamers found an old friend in the
captain. They talked about one of their old classmates in school. Said

the passenger: "I could never understand why Will did not succeed.
He left college well educated, full of life and health, well-to-do. He gave
up the ministry which he had intended to enter, having fallen in with some
free-thinking fellows. He studied law, but gave that up and went to
farming. He became a skeptic. He left his wife and farming and became
a gold-seeker in California. He left this and went to Idaho. He had lost
everything, and supported himself by odd jobs. I knew him there. He
was not a drunkard or a gambler, but he had never succeeded. He tried
something new several times a year. He was now almost mad in his op-
position to the religion of the Bible. Soon he died, bitterly rebelling
against God. It is wonderful that such a man should ever have come to
such an end."
The captain was silent for a while, but at last said: "Old sailors
have a superstition that there are phantom ships (that is, ghosts of ships)
which cross the sea. I saw a vessel once that showed me how this idea
may have sprung up. It was a full-rigged bark, driving under full sail.
There was no one on board. Some disease may have broken out, and
all the sailors had left. I could not capture her, though I tried. Several
months later I passed her again. Her topmast was gone; her sails were
in rags; the wind drove her where it would. A year later she came in
sight one stormy winter night. She was a shattered hulk and went down
at last in the darkness and storm. She was a good ship at first, but,"
added the captain, "she had lost her rudder." Boys and girls, young
men and women, I pray you, on this voyage of life, not to lose the rudder
by which, in the storm, you may hold the ship true to the harbor.














JOB, .








DAN-I-EL,. .









t 192

S 200

o 204



OF REST, ... 276











History of the Old Testament.


FAR back in the past, more years than you could
think or count, God made the world. It did not look
at first as it does now, for there was no live thing on
it, no men, beasts, or birds, not a bush, tree or plant,
but all was dark and drear.
Then God said, Let there be light! And the
light came. And God saw the light, and it pleased
him, and he gave it the name of Day. And when
the day was gone, and the dark came back to stay
for a while, he gave the dark spell the name of Night.
And God did these things on the first day.
The next day God made the clouds, and the
sky in which they were to move; and he gave the
sky a name; he called it Heav-en.
Then he drove the wa-ters to one place where
they were both deep and wide, and he called the wa-
ters Seas, and to the dry land he gave the name of

History of t/ze Old Testament.

Earth. And God made the grass to grow up out of
the earth, and the trees and shrubs that have fruit on
them. And the grass and the shrubs and the trees
were to bear seeds, so that when these seeds were put
in-to the ground more grass and trees and shrubs would
grow there. God did these things on the third day.
And God put two great lights in the sky, the Sun
to shine by day, and the Moon to shine by night;
and he made the stars, and put each one in its place.
And these things he did on the fourth day.
And he made the great whales, and all the fish
that live in the sea, and the birds that swim on it, as
well as those that fly through the air, and make their
nests in the deep woods. And these things God did
on the fifth day.
God made the beasts: those that are wild and
live in the deep, dark woods, far from the homes of
men; and those that are tame and of use to men,
and live where men live-such as the horse, the cow,
the ox and the sheep. And he made the things that
creep on the ground, and flies and bugs that course
through the air.
And then God made Man, and told him that he
should rule the fish of the sea, the birds of the air,
and all else that lived on the earth. And he told
man that the fruit which grew on the trees and shrubs
should be his food, while the beasts were to feed on


History of the Old Testament.

the leaves, and on the grass that was spread out on
the earth. These things were done on the sixth day.
The next day God did no work at all, but made
it a day of rest.
God made man out of the dust of the earth, and
breathed in him till the man breathed and moved,
and showed signs of life. Then God made a gar-den
for man to live in, where all sorts of trees grew that
were nice to look at, and that bore fruit good to eat.
And this place was called E-den. And through it
flowed a large stream that kept the earth moist
And God took Ad-am, the man he had made,
and put him in the gar-den, and told him to take care
of it. He told him he might eat of the fruit that
grew on all the trees but one. God said he must
not eat of that tree, for if he did he would be sure to
die. And all the birds and beasts came to Adam,
that he might give them their names. And the
names he gave them are those by which they are
known to this day.
And God saw it was not good for man to be
a-lone; he should have some one to be with him and
help him. So he had a deep sleep fall on Ad-am,
and while he slept God took out of his side a bone,
and out of this bone he made a wo-man. Then he
brought this wo-man he had made to Ad-am, and
she was his wife.

God Made the World.

Now there was in this gar-den of E-den a great
big snake. And this snake spoke to the wo-man-
as Sa-tan speaks to us-to tempt her to sin.
The snake said: Has God told you not to eat of
all the trees in the gar-den ?
And the wo-man said that they might eat of all
but one; if they ate of that or touched it they would
be sure to die. The snake told them they should
not die, and that God did not wish them to eat of it
for fear they would grow wise, and know more than
he thought was good for them.
The wo-man heard what the. snake said, and when
she saw that the tree was nice to look at and the fruit
seemed good to eat, she gave no thought to what
God had said, but took some of the fruit and ate of it;
she gave some to the man, Ad-am, and he did eat.
In a short time they heard a voice, and knew that
God spoke to them. Yet they did not come near
him when they heard his voice, but ran and tried to
hide from him.
But God spoke once more, and said to the man,
Where art thou ?
And Ad-am said, I heard thy voice, and my fear
was so great, that I hid from thee.
And God said, Did'st thou eat of the tree I told
thee not to eat of?
And the man said, She whom thou dids't give

History of the Old Testament.

me to be with me brought me some of the fruit, and
I did eat.
And God said to the man's wife, What is this
that thou hast done?
And she told God what the snake had said, and
how she came to eat of the fruit, and God was wroth
with them all. He said the snake should crawl on
the ground and eat dust all the days of its life; and
he told the wife she should know what it was to be
sick and sad, and should have much grief and care.
And God drove the man and his wife out of
E-den, and would let them live no more in that fair
place. And he sent an-gels to keep watch, and a
sword of fire that would turn in all ways, so that the
two whom God for their sins drove out of E-den
could not get back to the home they had lost.
And God told Ad-am that as he had paid heed
to what his wife said, and did eat of the tree which
the Lord had told him not to eat of, the ground
should bear no more fruit for him by it-self, as it had
done up to this time, and Ad-am would have to work
hard all his life to raise food to eat, and when he died he
would go back to the dust out of which he was made.
But God told Ad-am and his wife that there was
a way by which their souls might live on high when
their flesh was laid in the ground. He said he
would send One from the sky who would give his
life for theirs: that is, he would be put to death for

God Made tze World.

their sins. Then if they would turn from their sins,
and give their hearts to the One who was to save
them, God
would not turn '
his face from
them, but when z" -:--
they died they : :
would have a
home with him,
and have no
thought of sin.
So Ad-am
went forth to
till the land,
and he gave his
wife the name
of Eve. And
they made N,. .
coats out of the ..
skins of beasts.
Ad-am and i i
his wife had
two sons: Cain
When they
grew up to be men, Cain, who was the first-born, took
care of a farm; A-bel kept a flock of sheep.

History of the Old Testament.

