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BIBLE PICTURES AND STORIES.
v if j`
SIXTH EDITION. SIXTY-SECOND THOUSAND.
BY D. J. D.
AUTHOR OF "OUR PICTURE BOOK," "PETS ABROAD," ETC.
With 46 Illustrations by W. J. Webb, L, Huard, etc.
S S. W PARTRIDGE & ,CO.,
Sc 8 &9, PATRNOSTER ROW,
ADAM AND EVE .
CAIN AND ABEL
THE FLOOD .
THE TOWER OF BABEL.
LoT's FLIGHT FROM SODOM
ABRAHAM AND ISAAC
THE STORY OF REBEKAH
JOSEPH AND HIS BRETHREN
THE FINDING OF MOSES
THE FLIGHT FROM EGYPT
MOSES STRIKING THE ROCK
THE TEN COMMANDMENTS
BEZALEEL AND AHOLIAE
THE BRAZEN SERPENT .
PASSAGE OF THE JORDAN
THE CAPTAIN OF THE LORD'S HOST
How JERICHO WAS CAPTURED
ACHAN'S SIN. .
. *. .* 44
THE ALTAR ON MOUNT EBAL
THE CITIES OF REFUGE
GIDEON AND THE FLEECE
THE DEFEAT OF THE MIDIANITES
.THE DEATH OF SAMSON
RUTH AND NAOMI
BOAZ AND RUTH
HANNAH PRAYING BEFORE THE LORD
ELI AND SAMUEL .
DEATH OF ELI AND HIS SONS
PLAYING ON THE HARP BEFORE SAUL
DAVID AND GOLIATH .
NATHAN REPROVING THE KING
DAVID AND ARAUNAH
ELIJAH FED BY RAVENS
PLOUGHING IN CANAAN .
THE SHUNAMMITE'S SON
THE LITTLE CAPTIVE MAID
JONAH AT NINEVEH
HEZEKIAH AND SENNACHERIB
THE BRAVE HEBREW BOYS
DANIEL AND THE LIONS
ESTHER BEFORE THE KING
DAVID AND JONATHAN .
ADAM AND EVE.
N the beginning Goa made
the heaven and the earth.
He also made the sun,
Soon, and stars; trees,
flowers, and all vegetablS
life; and all animals, birds,
-- -- fishes, and insects. Then
God made man. The name
of the first man was Adam,
Sand the first woman was
SEve. Both were placed
in a beautiful garden called
the Garden of Eden, where
they might have been happy
continually had they not
sinned. But God forbade
them to eat of the fruit of
THE GARDEN OF EDEN. the tree of the knowledge
of good and evil. Satan
tempted Eve to take the fruit of this tree. She ate, and
gave to Adam, and he ate also. Thus they sinned, and sin
came into the world.
Then God called to Adam and said, "Where art thou ?"
Before this, Adam and Eve had been happy when God was
near, now they were afraid. Why ? Because they knew they
had done wrong. So sin makes us afraid of God.
God rebuked them for the evil they had done; and then
drove them out of the Garden of Eden, placing an angel to
keep watch over the gate so that they could not return.
CAIN AND ABEL.
W'HAT a sad story the Bible tells us in the fourth
SvV chapter of Genesis! Cain and Abel were
brothers, the sons of Adam and Eve. How
they should have loved each other I Yet we find
-''*, that Cain killed Abel. Why did he do this ?
Cain was a husbandman, who tilled the
ground; Abel was a shepherd, who kept sheep.
One day each offered a sacrifice to God. Cain brought
fruit, and Abel brought a lamb. God accepted Abel's
offering, but not Cain's. Why? Well, I am not quite sure,
but I think it was because Abel offered his sacrifice according
as God had commanded, and had faith in a promised Saviour;
but Cain simply acknowledged God's goodness in giving him
the fruits of the earth. God had probably told them, too, that
when they came to worship Him, they were to bring a lamb or
a kid as a sacrifice for their sins; this Abel had done, but Cain
had not. Cain was angry because God had accepted Abel's
offering and not his; and he hated his brother Abel.
God knew the evil thought Cain had towards his brother,
and asked him, Why art thou wroth? and said, If thou
doest well, shalt thou not be accepted? But Cain did still
more wickedly. When out in the field he killed his brother.
Was it not a cruel deed ? They were alone when this murder
was committed, yet one eye saw it all. God saw it, and
said to Cain: "Where is Abel, thy brother?" We cannot
sin without God knowing it Cain told God a lie. He
answered, "I know not." But he did know. God was
angry with Cain for his sin, and sent him as a fugitive and
vagabond to wander on the earth.
i A BOUT fifteen hundred years had passed since
h LI Cain slew Abel, during which time man had
become more and more wicked. At length
.God saw that the wickedness of man was great
S in the earth, and that every imagination of the
1 thoughts of his heart was only evil continually."
Then God said, "I will destroy man whom I have created
from the face of the earth."
But one man was righteous and served God. His name
was Noah. God told him that the world would be drowned
by a flood because of the wickedness of the people, and
commanded him to build a great ark to float upon the waters.
In this ark God promised to preserve alive Noah and his
family; and also two of each of every living thing on the earth
-animals, birds, and creeping things. All the rest were to die.
Noah built the ark as God commanded. It took him a
great many years, during which time the people were warned
to forsake their sins and turn to God, but they did not do so.
At last the ark was finished, and Noah, with his wife, and his
sons with their wives, and the animals, birds, and creeping
things, as God had commanded, all entered into it. What a
long procession it must have been I Then God shut them in,
and they dwelt in safety while the rain came down, and the
waters rose up and covered the earth. All were drowned
except those in the ark.
A year afterwards, when the waters were dried up, Noah,
and all .that had been with him, left the ark. Then Noah
built an altar, and offered sacrifices to God, in thankfulness
for God's goodness to him and his family.
i. -~'-'-"1 -, 7~ ~
(2 ~ -__ ...
I i (I Z-4iji
THE TOWER OF BABEL.
; IABEL means confusion. Was it not a strange
B name to give a tower? How did it get this?
After Noah left the ark, God made a
promise to him that He would no more destroy
the earth by a flood, and blessed him and his
sons. In course of time many little children were born, baby
boys and girls, who grew up to be fathers and mothers having
children also. In this manner a great many people dwelt
again on the earth. For more than one hundred years they
all spoke the same language, and as, in course of time,
they journeyed onward, they came to a large plain in the land
of Shinar, near to where Babylon was afterwards built.
Here they said they would remain and build a great city,
with a high tower ascending to heaven.
Now God, when he blessed Noah, had said to him, Be
fruitful, and multiply, and replenish the earth" ; meaning
that the people were to scatter abroad, so that the world
might become inhabited again. But these men wanted to
keep together, and found one great empire, the centre of
which should be the great city with the lofty tower. So they
made bricks and burnt them, and took a kind of pitch for
mortar, and began to build. Some learned men say they
took three years in getting the materials, and were twenty-two
years building the tower. It was very great and high, but
it was never finished. The people did wickedly in building
it, and God, who saw all they were doing, confounded their
language, so that one could not understand another. Thus
they left off building the tower, and that is why it is called
Babel. Then God scattered them abroad to re-people the earth.
\. ,pi. -.
BUILDING THE TOWER OF BABEL.
LOT'S FLIGHT FROM SODOM.
N Palestine, the land in which Jesus dwelt when
SIHe was upon earth, there is an inland sea,
called the Dead Sea. Its waters are very salt,
and no trees grow upon its shores. Many long
,\ years before the birth of Jesus Christ, two cities
stood upon the plain which the waters of the Dead Sea now
cover. These cities were named Sodom and Gomorrah.
Their inhabitants were very wicked, so God destroyed their
cities by raining brimstone and fire upon them.