They both had bad hearts, and at times would be
led in-to sin, just as Ad-am and his wife had been.
But when A-bel did wrong he was grieved, and
sought to make peace with God. One day he brought
a lamb from his flock, and killed it, and burnt it on
a heap of stones. And the smoke went up on high.
This act of A-bel's pleased God, for it was the
sign that a Lamb was to be sent to the world to save
men from their sins.
But Cain kept on in his sins, and paid his vows
to God not with a lamb, but with fruit or grain out
of the field. This did not please God, and the
smoke went not up on high. When Cain saw this
he was in a rage, and showed by his looks that he
was wroth with God. Yet God spoke to him in a
kind voice, and said, Why art thou wroth? and why
art thou so cast down ?
If Cain did right God told him he would be
pleased with his gift; but if he did not do right, the
fault was his own.
Then Cain was wroth with A-bel, for he saw that
God was pleased with A-bel's gift and not with his.
And one day when both of them were out in the
field he rose up and slew A-bel, and the blood ran
out of. A-bel's wounds and sank deep in the ground.
As soon as this deed was done, God spoke to
Cain, and said : Where is A-bel?

God Made lhe World.

Cain.said, I know not. He is not in my care.
Then God, who had seen the crime, and knew just
how bad his heart was, said to Cain: What hast
thou done?
The voice of A-
bel's blood cries
to me from out
the ground."
And God
told Cain that
for his great sin
he should move
from place to
place, as one ..
who was in fear
of his life, and.-
had no home to
stay in. And
if he should
plant aught in
the field to bear
food, it should
not grow well. THE DEATH OF A-BEL.
not grow well.
Weeds would come up and choke it, or it would bear
leaves and no fruit, so that Cain would not have
much to eat.
And Cain said if God drove him here and there

History of the Old Testament.

on the face of the earth, and would not take care of
him, all those who met him would want to kill him.
But God said the man who hurt Cain would have
a worse fate. God set a mark on Cain; what kind
of a mark it was we are not told, but those who saw
it would know it was Cain, and it would bring to
their minds chat God had said no man should kill him.
Ad-am lived to be an old, old man, and had a
large flock of chil-dren, who grew up and were wed,
and they went off and made homes, and day by day
were folks born in-to the world. When Ad-am died
he was laid in the ground and went back to dust, as
God had said he should when he went out of E-den.
One of the men who lived in those days was
named E-noch. It is said of him that he walked
with God. That means that he loved God, and
thought of him, and kept near him all the time, and
did his best to please him.
And E-noch did not die, but God took him up
to be with him while he still lived, just as if he were
to take up one of us.
And E-noch had a son whose name was Me-thu-
se-lah, who died at a great old age. In those times
men lived more years than they do now, but in all
the years since the world was made no man has been
known to live to be as old as Me-thu-se-lah.


IN the course of time, when there came to be
more folks in the world, they grew fond of sin.
They did not love .
God, or try to please -
him. And God was ,.
wroth with them, and ,- ;
said he would send F ,
a flood that would -
drown the world, i
and there should i
not be any dry land
left for men, beasts,
or birds to live on. '
But though most
of the folks at that
time were as bad as
they could be, there
was one good man
in their midst, and
his name was No-ah.
And God loved No-ah and told him what he
meant to do. And God bade No-ah build an ark.

History oJ the Old Testament.

This was a boat. It was to be made large, with
rooms in it, and a great door on its side. And it
was to be quite high, and to have a roof on top.
And God told No-ah when the ark was done he
and his sons and their wives should go in it.
And he told No-ah to take in with him two of
each kind of bird and of beast, and of bug, and of
things that crept, and to take care of them in the ark
so long as the flood should be on the earth; for all
that were not in the ark would be sure to be drowned.
So No-ah set out at once to build the ark; and
it took him a great while to build it. When not at
work on the ark, he would talk of God, and of his
plan to send a flood to wash sin out of the world, and
would urge the folks to give up their sins, and lead
good lives. But they paid no heed to his words,
and went from bad to worse all the time that No-ah
was at work on the ark.
When it was done God told No-ah to come in-to
the ark, for he saw he was a good man who had
done his best to serve him, and to bring the birds
and beasts with him. For in a few days he would
send the rain on the earth, and all that was left on it
would be drowned.
So No-ah did as God told him. And when he
and his wife, and his three sons and their wives, and
the birds and the beasts, both small and great, had

46 History of tke Old Testament.

passed through the great door of the ark, God shut
them in.
At the end of a week the rain set in, and did not
stop for more than a month. The rain seemed to
pour out of the sky, and all the springs, the large and
small streams, and the great seas, rose up and swept
through the length and breadth of the land. They
came to where the ark was, and went round and
round it, and rose so high that the ark was borne
from its place and set a-float on the great wide sea.
Then those who had paid no heed to No-ah, but
had kept on in their sins, were in a sad plight. The
flood had come, and they knew now that all that he
had told them was true. How glad they would
have been to go with him in the ark. But it was too
late. They ran in wild haste to the tops of the hills
in hopes to find there a safe place. But still the
floods rose and rose till there was no place for them
to go, and all those not in the ark were drowned,
and there was not a bit of dry land in the whole wide
But God took care of No-ah, and those who were
with him, and kept them safe till the floods went
down. At the end of five months the sea had gone
down so much that the ark stood high and dry on a
mount known as Ar-a-rat. It stood there for at
least two months, and at the end of that time the

The Great Flood; and a Great Tower. 47

sea had gone down so that tops of high hills could
be seen here and there.
And No-ah sent forth a ra-ven, and the bird flew
this way and that,
but came not back i -.
to the ark.
Then No-ah .. g
sent forth a dove, ",
that he might find
out if the ground was ,- "''
yet dry. And the
dove flew here and
there in search of
green things, but '
found not a tree in :
sight, and naught .;
but cold hard rock, _
and so she flew back :-
to the ark and No-ah ":
put out his hand and
took her in.- -
At the end of a THE E-TURN OF THE
week No-ah sent out
the dove once more, and at the close of the day
she came back with a leaf in her mouth.
As soon as No-ah saw the leaf he knew that the
waves had gone down or the dove could not have

History of the )ld Testament.

found it. And he knew that God had sent the dove
back to him that he might know the ground would
soon be dry.
In a few days he sent the dove out for the third
time, but she did not come back; and No-ah was
sure then that the ground was dry, and that God
meant that for a sign that he should Icave the ark in
which he had been shut up so long.
And God spoke to No-ah and told him to come
out of the ark, and to bring out all that had been in
there with him. And No-ah did so, and he built
up a heap of stones as A-bel had done, on which he
laid beasts and birds, and burnt them, which was the
way in which man gave thanks to God in those
And No-ah's heart was full of praise to God,
who had kept him, and those who were near and
dear to him, safe from the flood, while all the rest of
the world was drowned.
And God told No-ah and his sons that they
should rule on the earth, and might kill the beasts
and use the flesh for food. Up to this time those
who dwelt on the earth had lived on the fruits of
trees and such things as grew out of the ground,- and
did not know the taste of meat.
And God told No-ah that he would send no
more floods to drown the world as this one had done.

The Great Flood, and a Great Tower. 49

And he gave No-ah a sign that he would keep his
word, so that when No-ah saw it he would have no
fear of a flood. --,.------.--.,--. ..
And this signi
was the rain-
bow, which God'
set up in the sky
as a bow of hope,
to No-ah and to!
all the world.
No-ah lived;
for years and!
years af-ter the .
flood, and died- .
at a ripe old age..-
The tribes of -- ..
No-ah grew so.--; .
fast that the: .. ..
world was quite
well filled oncctK. ..
more. .
And you -
would think they. -. :- :
would have been NO-A S SC--C.
glad to serve God, and to do right in his sight. But
their hearts were full of sin, and they went on as
those had done who were drowned in the flood.

i II


The Great Flood; and a C ,at Tower.

At this time all those who dwelt on the earth
spoke but one tongue; that is, they used the same
kind of speech.
Now these tribes did not stay in one spot all the

they chose.
And as they went
----- ------

to the east they came
to a plain in the land of
Shi-nar. And they
said, Let us make brick
and build a high tow-er
that shall reach up to
the sky. And let us
make a name, so that
when we go from this
place it will be known .
what 'great men were
here, and what great
deeds they could do.
And they set to
work to build it. God, BUILD-ING THE TOW-ER OF BA-BEL.
who read their hearts, knew that sin was at work
there, and that the tow-er they meant to build was
not to serve him in, or to add to his praise. So he

Histo, of the Old Testament.

was not pleased ,Tith their work, and chose a strange
way to stop them. He made them all at once speak
in strange tongues. This one could not tell what
that one said, and they made such a noise that it
grew to be just a ba-bel of sound. And that is why
it was called the tow-er of Ba-bel.

THERE dwelt in the land of Ur a man whose
name was A-bra-ham. And in that land the men
did not serve the true God, but had set up false gods
to whom they paid their vows.
And God told A-bra-ham to leave his home and
go to a land which he would show him. A-bra-ham
did not know where the land was, but he had great
faith, and knew that God would take care of him and
bring him to the land he had told him of.
So A-bra-ham took Sa-rah, his wife, and his
bro-ther's son, whose name was Lot, and they set out
for the land which God had said he would show
A-bra-ham was a rich man, and so was Lot, and
they had a great wealth of flocks, and of herds, and

Abra/kam :. the ilan of Faztli.

of tents. And they each had a large force of herds-
men. And these herds-men were at strife.
And A-bra-ham told Lot it was best that they
should part; and he said to him, Choose where thou
shalt go. If thou wilt take the left hand I will go to
the right, and if thou wilt go to the right hand then
I will go to the left.
So Lot looked round and saw that the plain of
Jor-dan was rich in grass, and would be a fine place
for him and his herds to dwell in; so he made his
choice at once, and went to live there.
Two large towns were on this plain, Sod-om and
Go-mor-rah. The men in Sod-om were full of sin,
yet Lot, though a good man, went to live there that
he might have a chance to add to his wealth.
As soon as Lot had gone, the Lord told A-bra-
ham that he would give to him and his heirs all that
land as far as he could see it. And the tribe of
A-bra-ham would be so great that no one could
count them.
Now Sa-rah A-bra-ham's wife, had a hand-maid
-that is, a maid-of-all-work-whose name was Ha-
gar; and she came from E-gypt. Ha-gar did Sa-
rah a great wrong, and Sa-rah drove her from the
house, and she fled to the woods.
An an-gel of the Lord found Ha-gar there by a
spring of wa-ter, and said to her, From whence

History of tke Old Testament.

didst thou come? and where wilt thou go? And she
said she had fled from Sa-rah, whose maid she was.
And the an-gel said she must go back to Sa-rah
and do as she wished her to do. And he told Ha-
gar she would have a son whose name would be
Ish-ma-el, and that he would live out of doors and be
at strife with all men. So Ha-gar went back to Sa-
rah, and in due time God gave her a son, who was
called Ish-ma-el.
When A-bra-ham was an old man, God told him
that he and Sa-rah should have a son, who should
be called I-saac.
One day at the hour of noon, when A-bra-ham
sat by the door of his tent, he looked up and saw
three men quite near him. Then he ran out to
meet them, and bowed his face to the ground. And
A-bra-ham bade them sit down and rest, and let
some wa-ter be brought that they might wash their
No one in those days wore such shoes as are
worn now. Some went bare-foot, and some wore
just a sole tied to the foot with strings, which did
not keep off the dust and dirt as our shoes do.
So when one came in from a long walk the first
thing he did was to bathe his feet, as that gave rest
and ease, and when guests came the bowl was
brought for their use.

Abraham: the Man of Faith.

And A-bra-ham brought them food to eat, and
stood by to wait on them; and when they had had
their fill, went -. -. .-
with them to
show them the. r -A.
In those l 'd
days the Lord .
came down on [ -
the earth and .
spoke with men, -
and it is thought ,
that one of these --1 ,
three was the .-'
Lord, and the. "
two with him -. .- L
were an-gels.
And the "
Lord told I -
A-bra-ham that -* 3-
he meant to burn ..-
Sod-om and Go-
mor-rah for the
sins of those THE AN-GELS' VIS-IT,
who dwelt there. This made A-bra-ham sad, and he
said there might be a few good men there, and he
begged the Lord to spare the towns for their sakes.

History of tie Old Tcstamint.

The Lord said he would do so if ten good men
could be found there.
And the Lord left A-bra-ham and he went back
to his tent. At the close of the day, Lot sat in the
gate of Sod-om and two an-gels came there. And as
soon as Lot saw them he rose up to meet them and
bowed down with his face to the ground.
Then these an-gels told Lot to take out of Sod-
om all those who were dear to him, and flee in great
haste, as the Lord meant to set the place on fire.
They. were told not to look back, but while on
their way Lot's wife turned her head, which was a
sign that her heart was in Sod-om, and she died
where she stood, and turned to salt.
But Lot and his two girls reached Zo-ar at dawn
of the next day. Then the Lord rained fire on Sod-
om and Go-mor-rah, and they were burnt up in fierce
flame, with all that lived there, and all that grew out
of the ground.
In due time God gave A-bra-ham the son he had
said he should have.
And the child grew, and as soon as it could eat,
A-bra-ham made. a great feast. And at this feast
Sa-rah saw that Ha-gar's son, Ish-ma-cl, made fun
of her boy, and she begged A-bra-ham to cast him
out. A-bra-ham did not wish to do this, but God
spoke to him and told him to do as Sa-rah had said,

Abraham .' Ihe i/a1,n of Failh.

for I-saac was to be the true heir. So the next day
A-bra-ham gave food and drink to Ha-gar and sent
her and her child out of his house.
And Ha-
gar took her
boy and went -- i
to the waste
lands of Beer-
And when
there was
nought for the
child to drink,
he grew weak,
and was like
to die. And
Ha-gar laid
him neathh a
bush and went
off and sat
down and hid
her face, and
wept, for she
very much and did not want to see him die.
And a voice spoke to Ha-gar out of the sky, and
said, What ails thee, Ha-gar? Fear not, for God

History of the Old Testament.