Before God destroyed these cities, He sent two angels to
Lot, Abraham's nephew, who dwelt in Sodom, commanding
him to flee from it, taking his family with him. The angels
hastened him, saying, Arise, take thy wife, and thy two
daughters, which are here; lest thou be consumed in the
iniquity of the city." Then the angels took all four by the
hand and led them out, and said to Lot, Escape for thy life;
look not behind thee, neither stay thou in all the plain;
escape to the mountain, lest thou be consumed."
Lot pleaded that he might take refuge in a little city,
named Zoar, not very far distant; and having obtained the
angels' permission to do so, he took his wife and daughters,
and hastened away. In our picture we see him and his
daughters entering Zoar, and Sodom burning in the distance
-but what is that strange figure standing on the plain?
Alas! that is Lot's wife; the angel had commanded them
that none were to look back, but she did so, and was turned
into a pillar of salt.
Lot did wrong in dwelling in such a wicked city as
Sodom, and lost all his property when he escaped for his life.
LOT ENTERING ZOAR.
ABRAHAM AND ISAAC.
., ABRAHAM feared God and obeyed His com-
S mandments ; and God promised to bless
Abraham very greatly. He gave him riches
in cattle, and silver, and gold; and said that the
S land of Canaan should belong to him and his
descendants. God also gave him a son in his
Sold age, whom he loved very dearly and named
Isaac. But God intended to try Abraham, to see
if he loved Him above all else.
One day God told Abraham to take his son Isaac, and to
journey into the land of Moriah; there to build an altar and
offer Isaac as a sacrifice upon it. It was a strange command,
but Abraham knew that God would not bid him do what was
wrong, and believed that even if he slew his son, God was
able to raise him to life again. So he rose early in the morn-
ing, saddled his ass, took two of his young men, and wood
for the fire; and then, accompanied by Isaac, started on his
journey. On the third day they came near the place God had
pointed out, and Abraham left the young men with the ass,
while he and his son journeyed up the mountain alone. As
they went along, Isaac-who carried the wood, while his
father carried the knife and the fire, said : My father." And
Abraham replied, Here am I, my son." Then Isaac said:
" Behold the fire and the wood : but where is the lamb for a
burnt offering?" Abraham answered: "My son, God will
provide Himself a lamb for a burnt offering."
The altar was built, Isaac was bound and laid upon it,
and Abraham's arm was uplifted to strike the blow that was
to take his son's life away. Then God called to Abraham,
ABRAHAM AND ISAAC.
" Lay not thine hand upon the lad, neither do thou anything
unto him; for now I know that thou fearest God, seeing that
thou hast not withheld thy son, thine only son from me."
Abraham looked up, and behind him saw a ram which was
caught in a thicket by its horns; this he took and offered as
a sacrifice to God.
So God tried Abraham; and also Himself provided the
lamb for the burnt offering, as Abraham had said.
THE STORY OF REBEKAH.
T"HEN Abraham had grown old, he desired that
i his son, Isaac, should take a wife. But he did
not wish him to choose one from among the
women of Canaan, for they worshipped idols. So
7 he called his oldest servant, and commanded him
to make a journey to Abraham's own country,
and there to choose a wife for Isaac. Then the man took ten
camels, together with food and other goods for the journey,
and set out for the city of Nahor. When he came to the
walls of the city he spied a well, and, as it was evening, the
young women were coming out to draw water. Then he asked
God to help him to choose a wife for Isaac, saying, Let it
come to pass, that the damsel to whom I shall say, 'Let
down thy pitcher, I pray thee, that I may drink,' and who
shall reply, 'Drink, and I will give thy camels drink also;
let her be the one Thou hast chosen for Thy servant Isaac."
REBEKAH GIVING DRINK TO ABRAHAM S SERVANT.
Before he had done speaking, there came out a beautiful
young woman, whose name was Rebekah. She was the
grand-daughter of Nahor, Abraham's brother. She carried a
pitcher upon her shoulder, and went down to the well and
filled it. Then Abraham's servant ran to her and asked her
for a drink from her pitcher. She said, Drink, my lord,"
and held the pitcher for him, and afterwards drew water for
his camels also. Then he took a golden jewel and a pair
of gold bracelets, and put them upon her, and asked whose
daughter she was, and if her father could lodge him and his
company. When she told him who she was, he was glad, and
worshipped God, for he was sure then that he had been
led to the house of Abraham's brother.
Then Rebekah called out her friends, and they took the
man in to lodge him for the night, and set food before him.
But he would not eat until he had told them his errand, and
how he believed God had chosen Rebekah for Isaac's wife.
He then asked the parents to say whether they would give
their daughter or not, but they said : It has been ordered by
God; we cannot give or refuse her. Rebekah is before you.
Take her and go. Let her be Isaac's wife, as the Lord hath
When the man heard these words, he again praised God ;
and then he brought out rich clothing, and jewels of gold and
silver, and gave them to Rebekah. He also gave presents
to her mother and brother. When they asked Rebekah if
she would go with the man, she said Yes," and took leave
of her friends, who blessed her. Then, with her nurse and
her maids, she rode upon the camels, and followed the man,
for she believed that so God had ordered it.
Isaac dwelt by the well Lahai-roi, and one evening he-
REBEKAH JOURNEYING TO ISAAC.
walked into the fields to meditate. As he lifted up his eyes
he saw the company of camels coming towards him. At the
same time, Rebekah lifted up her eyes and saw Isaac. When
the man told her it was his master Isaac, she alighted from
the camel, and covered her face with a veil, according to the
custom of the East. When the man told Isaac all he had
done, Isaac was pleased, and welcomed Rebekah, and gave
her the tent that had been his mother's. And she became his
JOSEPH AND HIS BRETHREN.
U __OW wonderful is the way in which God works
i 11 for those who fear Him! The history of
Joseph teaches us this truth.
-^- Joseph had one younger and ten elder brothers.
The name of the younger brother was Benjamin.
SJacob was the father of them all; and Rachel was
the mother of Joseph and Benjamin. Jacob loved
Joseph more than all his other sons, and made him a coat of
many colours; but his elder brothers hated him, and one
day, when far away from home, proposed to kill him. They
cast him into a pit instead, and afterwards sold him as a
slave to some merchants who were travelling from Gilead
to Egypt. When they returned to their father, 'they took
Joseph's coat of many colours, which they had dipped in
blood, and brought it to Jacob, saying: This have we
found: know now if it be thy son's coat or no." Jacob knew
~L~ ~ LI ~
THE MEETING OF ISAAC AND REBEKAH.
the coat; and thought Joseph had been killed by some wild
beast, and mourned for him greatly.
The merchants carried Joseph into Egypt, and sold him
to one of the king's officers, named Potiphar. But, though a
slave, he was not forsaken by God. No, God was with him,
and made all that he did to prosper. His master placed him
over all his house, but his mistress wanted him to commit a
great sin. When he refused, she accused him unjustly to his
master, and Potiphar had him cast into prison.
God was with Joseph in the prison, and gave him such
favour with the keeper that he set him over all the other
prisoners. Among them were two; one who had been the
king's butler, and the other his baker. Both had dreams
which troubled them much, but Joseph was enabled by God
to interpret their dreams for them. By-and-by Pharaoh, the
king, dreamed a dream. He was standing on the banks of a
river, and saw seven fat cows come up out of the water and
feed in a meadow; afterwards seven very lean cows came up
and devoured the fat ones. Then Pharaoh awoke; but he
dreamed again, and saw that seven very poor ears of corn
devoured seven that were full and good. In the morning he
was greatly troubled. What could the dreams mean ? He
called for the magicians and the wise men, but they could not
tell. At last it was told him how Joseph had interpreted
the dreams in the prison; so he sent for Joseph, who came
from the prison, and stood before the king.