hath heard the voice of the lad where he is. Rise,
lift up the lad and hold him in thine arms.
And the voice told her that her son should be
the head of a great tribe. And as she raised her
eyes she saw a well of wa-ter, and she ran to it and
gave her son a drink and he was soon strong and
well once more.
And God was kind to Ish-ma-el, and he grew,
and made his home in the woods, and came to have
great skill with the bow.
Now it was God's wish to try the faith of A-bra-
ham to him.
And he told him to take his son, I-saac, and go
to the land of Mo-riah, and lay him on the al-tar he
was to build on one of the mounts there. It was
not a hard task to kill a lamb, and to burn it so that
the smoke of it should rise up to God, like praise
from the hearts of men. But how could A-bra-ham
take his own dear son, I-saac, and lay him on the
wood, and let him be burnt up like a lamb?
Yet God told him to do it, and A-bra-ham knew
that it was safe for him to do as God said.
So he rose the next day and took two of his
young men with him, and I-saac his son, and cut the
wood the right length, and set out for the mount of
which God had told him.
And as they drew near the place he took the

-- --------- --

IIA-GAX-- c --. -


History of the Old 7cestiamcnt.

wood from the ass and laid it on I-saac's back, and
took the fire in his hand and a knife, and the two
went up the mount.
Now I-saac did not know what the Lord had
told A-braham to do, nor why his fa-ther took him
up to the mount. And he said, Here is the fire and
the wood, but where is the lamb?
And A-bra-ham said, My son, God will give us
the lamb we need.
And when they came to the place, A-bra-ham
piled up the stones and put the wood on them, and
bound I-saac and laid him on the wood.
Then he drew forth the knife to kill his son.
And just then a voice from the sky cried out, A-bra-
ham! A-bra-ham! And A-bra-ham said, Here am I.
And the Lord told him to do no harm to I-saac,
for now he knew that A-bra-ham loved him, since he
would not spare his own dear son if it was God's
wish that he should give him up.
And as A-bra-ham turned his head he saw a ram
that was caught in a bush, and he took the ram and
laid it on the wood, and burnt it in-stead of his son.
At the end of a few years A-bra-ham went to live
at Heb-ron. And Sa-rah died there.
When I-saac grew up to be a man, A-bra-ham
Sdid not wish him to take a wife from the land of Ca-
naan where they served strange gods.

Abraham : tM/e Man of Fazith.

So he sent one of his men to the land where he
used to live to bring back a wife for I-saac.
And as he drew near to a large town in that
land he made his cam- --~ --- ----.
els kneel down by a -
well. And it was the
time of day when the 'P
wo-men of the place -
went out to draw wa-
ter from the well.
And the man
whom A-bra-ham had
sent, asked God to
help him, and to let
him know which one
of them was to be
I-saac's wife. And
he said he would ask
one of them for a
drink, and if she was
kind and gave him ai
drink, and let his I
cam-els quench their RRE-BEK-All AT TiHE. WELL.
thirst, then he should
know that she was the one God chose to be the wife
of A-bra-ham's son.
And he raised his heart to God and said, 0

History of the OId Testament.

Lord God of A-bra-ham, give me good speed this
And while he yet spoke a fair young maid named
Re-bek-ah went down to the well and came up with
the jar she had filled. And the man ran to meet
her, and said to her, Let me drink, I pray thee.
And she said, Drink, my Lord, and held the jar
in her hand so that he could drink with ease.
Then she said, I will give thy cam-els a drink;
and she went down to the well and drew for all the
cam-els. And the man stood still, and was yet
in doubt if this was the maid whom God chose to be
I-saac's wife.
And as soon as the cam-els had drunk their fill,
the man took a gold ear-ring, and two bands of gold
for the wrists, and gave them to Re-bek-ah. And
he said, Whose child art thou? tell me, I pray
thee. And is there room in thy sire's house for us
to lodge in?
The maid said that her sire's name was Beth-
u-el, and that there was no lack of straw and food,
and there was room in the house where he and his
men might lodge.
The man was glad when he heard this, for he
knew the Lord had led him, and had brought him
to the house to which he was sent. And he bowed
his head and gave thanks.





History of t/ie Old Testament.

The next day Re-bek-ah and her maids went
with A-bra-ham's head man. And they came to the
land of Ca-naan.
At the close of the day I-saac went to walk in the
fields, and as he raised, his eyes he saw the cam-els
on their way home, and he went out to meet them.
Re-bek-ah said to the man with whom she rode,
What man is this that comes through the field to
meet us?
And the man told her that it was A-bra-ham's
son, I-saac,
Then the maid drew her veil round her so as to
hide her face, and came down from the cam-el. And
I-saac took her to his house and made her his wife.
And A-bra-ham gave all that he had to I-saac; and
when he died he was laid by the side of Sa-rah, his
wife, in the tomb he had bought at Mach-pe-lah.
And to this day no one has had such faith or
trust in God as did A-bra-ham.

I-SAAC and Re-bek-ah had two sons. Their
names were Ja-cob and E-sau. E-sau was the first-


l a



History of tle Old Testament.

born, and in those days the first-born son had what
was called the birth-right. This made him chief of
all the rest, and heir to the most of his sire's wealth.
When the boys grew up to be men, E-sau took
to the fields and to out-door sports, while Ja-cob
was a plain man and dwelt in tents. And I-saac
was fond of E-sau, who killed the deer, and brought
him the meat to eat. But Re-bek-ah was more fond
of Ja-cob.
One day Ja-cob had made some food called pot-
tage, and E-sau came in from the field and said,
Feed me, I pray thee, with that pot-tage, for I am
And Ja-cob said, Sell me thy birth-right.
And E-sau said, I am at the point of death, so
what good will a birth-right do me?
So he sold his birth-right to Ja-cob-which was
a wrong thing for him to do-and took the bread
and meat, and ate and drank, and then went on his
Now there came a time when I-saac was an old
man, and his eyes were dim, for he had not long to
live. And he called E-sau to his bed-side and told
him to go out with his bow and shoot a deer and bring
him some of the meat he was so fond of, that he
might eat it and bless E-sau ere he died.
And Re-bek-ah heard what I-saac had said to

Jacob and Esau.

E-sau, and she told it to Ja-cob. And she said to
him, Go now to the flock, and fetch me from thence
two good kids, and I will make such a dish as thy
fa-ther loves. And
thou shalt bring it to
him that he may eat,
and that he may bless
thee ere his death.
So Ja-cob did as
he was told, and
brought the kids to his
mo-ther that she
might cook them in
a way that would
please the good man
of the house.
Then Re-bek-ah .
put some of E-sau's V
clothes on Ja-cob, and 'I -
put the skins of goats ------
on his hands, for
E-sau's hands, had on
them a thick coat of I-SAAC SPEAK-ING TO E-SAU.
them a thick coat of
hair. And then Ja-cob took the meat and the
bread and went in to his fa-ther.
And I-saac said, Who art thou, my son?
And Ja-cob said, I am E-sau, thy first-born.

History of t/e Old Testament.