Pharaoh said, "I have dreamed a dream, and there is
none that can interpret it; and I have heard say of thee, that
thou canst understand a dream to interpret it." Joseph
answered, "It is not in me: God shall give Pharaoh an
answer of peace." Then Joseph told Pharaoh that the dreams
JOSEP 13EFE PHARAOH. V
JOSEPH 13EFORE PHARAOH.
had been sent by God, to show him that after seven years
of great plenty had passed there would come seven years
of famine. He also advised Pharaoh to lay up corn in cities
during the years of plenty, so that the people might be fed
during the years of famine. Pharaoh. saw what great wisdom
God had given Joseph, and made him ruler over all the land
of Egypt. The corn was stored up; and after the years of
plenty the famine came.
During all this time Jadob and his sons had been dwell-
ing in Canaan; where, through the famine, they were now in
want of food. So Jacob sent his sons to Egypt to buy corn.
The Bible tells us, in the book of Genesis, how they came
to Egypt, and all that befell them there; and how at last
Joseph, the ruler of the mighty kingdom, made himself
known to them as the brother they had cruelly sold for a
slave. But he forgave them, and sent to fetch his father Jacob,
saying that all were to come into Egypt, where he would
provide for them.
Jacob could not at first believe the good news his sons
brought; but when he saw the waggons which Joseph had
sent to carry him and the little ones, he said, It is enough;
Joseph my son is yet alive; I will go and see him before I
die." So he journed to Egypt, with his sons, and all that
he had; and has he drew near Joseph went to meet him.
When Joseph met his father, he fell on his neck, and wept
there. And Jacob said, Now let me die, since I have seen
thy face, because thou art yet alive." He was so full of joy
that it seemed to him there was nothing else worth living for.
Afterwards Joseph presented his father to Pharaoh ; and Jacob
blessed Pharaoh; who allowed him and his family to dwell
in the land of Goshen.
i-I *-- ~ --I I~
rT II r
~1.72;- c 1
2 ;1 ,,
II *l. r1,
.. .. .
JACOB PRESENTED TO PHARAOH.
THE FINDING OF MOSES.
P: HARAOH, becoming alarmed at the increasing
power and numbers of the Israelites in Egypt,
ordered that every male child who might be
Born to them should be cast into the river, and
drowned. But the wife of a man named Levi felt
that she could not give up her babe, and for three
months she hid him. When she could hide him no longer,
she prepared a basket of rushes, and coated it with pitch,
so that it would float upon the river and keep out the water.
In this ark she placed her infant son, and hid the ark among
the flags and bulrushes on the river-bank, and set the child's
sister to watch it.
Now it happened that the daughter of Pharaoh came with
her maidens to bathe in the river; and when she saw the basket
she sent one of her maids to fetch it. And when she looked
at the child he wept, and she had compassion for him, and
said, This is one of the Hebrews' children." Then the child's
sister came forward and said to Pharaoh's daughter, Shall I
call to thee a H-ebrew woman that she may nurse the child for
thee?" And when the princess said, "Go!" she, the maid,
went and called her own mother, to whom Pharaoh's daughter
said, Take this child and nurse him for me, and I will give
thee thy wages." And the woman took the child and nursed
him. And when he had grown, his mother took him to the
princess, who adopted him as her son, and called his name
Moses, which means drawnz out, because she took him from
the water. Afterwards he grew to be a great man: he was
learned in all the wisdom of the Egyptians; and we are told,
"he was mighty in words and deeds."
THE FINDING OF MOSES.
THE FLIGHT FROM EGYPT.
f- \JHEN Moses was forty years old he had to flee
from Egypt. He went to Midian, where he
y^. b dwelt for forty years; at the end of which time
God appeared to him, and instructed him to return
to Egypt; where he was appointed by God to lead
the Israelites from bondage to the land of Canaan.
Moses and Aaron went to Pharaoh, king of Egypt, and
delivered to him God's demand to let the people of
Israel go; telling him that if he disobeyed terrible plagues
would come upon his land. Pharaoh hardened his heart
against God, and refused to let the people go ; so ten dreadful
plagues were sent, the last of which was that the firstborn of
every Egyptian should die, whether it were man or beast.
But not a single Israelite was to suffer harm. This plague
God said should come in the night; when an angel would pass
through the land, destroying the Egyptians but sparing the
Each family of the Israelites was commanded, on the
evening that God had appointed, to kill a lamb, and to dip a
bunch of hyssop in its blood, sprinkling this blood upon the
top and side posts of the door. All the houses thus marked
God said would be spared when the destroying angel passed
through the land. In the night, while the Israelites were,
according to God's command, eating the lambs that had been
slain, all ready to depart, a great cry arose among the
Egyptians. In every house, from the palace downwards, the
eldest child lay dead.
Then the Egyptians arose, and thrust the Israelites out;
and they left Egypt, and journeyed towards the Red Sea.
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SPRINKLING THE BLOOD.
MOSES STRIKING THE ROCK.
-\ FTER the Israelites left Egypt they crossed the
Red Sea, whose waters divided so that they
.passed through on dry land. Then they travelled
through the wilderness toward Mount Sinai. Pass-
,'r ... ing onward, they wanted water and food ; and for-
getting the great things God had already done for them,
they began to murmur. At a place called Marah they found
the water too bitter to drink; so they grumbled, saying to
Moses, What shall we drink ?" He asked God; who showed
him a tree, which, when cast into the water, made it sweet.
Next the people murmured for food, and God sent them
manna, which they gathered every day except the Sabbath;
but with all God's care and kindness the Israelites continued
to grumble whenever any difficulty arose. Journeying forward,
they entered another wilderness, called the Desert of Sin, and
came to a place named Rephidim, where they found no water.
They were very thirsty, and came to Moses murmuring and
saying, Give us water that we may drink." How could
Moses do that ? He was grieved with them, and said, "Why
chide ye with me? wherefore do ye tempt the Lord ?" But
the people grew so angry that they were ready to stone him.
Then Moses told God all the trouble, and God showed him
what to do. He was to go before the people, taking the
elders of Israel with him, and his rod, and God would stand
before him on the rock among the mountains of Horeb. This
rock he was to strike, when water would gush forth.
Moses did as God commanded. He went forward with
the elders, struck the rock with his rod; and the pure, clear
water gushed out, so that all the people were able to drink.
STRIKING THE ROCK.
THE TEN COMMANDMENTS.
'_"-THE Israelites journeyed onward and encamped
before Mount Sinai. There God talked with
ie. I Moses, and instructed him to remind the
people of the great things He had done for them;
and to say that if they obeyed Him, and Kept His
covenant, they should be a peculiar treasure to Him above all
people, and a holy nation.
When the people heard God's message, they answered,
"All that the Lord hath spoken we will do." How happy
would they have been if they had always kept this promise!
But, alas they did not do so ; and great punishments came
upon them in consequence.
God also said that on the third day He would descend
upon Mount Sinai; and commanded the people to prepare
themselves for that great and solemn event. None were to
approach the mount, for if they did so they would die. On
the third day, according to the command, the people gathered
before Mount Sinai. A thick cloud covered the mountain,
which smoked and quaked, and there were thunders and
lightning; a trumpet also sounded exceeding loud, so that all
the people trembled. Then God spake from the midst of the
fire, and gave the people the Ten Commandments. These
you will find in the tweAtieth chapter of Exodus; and little
folks with sharp eyes can' read them in our picture.
We are told that "all the people saw the thunderings,
and the lightning, and the noise of the trumpet, and the
mountain smoking"; and when they saw it they were so
much afraid that they stood afar off. How holy is God's law,
and how careful should we be to obey it 1
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THE TEN COMMANDMENTS.
Ob To rmtli~t ~i
BEZALEEL AND AHOLIAB.
SA FTER God had given the Ten Commandments,
He called Moses up into the mountain; where he
remained forty days and forty nights. During that
time, God told him to speak to the Israelites, asking
1'7- them to give gold, silver, brass, blue, purple, fine
S linen, oil, precious stones, and other things, to make
a tabernacle or sanctuary, where God would dwell among
them. God showed Moses the pattern of this tabernacle, with
its coverings, its holy place and most holy place, its ark of
the covenant with the cherubims and mercy-seat, its table for
the shewbread, golden candlestick, and altar of incense, and
the garments for Aaron and his sons, etc. ; everything was
accurately described by God. Then God instructed Moses as
to who could do the work He had commanded to be done, and
named two to whom He had given special wisdom and skill:
these two were Bezaleel and Aholiab.
When Moses came down from the mountain he called
Aaron and all the people of Israel, and told them what God
had commanded. The people willingly brought gifts, till more
than enough was provided. Then Bezaleel and Aholiab, and
other wise-hearted men, worked diligently-until the tabernacle
and all things belonging to it were made exactly as God had
instructed. Some worked in gold and silver, others in brass
and wood ; wise women spun cloth of blue, purple and
scarlet, and fine linen ; precious stones were set for the high
priest's ephod and breastplate; and, at last, all was finished.
Then we are told Moses did look upon all the work, and,
behold, they had done it as the Lord had commanded." Then
Moses blessed them.
r( 1 v- 7 '
*EZALE** AN 1 i 4
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BEZ LEL AN ii O A
THE BRAZEN SERPENT.
-- TESUS CHRIST says that As Moses lifted up the
j serpent in the wilderness, even so must the Son
of Man be lifted up." What did Jesus mean?
Nearly forty years had passed since God gave
_- His law"from Mount Sinai; and frequently the
people had sinned during that time. Through
^- their disobedience they were compelled to wander
in the wilderness for many long years, instead of going
straight to Canaan. While thus wandering they passed round
the land of Edom, and became grieved and impatient because
of the dreariness and difficulty of the way. They murmured
against God and against Moses, and said, Wherefore have ye
brought us up out of Egypt to die in the wilderness? for
there is no bread, neither is there any water; and our soul
loatheth this light bread." They meant the manna which God
gave them daily.
God allowed fiery serpents to come among the people
because of their sin, which bit them, and many died. Then
they came to Moses, saying, We have sinned pray
unto the Lord that He take away the serpents from us."
Moses did so; and God told him to make a serpent of brass
and to put it on a pole; and said that all who looked to the
serpent should live. The serpent of brass could not heal them,
but God healed them as they obeyed -His command to look to
the serpent. It was look and live.
Now I think we see what Jesus means. God has said
that all must die because of sin; but those who look to Jesus
and trust in Him will have their sins pardoned, and will live
with Him in glory for ever.
TIIE BRAZEN SERPENT.
;;-~-_ ---.- i
THE PASSAGE OF THE JORDAN.
STAVING wandered for forty years in the wilderness,
11 the Israelites drew near to the river Jordan, at a
place opposite Jericho. Moses was dead, and
Joshua was now the leader of the host. God told
I'- him that the time had come when the people of
Israel were to enter Canaan; to which land they had all
this long time been travelling, but which previously they had
not been permitted to enter on account of their sin. A
description of this sin is given in the Bible, in the fourteenth
chapter of Numbers.
But the people were now to cross the Jordan and enter
Canaan. They were a very great multitude, and the river lay
before them. How were they to cross? God told them!
He commanded Joshua that the priests were to take the ark
of the covenant and to go before the people; who were to
follow a short distance behind. Could the priests and the
people walk across the deep water? No. But as soon as the
priests reached the river, and their feet were dipped in the
water, God divided the Jordan into two, leaving dry ground
for the Israelites to cross upon.
The priests carried the ark into the middle of the bed of
the river and then stood still, and all the people passed on
before them. WVhen all were over, the priests carrying the
ark moved forward also, and the waters returned to their
proper place again. But before they did so, Joshua com-
manded twelve men, one from each tribe, each to take a stone
from the river's bed; and these stones were set up as a
memorial of the marvellous manner in which God had brought
the Israelites across the Jordan into Canaan.
CROSSING THE JORDAN.
THE CAPTAIN OF THE LORD'S HOST.
s7 -"N EWS of the miraculous way in which the
A Israelites had been brought across the Jordan
.'-..- spread rapidly among the Canaanites, and
.- when they heard what God had done, they were
very much afraid. We are told that their heart
melted, neither was there spirit in them any more,
because of the children of Israel."
God had said to Joshua that the land of Canaan was to
be taken possession of by the Israelites ; and had commanded
him to Be strong and of a good courage," and had streng-
thened him by saying, Be not afraid, neither be thou dis-
mayed, for the Lord thy God is with thee whithersoever thou
goest." Joshua and the people were now in Canaan, and
before them lay a stronghold of the Canaanites, named Jericho,
having high walls and strong gates. This city the Israelites
had to capture; but the inhabitants closed the gates, and
prepared to fight fiercely to prevent Joshua and his warriors
from getting in.
As Joshua was alone at this time, near Jericho, he looked
up, and saw a man standing with a drawn sword in his hand.
Joshua went to him and asked, "Art thou for us or for our
adversaries ?" The man answered, Nay; but as captain of
the host of the Lord am I come." Do you know who it was ?
Was it an angel? .I think it was more than an angel. It
was the Lord I Joshua fell on his face to the earth and
worshipped, saying, What saith my Lord unto His servant ? "
Then the Lord told Joshua, as before He had told Moses, to
take his shoes from his feet, for the place on which he stood was
holy; and instructed him how Jericho was to be captured.
11 .51i 1 RI
'VI I L
TME CAPTAIN OF THE LOPD- 110T.
HOW JERICHO WAS CAPTURED.
S"T HEN men in olden times attacked a city, they
'V tried to batter down the walls with heavy
beams of wood, having heads of iron, called
,.9 I', battering-rams; but God did not instruct the
Israelites thus to capture Jericho. They were to
remember that it was not by their own power they
could conquer the Canaanites, but only as God gave
them the victory over their enemies. So God commanded
Joshua to lay siege to Jericho in a very strange way. He
said that seven priests, each having a trumpet, were to go
before the ark. In front of them the armed men of Israel
were to march; and behind the ark the people were to follow.
In this way they were to go round the city once each day for
six days, the priests blowing their trumpets each time. The
seventh day they were to go in the same manner round the
city seven times; and God said that when the priests blew
their trumpets the seventh time, the people were to give
a great shout, and the walls of the city would fall down.
Joshua and the people did as God commanded. They
marched round the city carrying the ark, the priests blowing
their trumpets; and on the seventh day they marched round
seven times. The last time, when the priests blew their
trumpets, the people shouted with a great shout, and the
walls of the city fell down flat. Then the Israelites went up
and took possession of it.
Thus God delivered Jericho into the hands of His people.
All the inhabitants were killed except Rahab and her relatives
These were spared because Rahab had been kind to the spies
whom Toshua had sent.
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FALL OF JERICHO.
G OD commanded the Israelites to destroy Jericho,
S' L and all the gold, silver, and other riches found
'"- there were to be devoted to the Lord. If any
-i '^i. disobeyed this command then a curse was to rest
-" upon all, and they were not to prosper.
The Israelites were to conquer the Canaanites,
and drive them out of the land. So Joshua prepared to attack
a city named Ai. Three thousand of his men went to capture
it, but the inhabitants came out and drove them back, killing
some of them. Joshua was greatly grieved. He knew that
unless God made the Israelites victorious, the Canaanites
would be able to overcome them, and God had appeared to
fail them this time. Oh! he was sorry. But he told God
the trouble, and God showed him the cause of it.
One of the Israelites, named Achan, saw among the
spoil of Jericho, a handsome garment, some silver, and
a bar of gold, and coveted them. He stole these things and
hid them away in his tent, thinking that no one saw him; but
God knew it all. Achan's sin was the cause of Israel's defeat 1
God showed Joshua how the man who had done the wicked-
ness was to be discovered. Each tribe was to be brought
before God, then each family of the tribe He chose, then each
household of the family taken, and lastly each man of the
family chosen. Finally, Achan was pointed out by God.