Rise, I pray thee, and eat of the deer's meat I have
brought,- that thy soul may bless me.
And I-saac said to Ja-cob, How is it that thou
hast found it so soon, my son?
And he said, The Lord thy God brought it to me.
And I-saac said to Ja-cob, Come near, I pray
thee, that I may feel thee, my son, and know if thou
be my son E-sau or not. And Ja-cob went near to
his fa-ther and he felt him, and said, The voice is
Ja-cob's voice, but the hands are the hands of E-sau.
And he said, Art thou in truth my son E-sau?
And Ja-cob said, I am.
And he said, Bring near the food, and I will eat,
that my soul may bless thee.
And Ja-cob brought it near to him, and he did
eat, and he brought him wine and he drank.
And his fa-ther said to him, Come near now, and
kiss me, my son.
And he came near, and gave him the kiss. Then
the old man asked God to bless this whom he
thought was his first-born, and make him great, and
give him all good things.
Ja-cob was scarce yet gone out from his fa-ther
when E-sau came in from the hunt. And he
brought in a nice dish of meat, and said, Let my fa-
ther rise and eat of the flesh of the deer, that thy
soul may bless me.

Jacob and Esau.

And I-saac said, Who art thou?
And he said, I am thy son, thy first-born, E-sau.
And I-saac shook like a leaf, and said, Who?
Where is he that took.deer's meat and brought it to
me so that I did eat ere
this, and bless him?- AT
Yea, and he shall be --
When E-sau heard
these words he cried out
with great grief, and said Ri
to his fa-ther, Bless me
too, O my fa-ther!
But I-saac said that
he could not take from
Ja-cob what was now ,
his-though he had won
it through fraud.
And E-sau said in
his heart, My fa-ther will
soon be dead, and then
I will kill Ja-cob. JA-COBS DREAM.
And these words
were told to Re-bek-ah, and she sent for Ja-cob and'
said to him that E-sau meant to kill him, and he
must leave home at once and go and stay with her
bro-ther La-ban till E-sau's wrath had cooled.

History of the Old Testament.

And Ja-cob went out from Beer-she-ba.
And as he went on his way he came to a place
where he thought he would lie down and rest. The
sun was set, the day had been a long one, and he
was quite worn out. So he put some stones for his
head to rest on, and was soon sound a-sleep.
And while he slept he had a strange dream. He
saw a flight of steps that stood on the ground, the top
of which was far, far up in the sky. And bright an-
gels went up and down the steps. And the Lord
stood at the top, and said, I am with thee, and will
take care of thee, and will bring thee back to this
land, for I will not leave thee till I have done that
which I have told thee of.
And Ja-cob woke out of his sleep, and said, 'Tis
true the Lord is in this place, and I knew it not.
And he was in great fear, and said, This is the
house of God, and this is the gate of heav-en!
Then he rose up and took the stone on which
his head had lain and set it up on end, and he
poured oil on top of it. And he gave to that place
the name of Beth-el, and made a vow to love and
serve God all the rest of his life.
And though he had done wrong, God for-gave
him, and he was known as a great and good man.

As Ja-cob went on his way to the East he came
to a well that was out
in the field, near which --=-;
lay three great flocks 1 --
of sheep. And there !,
was a great stone on -.
top of the well. And .
the men who took care
of the flocks would roll .--
the stone from the ,. ,-
mouth of the well, and ,
give drink to the sheep.
Then they would roll i": ", ', ..
the stone back to the .! .. -.
mouth of the well. i-"

come? .'
And they told him.
And he said, Know
ye La-ban, the son of -
And they said, We know him.

History of the Old Tescament.

And he said, Is he well?
And they said, He is well. And there is one of
his girls now, Ra-chel, and she comes this way with
her sheep.
While Ja-cob yet spake with the men, Ra-chel
came up with the sheep that she took care of. And
when Ja-cob saw her, he came near, and drew the
stone from the mouth of the well, and gave drink to
the whole of her flock.
And as soon as he told her that he was Re-bek-
ah's son, she ran home with the news.
And when La-ban heard that his sis-ter's son was
near, he ran out to meet him, and threw his arms
round his neck and kissed him, and brought him
to his house.
And Ja-cob dwelt there for the space of a month.
And La-ban said to Ja-cob, Thou art bone of my
bone and flesh of my flesh, but it is not right for thee
to serve me for nought. Tell me how much I shall
pay thee?
Now La-ban had two girls-Le-ah and Ra-chel.
And Ja-cob was in love with Ra-chel; and he said
to La-ban, I will serve thee seven years if thou wilt
give me Ra-chel for a wife.
And La-ban said it would please him to have
Ja-cob for a son-in-law, and Ja-cob served sev-en years
for R -~hrel, and they seemed to him but a few days,

Jacob and Rachel

so great was his love for her. And at the end of
that time Ja-cob said to La-ban, Give me my wife,
for I have served thee my full time.
And La-ban made a feast, and brought in Le-ah
to be Ja-cob's wife. In those days the bride wore a
veil, and the man she wed could not look on her face
till the next day.
So Ja-cob did not find out this trick till the next
morn, and then he came in great wrath to La-ban
and said, What is this thou hast done to us? Did I
not serve with thee for Ra-chel ? and why did'st thou
cheat me ?
And La-ban said, In our land the first-born must
wed the first. Serve me sev-en years more, and thou
shalt have Ra-chel for a wife. And Ja-cob did so,
and though he dwelt with both-which was thought
to be no sin in those days-he was far more fond of
Ra-chel than he was of Le-ah.
Le-ah bore Ja-cob a host of sons, but it was years
ere Ra-chel had a child. And this made her sad.
But at last she had a son, and she called his name
Jo-seph. And as soon as Jo-seph was born Ja-cob
told La-ban to give him his wives and all the goods
that he owned, and let him go back to the land he
came from.
But La-ban begged him to stay. He had found,
he said, that the Lord had blest him for Ja-cob's

History of the Old Testament.

sake, and he might have some of the land and the
flocks if he would still serve him.
So Ja-cob took care of La-ban's flocks, and had
sheep and goats of his own, and things went well
for a time.
But one day Ja-cob heard La-ban's sons say some
hard things of him, and he saw that La-ban did not
give him. the kind looks that he used to. And he
felt that the time had come for them to part. And
the Lord told Ja-cob to go back to the land he came
from, and he would deal well with him. And Ja-
cob took his wives, and the flocks and the goods he
owned, and set out for the land of Ca-naan.
Ja-cob sent one of his men to E-sau to say that
he was on his way home, and was in hopes he would
find grace in his sight.
And the man brought back word that E-sau was
on his way to meet Ja-cob with a large force of men.
And Ja-cob thought of the wrongs he had done his
broth-er, and was in great fear of him.
He sought the help of God, and God told him
what to do. And Ja-cob sent great droves of sheep
and goats, and ewes and rams, and camels and colts,
and cows, and choice ones from all his live stock, as
a gift to E-sau.
And at night, when no one else was near, a man
whose face shone with a strange light, came to Ja-

Jacob and Rachel.

cob and wound his arms round him and tried to
throw him. And the two strove so hard that
Ja-cob's thigh was put out of joint.
And as it grew
light the man said, Let
me go, for the day
Ja-cob said, I will
not let thee go till thou
hast blest me.
And the man said,
What is thy name?
And he said, Ja-cob.
And he said Thy.
name shall be no more
Ja-cob but Is-ra-el, for '
as a prince thou hast
pow-er with God and -
with men.
And when he had
blest Ja-cob he went
his way. And Ja-cobl ~
gave the place the name
of Pe-ni-el, for, said he, THE MEET-ING OF JA-COB AND E-SAU.
I have seen God face to face and my life has been
spared. For Ja-cob knew by this that E-sau would
not kill him.