Joshua bade him confess what he had done, and he said that
he had taken the Babylonish garment and the gold and silver.
Messengers were sent to his tent, who brought what
Achan had hidden; and he, with his sons and daughters, his
cattle, and all that he had, and the garment, silver, and gold,
ACHAN CONFESSING HIS SIN.
were taken to a valley near by, where the people stoned them,
and burned them with fire; and then raised over all a great
heap of stones, which remained as a memorial to warn others
against sinning as Achan had done.
THE ALTAR ON MOUNT EBAL.
S EFORE Moses died he called the Israelites to-
gether, and urged them to faithfully serve God;
also directing that when they entered Canaan,
They were to build an altar of rough stones, covered
with plaster, on Mount Ebal, and to write the words
of God's law upon this altar. Then six of the tribes
were to stand on Mount Gerizim, and six on Mount Ebal, and,
,in the hearing of all the people, the blessings for obedience
and the cursings for disobedience were to be proclaimed.
Mounts Ebal and Gerizim are two rugged mountains that
face each other in Samaria. When the Israelites advanced
'thus far, they remembered the words of Moses. Joshua
built the altar as directed, on which he offered sacrifices to
,God, and wrote a copy of the law upon it. All Israel stood,
half of them over against Mount Gerizim, and half of them
*over against Mount Ebal," and Joshua read'all the words
,of the law, the blessings and cursings, according to all that
is written in the book of the law." Then the loud voices
.of the Levites were heard from the mountain sides, declaring,
in the hearing of all the people, the blessings for obedience
and the curses for disobedience, as God had commanded.
---- "_, -
,t: ", ~ -- --- = -;=--,-:
J__/ _- 4
THE ALTAR ON MOUNT EBAL.
THE CITIES OF REFUGE.
REVENGE is contrary to the teaching of Jesus.
Christ. If thine enemy hunger, feed him," says
the Saviour; but among the Israelites and other
S eastern nations a different practice prevailed. If one-
slew another, the kinsman of him that was slain felt
bound to avenge his relative, and to slay him that
had done the deed. Sometimes people were killed by accident,
when it was clearly unjust that he who had unwittingly killed
another should be slain. To guard against the innocent thus.
suffering, God commanded that cities of refuge should be:
appointed, to which the slayer might flee which killeth any
person at unawares."
These cities were six in number: Kedesh, Shechem, and
Kirjath-arba, on the west of Jordan; and Bezer, Ramoth, and
Golan, on the east of that river. They were so arranged that.
a few hours' rapid flight would bring the slayer from any part
of the land to one of the cities of refuge. Jewish writers say
that the roads leading to these cities were always kept in good-
repair, and that guide-posts were placed at every cross road,
with Refuge Refuge I written upon them. But the man.
that wilfully killed another was not sheltered. He was given
up to the avenger to be slain.
In our picture we see the slayer running to the city gate;.
the avenger close behind, shooting arrows at him. He has thus
far escaped, and two or three more steps will place him in
safety. But, once within the city, he must not quit its refuge
until the death of the high priest. If he do so and the avenger
find him he may be slain. But upon the death of the high
priest he will be allowed to return home, to dwell in peace again.-
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FLEEING TO THE CITY OF REFUGE.
E XHORTATION seems a hard word, but it simply
means to strongly urge to good deeds, and this
is what our artist shows Joshua to be doing.
S Joshua is now an old man, and the Israelites are
settled peaceably in Canaan. He has called them
before him, with their elders, and heads, and judges,
and officers. He tells them that he is old and about to die,
and reminds them of the land that has already been conquered
and divided among them, and of that which still remains to
be conquered; urging them to be "very courageous to keep
and to do all that is written in the book of the law of Moses,
that they turn not aside therefrom to the right hand or to the
left." He bids them take good heed therefore unto themselves,
that they love the Lord their God; and warns them that if
they go back and do wickedly, the anger of the Lord will be
kindled against them, and they will perish quickly from off the
good land which God has given them.
In his address, Joshua said, "Ye know in all your hearts
and in all your souls, that not one good thing hath failed of
all the good things which the Lord your God spake concerning
you; all are come to pass unto you, and not one thing hath
failed thereof." How faithful is God I He never fails in His
promises: and we are told He is unchangeable, so that what-
ever He promises now He will fulfil, and whatever warnings
He gives will surely come to pass. How good is it to have
this holy and wise God for our Father, and to know that He
promises abundantly to bless all those that trust in the Saviour,
Jesus Christ. But let us take heed of the warnings against
sin given in God's Holy Word.
4 A- .1
JOSHUA EXHORTING THE PEOPLE.
GIDEON AND THE FLEECE.
AFTER the death of Joshua, the Israelites turned
away from God, and served idols. Therefore the
evils came upon them of which they had been
warned by Moses and Joshua. But at different
times God, seeing their distress, raised up "judges,"
to deliver them from their enemies, and to judge over them.
The first of these judges was named Othniel. He was Caleb's
nephew. The last was Samuel. One that lived about one
hundred years before Samuel was named Gideon.
The Israelites were at this time in great trouble. They
were hiding in dens and caves because of the Midianites, who
had conquered them and overrun their country. When their
corn was ripe these enemies came and destroyed it, so altogether
they were in sad plight. One day Gideon was threshing
wheat in a secluded place, so as to escape the notice of the
Midianites, when an angel from God appeared to him,
bidding him to go and save the Israelites from their foes.
Gideon obeyed the command: but before commencing the
battle he much desired a sign from God showing that He
would give the Israelites the victory. The sign Gideon asked
for was, that when he laid a fleece of wool on the ground,
if the victory were to be his, then the fleece should be wet and
the ground dry. He placed the wool on the ground, and taking
it up the next morning found it wet, although the ground was
dry. So he knew God had answered him as he desired. But
he was not quite satisfied. He begged God for a second sign.
This time the ground was to be wet and the fleece of wool dry.
God gave him this sign also; and then Gideon felt sure that
the Israelites would be victorious over the Midianites.
EXAMINING THE FLEECE
THE DEFEAT OF THE MIDIANITES.
S ARGE numbers of the Israelites gathered around
S Gideon, prepared to fight against the Midianites,
who were encamped in a valley, like grass-
hoppers for multitude." How Gideon's host was.
;'-' reduced till only three hundred men remained, and
the wonderful dream he heard related, when he and his
servant went down as spies into the enemy's camp, are recorded
in the seventh chapter of Judges. It was not by their own
bravery or power that the Israelites were to overcome their
enemies. God was to give them the victory; and He chose
Gideon and three hundred men to overcome the great and
mighty host of the Midianites.
Gideon divided his three hundred men into three com-
panies, and put a trumpet in every man's hand, and gave to
each a pitcher with a lamp inside. Then he said, Look on
me, and do likewise: when I blow with a trumpet, I and all
that are with me, then blow ye the trumpets also on every side
of the camp, and say, 'The sword of the Lord and of Gideon.'"
Gideon and the hundred men of his company approached the
enemy's camp by night, and the other two companies drew nigh
also, so that the Midianites were surrounded. Then all blew
their trumpets, broke their pitchers, held up their lamps
(torches), and cried out as they had been commanded.
The Midianites heard the trumpets' blast and the cry, and
saw the lights. They were thrown into confusion, and one
fought against another; then they fled, and were pursued by the
Israelites, great numbers of whom gathered together and
followed after their flying enemies. Thus the Midianites were
overcome, and Israel had peace during the lifetime of Gideon.
I' \ -
"THE SWORD OF THE LORD, AND OF GIDEON."
THE DEATH OF SAMSON.
-: SAMSON'S birth was foretold by an angel. He
was to grow up a Nazarite, forbidden to drink
strong drink, neither was his head to be shaved.
S His strength was very great; but his marriage was
S sinful, and his doings with the idolatrous Philistines
terrible. Though an Israelite and a judge, I fear much he
sinned greatly against God. On one occasion he went to Gaza,
a city of the Philistines. The inhabitants tried to take him,
but he arose at midnight and carried away the gates of their
city. In our picture though he looks so strong, yet we see
chains on his legs, and he is blind! How came he to lose his
sight and be made a prisoner? I think it was owing to his
sin and folly.
He became acquainted with a wicked woman, who enticed
him to tell her in what his great strength lay. Three times
he told her falsely, but at last he said that if the flowing locks
of his hair were removed his strength would depart. While
he slept these locks were cut off, then the Philistines burst in
upon him, and when he arose to resist them, he found that his
strength was gone. Then his eyes were cruelly put out, and
he was bound with fetters of brass.
Our artist shows him blind, brought out to make sport at
the Philistines' feast. He is very sorrowful, and, I think, angry.
He asks the lad beside him to place his hands upon the pillars
supporting the house; then, his great strength returning, he
bows himself with all his might; the pillars break, the house
falls, and Samson, with very many of the Philistines, is crushed
amid the ruins. Was not this a terrible end to what might
have been a noble life ?
4~ $ i
SAMSON MAKING SPORT FOR THE PHILISTINES.
RUTH AND NAOMI.
~: AOMI was the wife of a Jew named Elimelech,
who left his own city of Bethlehem to go into
the land of Moab, because there was a famine
-~- in Canaan. Some time afterwards he died, leaving
SNaomi a widow with two sons, all dwellers in a
strange land. Her sons married two young women belonging
to Moab, whose names were Orpah and Ruth. After living
there about ten years Naomi's sons died also, leaving Orpah
and Ruth widows, along with their widowed mother-in-law.
Then Naomi determined to return to her own land. Orpah
and Ruth accompanied Naomi some distance on her journey;
then she bade them to leave her, telling each to go back to her
mother's house in Moab, while she would pursue her way alone
to the land of Judah. They were unwilling to do so, saying
they would go with her to her land and people; but she urged
them to depart, assuring them that they would gain nothing
by leaving their own country to accompany her, and that they
had better return to their own homes. Then the story informs
us-you will find it in the Bible, in the Book of Ruth-that
Orpah kissed her mother-in-law and departed; but Ruth clave
unto her, saying, "Whither thou goest, I will go; and where
thou lodgest, I will lodge; thy people shall be my people, and
thy God my God; where thou diest, will I die, and there will
I be buried: the Lord do so to me and more also, if ought but
death part thee and me."
So Ruth refused to leave her mother-in-law, and journeyed
with her until they reached Canaan. Then they both dwelt
in the city of Bethlehem, in the land of Judah, where we shall
meet with them again.
RUTH AND AOMI.
RUTH AND IAOMI.
BOAZ AND RUTH.
SWVHEN Naomi returned to Bethlehem she was poor.
',- The poor were allowed at harvest time to follow
the reapers ; gleaning, or gathering up the stray
ears of corn. One day, Ruth obtained permission
.from her mother-in-law to go gleaning, and went to
glean in the field of a rich man named Boaz, who happened to
be a kinsman, or relative of Elimelech. But Ruth did not
know of this relationship.
Boaz saw Ruth gleaning, and asked one of his servants
who she was. The servant replied, It is the Moabitish damsel
that came back with Naomi out of the country of Moab."
Then Boaz spoke kindly to Ruth, telling her not to go to any
other field to glean, but to stay with his maidens and glean in
his field. She fell on her face before him and bowed herself
to the ground, and asked, "Why have I found grace in thine
eyes, that thou shouldest take knowledge of me, seeing I am a
stranger ? Boaz was pleased with her because of her kindness
to Naomi, so he replied, It hath fully been showed me all
that thou hast done unto thy mother-in-law since the death of
thine husband." He also bade her to eat and drink with his
servants, and told his reapers to let some handfuls of grain fall
on purpose for her. So Ruth gleaned that day quite a large
quantity of barley, which she took home to Naomi. Then she
learned that Boaz was her kinsman.
She continued gleaning until the end of harvest; and
afterwards became the wife of Boaz and grandmother of Jesse,
the father of David. Jesus Christ descended from David; so
we see what high honour was bestowed upon Ruth for her
kindness to her mother-in-law.
BOAZ SHOWING KINDNESS TO RUTH.
HANNAH PRAYING BEFORE THE LORD.
THE Tabernacle, which had been set up by the
SI Israelites in the wilderness, was after the conquest
,y of Canaan erected at Shiloh, a city about ten miles
south of Shechem. There it remained for more than
three hundred years. No Temple was at Jerusalem in
those days, so the Jewish priests offered sacrifices to God in
the Tabernacle at Shiloh.
One day, Hannah, the wife of a priest named Elkanah,
came to the Tabernacle to worship. She was grieved because
she had no children; and especially sad because she had no
son. So she knelt down and prayed to God, and asked God
to remember her sorrow and to give her a son; promising
that if God granted her request, she would give that son to
Him all the days of his life.
As Hannah prayed, Eli, the high-priest, saw her. She
did not speak aloud, but prayed in her heart; her lips moved,
but no voice was heard ; so Eli thought that a drunken woman
had come before the Lord. He reproved her saying, "How long
wilt thou be drunken? Put away thy wine from thee." But
Hannah had not drunk wine. She answered Eli, "No, my lord,
I am a woman of a sorrowful spirit. I have drunk neither
wine nor strong drink, but have poured out my soul before
the Lord." Then Eli bade her Go in peace, and the God of
Israel grant thee thy petition that thou hast asked of Him."
Hannah left the Tabernacle. Her face was no longer sad.
She believed God had heard her prayer; and He had done
so. In due time a son was given her, whom she named Samuel.
Samuel means Heard of God, which name Hannah gave him
'in remembrance of God's goodness in hearing her prayer.
HANNAII PRAYING BEFORE THE LORD.
ELI AND SAMUEL.
1 LKANAH went up to Shiloh yearly to offer
''i sacrifice; and when Samuel was old enough,
S Hannah went with her husband and took her
i.>little boy with her. They came to Eli, the high-
priest, and Hannah said: "Oh, my Lord, I am
- the woman that stood by thee here praying. For
this child I prayed ; and the Lord hath given me
my petition. Therefore also have I given him to the Lord."
Then she left Samuel with Eli.
Samuel assisted Eli in the Tabernacle service, and wore a
linen ephod like a priest. His mother came yearly to see him,
when she accompanied Elkanah to the sacrifice at Shiloh, and
each time brought with her a little coat, which she had made-
for her son. Eli was an old man, who had two wicked sons.
These he had not restrained as he should have done. So Gods
was displeased with him and them on account of their sins.
One night, while the lamp in the Tabernacle was burning,
and Eli was resting, Samuel was sleeping. A voice came to
him calling, Samuel! He rose, and ran to Eli saying,
" Here am I." But Eli had not called, so Samuel lay down
again. A second time the same voice called, Samuel! He
went to Eli and said, Here am I; for thou didst call me."
But Eli replied, I called not, my son; lie down again." The
call was repeated a third time; then Eli told Samuel it was
the Lord who called him; and bade him answer if the voice
came again, Speak, Lord, for thy servant heareth." Again
God called, and Samuel answered as Eli had commanded him-
Then God told Samuel what terrible things should befall Eli.
and his sons through their wickedness.
SAMUEL COMING TO ELI
SAMUEL COMIING TO ELI.
DEATH OF ELI AND HIS SONS.
'- N the morning Samuel feared to tell Eli what the
Lord had shown him; but Eli bade him do so,
S saying to Samuel, "God do so to thee, and
more also, if thou hide any thing from me of all
that He said unto thee." So Samuel told Eli all
God had said, keeping nothing back, and Eli answered, It
is the Lord: let Him do what seemeth Him good."
Afterwards there was war between the Israelites and the
Philistines, and both sides prepared for battle. They fought;
the Israelites were defeated, and many of them slain. Then
they sent to Shiloh and fetched the ark of the covenant out
of the Tabernacle, carrying it to the camp, and thinking that
if the ark were with them they would overcome their enemies.