History of the Old Testament.

When Ja-cob was an old, old man Ra-chel bore
him a son; and they called his name Ben-ja-min.
And Ra-chel died. And it was hard for Ja-cob to
have her die and leave him, for his love for her was
great, and she was a good wife to him.

JA-COB had twelve sons, and he was more fond of
Jo-seph than of all the rest; for he was the child of
his old age. And he gave him a fine coat, and made
a great pet of him. This did not please the rest of
the sons, and they showed their hate of Jo-seph in
all sorts of ways.
One night Jo-seph had a strange dream, and he
told it to Le-vi, Sim-e-on, and the rest, and it made
them hate him all the more.
He said, As we bound sheaves in the field, lo,
my sheaf rose and stood up straight. And your
sheaves stood round, and bowed to my sheaf.
And those who heard him said, Shalt thou in-
deed reign o'er us? And his words and his deeds
filled them with a fierce hate.
And it was not long ere he told them of a fresh

/oseph and h/is Brethren.

dream, he
moon and
told it to
and his

had had, in which he saw the sun and
c-lev-en stars bow down to him. And he
Ja-cob, -.. .. .


- ----- --

And Ja-cob I, .i .-.
took him to task, 6 -,-j ., .
and said to him,
What does this -
dream mean? Are
all of us to bow '." -:
down to the earth --
to thee? And he .
made up his mind .
to watch these and A
signs, which might -::-
be sent of God.
Now Ja-cob
had large flocks :a : --e?
of sheep and goats
at Shech-em, and ,
all of his sons but 'W '
d _- .
Jo-seph had gone JO-SEPH' DREAM.
there to feed them.
And Ja-cob said to Jo-seph, Go and see if it be well
with thy brethren, and with the flocks, and bring me
back word.

History of lte Old Testament.

And Jo-seph went out from the vale of Heb-ron
to the land of Shech-em.
When he came there he found that his broth-ers
had gone on to Do-than. And Jo-seph went to Do-
than and found them. And as soon as he came in

.. .. -. ;z' .- 'j "^^ -


sight they thought of a way in which they might get
rid of him.
Come, let us kill him, they said; and throw him
in-to a pit, and say that a wild beast ate him up.
Then we shall see what will be-come of his dreams.
But Reu-ben heard it, and saved him out of their
hands. And he said, Let us not kill the lad. Shed
no blood; but cast him in-to this pit, and lay no hand

Joseph and his Brethren.

on him. For he meant to take him out of the pit,
and bear him home to his fath-er.
But when Jo-seph came near these men who
should have been kind -
to him, they took off his .
coat and threw him in-to -
the pit, which was dry, .
or he would have : '
drowned. These old
dry wells were left as
traps in which to catch
the wild beasts that
prowled round in the I
dead of night, and well
these bad men knew
what would be Jo-seph's
As they sat down to
eat, they looked up and
saw a lot of men and
cam-els on their way to
E-gypt, with spices, and
balm and myrrh. JO-SEPH SOLD BY HIS BROTH-ERS.
And Ju-dah-one of Ja-cob's sons-said, Let us
not kill the lad, for he is of our own flesh, but let us
sell him to these men. And the rest thought it was
a good scheme. So they drew Jo-seph up out of the

History of the Old Testawment.

pit and sold him for a small sum, and those who
bought the lad took him down with them to E-gypt.
And the bad men took Jo-seph's coat and dipped
it in the blood of a kid they had slain. And they
brought it to Ja-cob, and said, This have we found.
Is it thy son's coat?
And Ja-cob knew it at once, and said, It is my
son's coat. Jo-seph has no doubt been the prey of
some wild beast. And his grief was great.
The men who bought Jo-seph brought him down
to E-gypt and sold him to Pot-i-phar for a slave.
And the Lord was with Jo-seph, who served Pot-
i-phar so well, that the rich man put him in charge of
his home and lands. But Pot-i-phar's wife told false
tales, and Jo-seph, who had done no wrong, was thrust
in-to jail. Pha-ra-oh was then king of E-gypt. And
it came to pass that he fell out with his but-ler and
chief cook, and had them shut up in the same place
where Jo-seph was bound.
And the man on guard put them in charge of Jo-
seph, who went in and out of the ward as he chose.
And one morn when he came in to them he saw they
were sad, and asked them why it was.
And they said, We have dreamed dreams, and
there is no one to tell us what they mean.
And Jo-seph said, Tell me them, I pray you.
And the chief but-ler told his dream to Jo-seph

Josepj and his Brethren.

first. And he said, In my dream I saw a vine, that put
forth three branch-es and brought forth ripe grapes.
And Jo-seph said to him, In three days shall
Pha-ra-oh lift
up thine head,
and put thee
back in thy -
place, and thoud ;
shalt serve him
as of old. But
think of me AR
when it shall ..
be well with /-
thee; speak of .
me to the king, t ,
and bring me -
out ofthis house.
And the
but-ler said that
he would.
Then the .
chief cook told
his dream; and JO-SEPHS CO.
he said, In my dream I had three white bas-kets on
my head. And in the top one were all sorts of bake
meats for the king. And the birds did eat out of
the bas-ket that I bore on my head.

History of the Old Testament.

And Jo-seph said to him, In three days shall
Pha-ra-oh lift up thy head and hang thee on a tree;
and the birds shall eat the flesh from thy bones.
The third day was the king's birth-day, and he
made a great feast. And he put the chief but-ler
back in his place, and hung the chief cook; just as
Jo-seph had said he would do. But the chief but-ler
gave not a thought to Jo-seph, nor spoke one good
word for him to the king, as he had said he would.
Two years from this time the king had a dream,
from which he woke, and then fell asleep.and dreamt
the self-same dream. This was such a strange thing
that it made the king feel ill at ease. And he sent
for all the wise men in the land to tell him what these
dreams meant.
Then the chief but-ler spoke to the king, and said
that when he and the cook were in jail, there was a
young man there, a Jew, whom the chief of the guard
made much use of. And we told him our dreams,
and he told us what they meant. And it came out
just as he said.
Then the king sent at once for Jo-seph, and said
to him: In my dream I stood on the bank of the
Nile. And there came up out of the riv-er seven fat
cows, and they fed in a field near by. Then sev-en
lean cows came up that were naught but skin and
bone. And the lean cows ate up the fat cows. And

Joseph and his Brethren.

yet no one would have known it, for they were just
as lean as when I first saw them. Then I woke,
but soon fell a-sleep once more.
Then I dreamt, and in my dream I saw sev-en
ears of corn come up on one stalk, full and good.
And lo, sev-en ears
that were thin and
dried up with the east
wind sprang up af-ter
them. And the poor
ears ate up the good
Jo-seph said, For
sev-en years there will
be no lack of food in
the land, and all will
go well; and then there
will come a time of
great want, and rich
and poor will be in
need of food, and not PHA
a few will starve to
death. Let the king choose a wise man to see that
corn is laid up in the land when the good years
bring the rich growth, so that- there will .be no lack
of food in the years when the crops are small.
And the king said to Jo-seph, Since God hath

History of the Old Testument.

showed thee all this there is none so wise as thou
art. So he put him in charge of all the lar I of
E-gypt, and he was to rank next to the king. And
the king took a ring from his own hand and put it
on Jo-seph's hand, and.when he rode out, men bowed
the knee, and his word was law in all the land.
And Jo-seph took a wife, and he who was brought
to E-gypt a slave, was now a rich man.
And there came years when the grain grew rank
in the fields, and the crops were large. And Jo-seph
saw that a large part of it was laid up, and that there
was no waste of the good food. For the end of those
rich years came and then there was a time of dearth
in all the lands, when the earth would not yield, and
men and beasts were in want of food.
But there was no lack of corn in E-gypt. And
Jo-seph sold the corn that he had stored in the
barns, and crowds came in to buy it.
When Ja-cob heard that corn could be bought in
E-gypt, he told his sons to go down and buy some,
that they might not starve to death.
And ten of them went down to buy corn in
E-gypt. But Ja-cob kept Ben-ja-min at home,
for fear he would be lost to him as Jo-seph was
When Ja-cob's ten sons came to the place where
Jo-seph was, they bowed down to the ground. And

* 1\;


i : r


History of the Old Testament.