But the ark only signified God's presence in their midst; it
was not God Himself, to give them victory. It was very
sinful of them thus to use what God had made so holy; and
God suffered them again to be defeated. The ark was taken
by the Philistines, and many of the Israelites were slain.
Eli, who was then ninety-eight years old, and nearly
blind, sat by the wayside, trembling for the safety of the ark,
and waiting for messengers to bring news of the battle.
Presently a messenger came who told him the Israelites had
fled before the Philistines, that his two sons Hophni and
Phinehas were slain, and that the ark of God had been taken.
When he heard that the ark had been taken, he fell backward
from off his seat and died. Thus God's judgment upon Eli
and his sons came to pass. In our picture we see the messenger,
who has just come from the field of battle, telling Eli the sad
tidings that caused his death.
ELI RECEIVING THE EVIL TIDINGS.
PLAYING ON THE HARP BEFORE SAUL.
E are not told much in the Bible concerning the
early life of David. He was born in Bethlehem.
We have seen who his father was, but I do not
-g-- find that his mother's name is given. His own name
means beloved." What a happy name! He must
have been much loved by his parents, and we know he was
loved by God.
Like many other youths in Canaan, he acted as a shepherd
to his father's flocks. He was a fair, open-faced boy; ruddy,
and of a beautiful countenance, and goodly to look at," so the
Scriptures say. He was a good musician, knew how to sling
stones at a mark, and was so brave that when a lion and a
bear came to attack the lambs of his flock he went after them
and killed them both. One day a strange and most important
event happened. Samuel, the prophet, came from Ramah, and
pouring some very precious oil upon the head of David,
anointed him to be the future King of Israel. Saul was then
King, but on account of his wickedness God had rejected him,
saying that another should reign in his stead.
Soon after this event Saul became very wretched. An
evil spirit troubled him, we are told. His servants advised
him to get a man that could play skilfully upon the harp, so that
music might drive away his misery. Some one suggested
David; and David was sent for. He brought sweet strains from
his harp, and Saul was soothed. Saul was pleased with David.
We are told that he loved him greatly," and that David became
his armour-bearer. But he soon grew jealous, and twice threw
a javelin at David, seeking to smite him to the wall and kill
him. This, however, he was not able to do.
DAVID PLAYING ON THE HARP BEFORE SAUL.
DAVID AND GOLIATH.
f OW attentively David looks at the stones in his
hand. His sling is on his arm, and his bag by
his side. What is he about to do with those
stones ? And who is that tall man in armour, strutting
about with such a long spear in his hand?
Two armies were drawn up in battle array. They
were the armies of the Israelites and Philistines. The camp
of the Israelites was on one hill, and that of the Philistines
was upon another; a valley lying between. For forty days
these armies had been facing each other, but yet the battle had
been delayed. The Philistines had on their side a giant of
great height and strength, encased in armour, who daily came
out, challenging the Israelites to send a man from their camp
to fight with him. But no man among them dared to go
against Goliath, the Philistines' champion.
Meanwhile Jesse had sent David to the Israelites' camp,
to see after his brethren. He heard what the giant said, and
offered to go out against him. Saul was informed of David's
offer, and sent for him. Saul told David he was not able to
fight the giant, but he boldly replied, "The Lord which
delivered me out of the paw of the lion and out of the paw of
the bear, He will deliver me out of the hand of this Philistine."
David trusted not in his own power, but in God! Then Saul
said, Go, and the Lord be with thee."
He went, slung one of the smooth stones he had chosen
out of thq brook, smote the Philistine in the forehead so that
he fell to the earth, and then ran and cut off his head. Thus
God enabled this ruddy youth to overcome the giant Philistine,
and to slay him with a sling and a stone.
CHOOSING SMOOTH STONES OUT OF THE BROOK.
'*i 'j .T '
, IJ ,
NATHAN REPROVING THE KING.
a.\, D TAVID was now King. He had great riches and
Shonour, and a palace had been built for him.
'L He had brought the ark from Kirjath-jearim, and
'A placed it in the tabernacle prepared for it at
Jerusalem, and he now reigned over all the people
of Israel and Judah. But David did a very wicked
thing. He took the wife of Uriah the Hittite for
his wife, and caused Uriah to be slain. God was
displeased at what he had done, and sent Nathan the prophet
to reprove him.
Nathan's reproof was given by a parable. It was a story
of a poor man who had one dear little lamb. It grew up in
his house, played with his children, and was very precious to
him. But one day a traveller came to a rich neighbour, who
possessed great flocks and herds, and this neighbour, instead
of killing one of his own lambs and setting it before his guest,
sent and took the poor man's lamb and killed it.
David heard the story, and was very angry. He said the
rich man should die, and the lamb taken away should be
restored fourfold. Then Nathan, looking at the King, said:
" Thou art the man! He showed David how greatly he had
sinned, and told him that trouble and sorrow would come upon
him for what he had done. God had given him riches and
honour, and all that he could wish for; yet he had taken the
one precious thing of Uriah's, even his wife, and had caused
him to be slain. David was sorely grieved when he saw how
wickedly he had acted. He confessed his sin to God, and God
forgave it; but great trouble came upon the King afterwards
through this crime.
" THOU ART THE MIAN!
DAVID AND ARAUNAH.
F AFTER David had reigned many years he numbered
.I,,'. the people of Israel. This was wrong; and God
sent a pestilence which destroyed seventy thousand
-_ men. David was grieved, and prayed that God would
punish him and spare the people. God stayed the
6F hand of the destroying angel; who stood by the
threshing-floor of Araunah, whither David was told to go
and offer sacrifice. David went. He purchased the threshing-
floor of Araunah, also oxen and wood, and offered a burnt
sacrifice to God. The following verses describe the scene:-
B ESIDE Araunah's threshing-place
The awful angel took his stand,
When from high Heaven came words
"It is enough ; stay now thine hand."
For David's penitential prayer
Had enter'd God's compassionate ear;
And where the angel stood, even there
God bade the King an altar rear.
Araunah offered ground, and wood,
And oxen for the sacrifice:
David the noble wish withstood,
And bought them all at the full price.
His answer has a royal ring;
Its lesson high shall not be lost':
"Burnt-offerings I will never bring
Unto Jehovah without cost."
The altar rose, the victims died,
The plague was stayed, and lo, there
Token that Heaven was satisfied-
A fire from God, and all was well.
'Twas like a finger from the skies-
That falling fire-to show God's will,
That here the Temple should arise
And crown Moriah's sacred hilL
And still God marks the faithful prayer,
The careful work, the costly pains;
The Spirit's fire descendeth there,
And there, as in a shrine, remains.
RICHARD WILTON, M.A.
DAVID AND ARAUNAH.
~ f"' -
ELIJAH FED BY RAVENS.
OD was displeased with King Ahab, and sent
-" ,1 His prophet, Elijah the Tishbite, to say unto
^. him, "As the Lord God of Israel liveth there
._' .' shall not be dew nor rain for years in all Israel."
.. God knew that these words would make Ahab
angry with Elijah, so He commanded Elijah to get out of
Ahab's way. Get thee hence, and turn thee eastward, and
hide thyself by the brook Cherith, that is before Jordan. And
it shall be, that thou shalt drink of the brook; and I have
commanded the ravens to feed thee there."
Elijah went, and the ravens brought him bread and
meat, morning and evening, and he drank of the brook. But
after many days the brook dried up, and God told him to go
to Zarephath where a widow would sustain him. So he arose
and went to Zarephath. When he came to the gate of the
city he saw the widow gathering sticks; and called to her, say-
ing, Bring me, I pray thee, a little water in a vessel, that I
may drink, and a morsel of bread in thy hand, that I may eat.'"