Jo-seph knew them at once, but they did not know
him, or give a thought to his dreams.
And Jo-seph spoke in a rough voice, and said,
Whence come ye ?
And they said, From the land of Ca-naan to buy
And he said, Ye are spies, and have come to see
how poor the land is.
And they said to him, Nay, my lord, but to buy
food are we come. We are all one man's sons; and
we are true men, and not spies.
But Jo-seph would have it that they were
And they said, There were twelve of us, sons of
one man. Young Ben-ja-min is at home with his
fa-ther, and one is dead.
And Jo-seph said, Go prove that ye are not spies;
let one of the ten that are here go and fetch the young
lad, Ben-ja-min. And he put them in jail for three
days. And he said, Let one of you be bound, and
kept in the guard-house, while the rest of you take
back the corn that you need. And they said that
they would do this.
Then he took Sim-e-on from their midst, and had
him bound, and put in the guard-house.
And he sent word to his men to fill their sacks
with corn, and to put back the price in each sack, and

Josephz and his Bre/thren.

to give them food to eat on the way. And thus did
Jo-seph do good to those who did ill to him.
When Ja-cob's nine sons went home they told all
that had been
said and done
t- -- -.. i : -' "-------
to them, and
that the lord of
the land bade
them bring
down to E-gypt
or he would i '
think they were I
spies, and their
lives would not -
be safe.
Ja-cob said,
My son shall i'i
not go down
with you, for 'I
his broth-er is _lli,'
all I have left.E MEET-ING OF JO-SR AND BEN
If harm should come to him on the way, I should
die of grief.
When the corn they had brought from E-gypt
was all gone, Ja-cob told his sons to go down and

History of the Old Testament.

buy more. And Ju-dah spoke up and said, The
man swore we should not see his face if Ben-ja-min
was not with us. If thou wilt send him with us we
will go; but if thou wilt not send him we will not
go down.
Then Ja-cob said, If it must be so, take Ben-ja-
min with you, and may God give you grace with this
man that he may send my two boys back to me.
So the men took Ben-ja-min and went down to
E-gypt, and stood face to face with Jo-seph.
And they gave Jo-seph the gifts they had brought,
and bowed down to the earth. And he asked how
they all were, and if their fath-er was well; and when
he saw Ben-ja-min he said, Is this the young broth-er
of whom you spoke? And he said to the lad, God
be good to thee, my son.
And Jo-seph's heart was so full at sight of the
boy, and he longed so to throw his arms round him,
that he had to make haste and leave the room that
his tears might not be seen.
Then he came back and had the feast set out,
and all did eat and drink, and were glad at heart.
And when the time came for his guests to leave, Jo-
seph told his head man to fill their sacks with corn,
to put their gold back in the mouth of the sacks, and
to put in the young lad's sack the cup from which
Jo-seph drank at each meal.

Joseph and his Brethren.

This was done, and when they had gone out of
the town Jo-seph.bade his man go and say to them:
My lord's cup is lost, and you must know who stole it.
And when the man came up with Ja-cob's sons, he
said just what t
Jo-seph told him
to say. And
they were all in
a rage, and said:
Why does my
lord say such -
things of us? If N
the cup is found
on one of us,. ,
kill him; and
make the rest "I\
of us slaves.
And each
one of them cast
his sack on the
ground, and
loosed it at the
top. And the cup was found in Ben-ja-min's sack.
Then they rent their clothes, and in great grief went
back to Jo-seph's house and found him there. And
they fell down at his feet.
And Ju-dah said, God has found out our sins.

History of the Old Testament.

Let us be your slaves; and take him as well in whose
sack the cup was found.
Jo-seph said, No; but the man in whose sack the
cup was found shall stay and serve me, and the rest
shall go in peace.
Then Ju-dah, who had sworn that he would bring
back the boy, said to Jo-seph: If we go home, and
our fath-er sees the lad is not with us, he will die of
grief. For his life is bound up in the lad's life.
Jo-seph could not keep back his tears, and when
he had sent all the men of E-gypt out of the room,
he said to his broth-ers, Come near, I pray you.
And they came near. And he said, I am Jo-
seph, whom ye sold in-to E-gypt. But grieve not
that ye did this thing, for God did send me here that
I might save your lives. Go home and tell my fath-
er that God hath made me lord of all Egypt, and bid
him come down to me at once. And say that he
shall dwell near me, in the land of Go-shen, and I
will take care of him.
Then he fell on Ben-ja-min's neck, and they wept;
and he kissed his broth-ers and shed tears, but they
were tears of joy.
Ja-cob took all that he had and went down to
E-gypt. And three-score and ten souls went with
him. And they dwelt in the land of Go-shen, and
Ja-cob died there.

Throziug the Red Sea and the Wilderness.

Jo-seph's breth-ren thought that he would hate
them now that their fath-er was dead. And they
fell down at his feet and wept and prayed that he
would do them no harm.
Jo-seph bade them fear not, for he would take
care of them and be kind to them. They had meant
to do him an ill turn when he was a lad, but God
had made it turn out for good, and it was all right.
And Jo-seph lived to a good old age, and had two
sons, whose names were E-phra-im and Ma-nas-seh.

BY and by there rose up a new King in E-gypt
who knew not Jo-seph. He was called Pha-ra-oh, as
this was the name by which all the kings of E-gypt
were known. And he said there were more He-
brews, or Jews, in the land than there ought to be,
and if war should break out, and these Jews should
take sides with the foes of Pha-ra-oh and his race,
they would be sure to win. So he set them hard
tasks, and made them bear great loads, and did all he
could to vex them, and still they grew in strength.
God had said they were to be as the stars in the sky,

History of the Old Testament.

and as the sands of the sea, that no one could count.
And the king of E-gypt tried to stop this thing.
And he made it a law that if a boy child was
born to the He-brews it should be put to death at
once; but a girl child might live. And this was the
cause of great grief to the poor bond slaves, who
were forced to do the will of the great king.
One day the prin-cess went down to bathe in the
stream that ran near her house. And her maids
went with her. And as she stood on the shore of the
Nile, she caught sight of a small boat built like an
ark, that was hid in the reeds, and sent her maids to
fetch it out.
When the prin-cess looked in the ark she saw the
child. And the babe wept. And the prin-cess
tried to soothe it, but the child cried the more, for her
voice was a strange one. And she said, This is a
He-brew child.
And one of her maids spoke up, and said, Shall I
get thee a He-brew nurse, that she may nurse the
child for thee?
And the prin-cess said, Yes; go.
And the maid brought her own and the babe's
moth-er, to whom the prin-cess said, Take this child
and nurse it for me, and I will pay thee for it.
And the wo-man took the child and took care
of it.


:~ .43

'' '


History of the Old Testament.

And the child grew, and was brought down to
Pha-ra-oh's house, and the prin-cess made him her
son, and gave him the name of Mo-ses: which
means "Drawn out."
One day, when Mo-ses had grown to be a man,
he went out to look at those of his own race, and to
watch them at their tasks. And while he stood
there a man from E-gypt struck one of the Jews;
and when Mo-ses looked to the right and to the left
and saw that no one was near, he slew the one from
E-gypt and hid him in the sand.
And the next day, when he went out, he saw
there was a fight be-tween two He-brews. And he
said to the one who was in the wrong, Why did you
strike that man?
And he said, Who made thee our judge? Dost
thou want to kill me, as thou didst the one from
E-gypt ?
And Mo-ses was scared, for he thought no one
knew of this deed.
As soon as it came to the ears of the king, he
sought to slay Mo-ses. But Mo-ses fled from him,
and dwelt in the land of Mid-i-an, and found a wife
there, and took care of the flocks of Jeth-ro, his
wife's fath-er.
One day as he led his flock out in search of food
he came to Mount Ho-reb, and there he saw a flame

Through the Red Sea and the Wilderness.

of fire stream out of a bush, and the bush was not
burnt in the least.
As he drew near the bush the Lord spoke to him
out of the flame, and Mo-
ses hid his face, for he
dared not look on God.
The Lord said, The
cry of the chil-dren of Is-
ra-el has come up to me,
and I have seen how ill
they have been used.
And I will send thee to
Pha-ra-oh that thou mayst
bring them forth out of
the land of E-gypt.
But Mo-ses was loth .
to go.
And the Lord said,
What is that in thine
hand? And Moses said,
A rod, And the Lord
said, Cast it on the
ground. And he cast it =o-s"s o oE- o -,o, .--
on the ground, and it was changed to a snake, and
Mo-ses fled from it. Then the Lord said to Mo-ses,
Put forth thine hand, and take it by the tail. And
Mo-ses did so, and it was a rod in his hand. And

History of the Old Testament.

the Lord said, Put now thy hand in on thy breast.
And he put it in, and when he drew it out it was
white, and like a dead hand. And he put his hand
in once more, and drew it out, and it was like the
rest of his flesh.
Then Mo-ses said, 0, my Lord, I am not fit to do
this work, for I am slow of speech, and a man of few
And the Lord said to him, I will be with thee,
and teach thee what thou wilt say.
Still Mo-ses was loth to go, and the Lord was
wroth with him, and said, Take Aa-ron with thee.
He can speak well. And thou shalt tell him what
to say and do, and I will teach you, and with this
rod in thy hand thou shalt do great things, as if thou
wert God.
So Mo-ses took his wife and his sons and put
them on an ass, and went back to E-gypt with the rod
of God in his hand.
And Mo-ses and Aa-ron went in to the king and
begged him to let the He-brews go out of the land.
And he would not, but laid more work on the men,
and bade them make bricks with-out straw, and do
all sorts of hard tasks.
And the Lord sent plagues on the land, and the
ponds dried up, and all the large streams were turned
to blood, and the fish died, and the stench of them

Through the Red Sea and the Wilderness.

made the air scarce fit to breathe. And there was
no wa-ter they could drink. Then there came. a
plague of frogs, _
and they were
so thick in the
land that Pha- -- b si ---'
ra-oh said he
would let the
chil-dren of Is-
ra-el go if Mo-
ses would rid
him of the frogs
at the same --
But the ---
king did not
keep his word,
for as soon as he
found the frogs
grew less, he
said the He-
brews should
not go.
Then the
Lord smote the land with lice; but still Pha-ra-oh's
heart was hard.
Then the Lord sent flies in such swarms that

History of the Old Teslament.

there was no place that was free from them, and they
made the food not fit to eat.
And the king told Mo-ses he would let the bond-
slaves go to serve their God, but they were not to go
far till the land was rid of flies. Then Mo-ses went
forth and prayed to God, and the flies left the land.
But still the king's heart was hard, and he would
not let them go.
Then the Lord sent worse plagues: the flocks
and herds died; there were boils on man and beast;
the crops did not come up, and rain, hail, and balls
of fire came down from the sky. And still the heart
of the king was as hard as stone. Then the Lord
sent lo-custs, that ate up all the hail had left, and
there was not a green leaf on the trees nor a blade of
grass to be seen in the whole land.
And the king bade Mo-ses to set him free from
this plague. And the Lord sent a strong west wind,
that blew the flies in-to the Red Sea. Yet Pha-ra-oh
would not let the He-brews go.
Then the Lord told Mo-ses to stretch out his
hand, and there came up a thick cloud that made the
land so dark that the folks staid in bed for three
days. And Pha-ra-oh said to Mo-ses, Get thee out
of my sight. For if I see thy face thou shalt die.
And Mo-ses said, Thou hast well said: I will see
thy face no more.

Through the Red Sea and the Wilderness.

And the Lord sent one more plague on E-gypt:
he smote the first-born of men and of beasts, and a
great cry was heard through the land. And then
Pha-ra-oh had to let -
the chil-dren of Is-ra-el .- -
go, for he could not
keep up this strife with
God. And Mo-ses led
the He-brew chil-dren i-
out of E-gypt, and the
Lord sent a cloud by
day and a fire by night
to show them the
And when they
were in camp by the
Red Sea, they looked
up and saw Pha-ra-oh
and his hosts, and were
in great fear lest he
should kill them. And
they cried out to the CP _
M o-ses that he had OF IS-RAEL SING-ING PRAISES.
brought them in-to such straits.
As they came to the Red Sea, Mo-ses raised his
rod and the sea rose like a wall on each side, and

History of the Old Testament.

the chil-dren of Is-ra-el went on dry land through the
midst of the sea.
Then Pha-ra-oh and his hosts came close in the
rear, and passed down be-tween the great sea-wall
that rose at the right hand and at the left. And the
waves that had stood still at a sign from God were
let loose, and the king and his horse-men were swept
out of sight.
When the chil-dren of Is-ra-el came out of the
Red Sea they were three days with naught to drink.
And when they came to a stream, called Ma-rah,
they found it bitter. And thby said to Mo-ses,
What shall we drink?
And Mo-ses cried out to the Lord, and the Lord
showed him a tree, and when he had cast a branch
of it in the stream it was made sweet at once. And
they came to E-lim, where were ten wells and three-
score palm-trees, and there they made their camp.
It was not long ere there was a great cry for
And Mo-ses plead with God, and when the sun
went down that day quails flew in-to the camp, and
they had all the meat they cared to eat. At dawn
of the next day, as soon as the dew was off the ground,
there came a rain of what was at first thought to be
But Mo-ses said it was food that God had sent

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