The widow turned and said, "As the Lord thy God
liveth, I have not a cake, but only a handful of meal, and
a little oil in a cruse; and, behold, I am gathering a few
sticks, that I may go in and bake it for me and my son, that
we may eat it before we starve to death." Elijah told her not
to fear, but to make a cake for him, and, afterwards, one for
her son and herself, for God had said that neither her handful
of meal nor her cruse of oil should fail until He again sent
rain upon the earth. So she did as Elijah told her, and there
was always enough oil and meal for their daily food, according
to the word of the Lord which He sDake by Elijah.
-- I r .--
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ELIJAIH FD BY RAVENS..
PLOUGHING IN CANAAN.
i I N Scripture frequent mention is made of the husband-
man and his work. Ploughing the land, sowing
Sthe seed, reaping- the harvest, and winnowing the
7 grain are often referred to. Our picture shows an
T Eastern husbandman ploughing. How different it
is to ploughing in our own land There is no
coulter; and instead of the broad steel loughl-share
we see a pointed piece of wood. And the long handles with
which our labourers guide their ploughs-where are they?
The strong horses, too, harnessed one behind the other, are
missing. Yes I none of these were used in Canaan. Small oxen
drew the plough; and the husbandman guided it by means of a
single handle, as we see him doing in the picture. Thus their
method of ploughing was a slow one, and unless the land had
been very good their harvests would have been poor.
Often these husbandmen had to wait until the rain made
the ground soft enough for their ploughs to enter it, conse-
.quently many had to toil in cold, stormy, winter weather. To
this the proverb alludes which says : The sluggard will not
plough by reason of the cold; therefore shall he beg in harvest,
.and have nothing." (Prov. xx. 4.)
Perhaps it was just such a plough, drawn by just such
,oxen as we see in our picture, that Elisha was using when
Elijah passed by and cast his mantle upon him; thereby
,calling Elisha to be his servant and successor. We are told
,that Elisha took a yoke of oxen, and slew them, and boiled
-their flesh with the instruments of the oxen, and gave unto
the people, and they did eat. Then he arose, and went after
Elijah, and ministered unto him."
I. A __
rll~l~~a, ~ a 'I
PLOUGHING IN CANAAN.
THE SHUNAMMITE'S SON.
*- 1M ANY interesting stories are told in the Bible, few
._ V of which are more touching than that of Elisha
the prophet, and the Shunammite woman. This
Story we find in the fourth chapter of the Second
gi. Book of Kings.
We read of the prophet journeying to and
fro, and resting in the little chamber that the kind
Shunammite had built for him on the wall of her house. We
see its bed, table, stool, and candlestick; and the joy beaming
upon the good woman's face when a tiny infant son was given
her. How she loved him! And as he grew up how carefully
she watched over him. But a sad time was coming.
The golden corn was in the field ready for reaping, for
the harvest time had come. The hot sun shone overhead, and
the little lad was out with his father in the field, probably
running about among the corn. Suddenly he felt a violent
pain, and cried out, "My head, my head!" Then joy was
changed to sorrow. The father saw his son was ill, and bade
a lad carry the little boy to his mother, on whose knees he sat
till noon, and then he died.
Next we see the mother leaving her dead son, and
journeying to find the prophet. Elisha sees her coming, and
sends Gehazi to inquire if all is well. Then she falls down
before the prophet and tells him her trouble; and he sends
his servant with his staff to lay it upon the dead child. The
story closes by stating how Elisha follows Gehazi, goes to the
chamber where the dead boy lay, prays to God that the life
may be restored, and finally has the joy of giving the lad, alive
and well again, into the.arms of his mother.
~ F~' ~ ,I- 1
!. I .I';
THE SHUNAMMITE'S SON RESTORED.
-- ;--_-- ----1~-~- ij-
THE LITTLE CAPTIVE MAID.
S-^-; AAMAN was a great general in the army of the
1 King of Syria, who esteemed him highly,
"2 because it was Naaman that led the Syrians
when God gave them victory over the Israelites.
S But in spite of his bravery and his high position,
he was miserable, because he suffered from a terrible
disease called leprosy. Now, among the captives whom the
Syrians had brought back from war was a little Israelitish
maiden, who was appointed to wait upon Naaman's wife.
She had heard of the wonderful things which Elisha did in
the name of God ; and she told her mistress that if Naaman
could only see this prophet, who was in Samaria, he could be
cured. And the King was told what the maid had said, and
he sent a letter to the King of Israel commanding him to cure
Naaman of his leprosy. But the King of Israel was afraid,
and thought the King of Syria sought this way to quarrel
with him. When Elisha heard of the King's fear, he sent
and desired that Naaman should be brought to him. So
Naaman came in his chariot, and stood at Elisha's door. But
the prophet instead of coming to him, sent a message directing
Naaman to wash in Jordan seven times, when his leprous
flesh would be restored to health. Naaman had thought
that Elisha would have received him with much ceremony
and touched him, bidding the leprosy to depart; so he was
angry, and said, "Are not the rivers of Damascus better than
all the waters of Israel? May I not wash in them and be
clean ? Therefore he went away in a rage. But his servants
persuaded him to carry out the prophet's injunction, and he
went and dipped seven times in Jordan, and was made whole.
THE LITTLE CAPTIVE MAID.
JONAH AT NINEVEH.
J. ONAH was commanded to go to Nineveh, and
J cry out that the city should be destroyed on
account of the wickedness of its inhabitants.
.i But instead of obeying God's command he fled in a
S ship that was bound for Tarshish. Then a great
i storm arose, and the shipmen cast Jonah into the
sea, believing that the storm had been sent through
his disobedience. God saved Jonah by means of a large fish,
and brought him safely to land again.
A second time God said to Jonah, "Arise, go unto
Nineveh, that great city, and preach unto it the preaching that
I bid thee." So Jonah arose and went as God had directed
him. Now Nineveh was a very large city, about sixty miles
in circumference, and Jonah went some distance inside and
then cried out, "Yet forty days and Nineveh shall be over-
thrown!" It was a strange and terrible cry which sounded
throughout the city, and as the Ninevites heard it they feared
God, proclaimed a fast, covered themselves with sackcloth, and
every man was commanded to forsake evil. So they hoped
God would forgive them and spare their city.
God saw what they did and how they turned from their
evil ways, therefore He spared their city. When Jonah saw
that Nineveh was spared he was very angry, and prayed God
to take away his life. He made a booth and sat under it to see
what would become of the city. Then God sheltered him
from the sun by a gourd, and afterwards taught him by it
how wrong he was in being displeased because Nineveh had
been spared. Nineveh was afterwards overthrown, and has
remained since then but a heap of ruins.
. i. e.;"* ,? -
JONAH AT NINEVEH.
HEZEKIAH AND SENNACHERIB.
S ENNACHERIB, the King of Assyria, invaded the
land of Judah, and threatened to lay siege to
Jerusalem. Then Hezekiah took counsel with his
princes and mighty men, and repaired the broken
walls, and made them higher. He made many other
preparations for the defence of the city, and went among
his people, exhorting them to trust in God, and be of good
courage. But Sennacherib sent messengers to induce those
that guarded the walls of the city to revolt against Hezekiah,
saying, Do not believe this Hezekiah when he tells you that
your God will deliver you; hath any of the nations against
which I have made war been delivered by their gods ? "
When Hezekiah heard these words he went into the house
of the Lord, and sent messengers to Isaiah, asking for his
prayers. Isaiah said to them, "Thus saith the Lord, 'Be not
afraid of the words with which the King of Assyria hath
blasphemed Me. I will send a blast upon him, and he shall
return and shall fall by the sword in his own land.' After-
wards the King of Assyria sent a letter to Hezekiah, in
which he repeated his sneers at the power of God. When
Hezekiah read it, he went into the house of the Lord, and
spreading the letter before the Lord, prayed for His help.
God answered, by the mouth of Isaiah, that the King of
Assyria should not enter Jerusalem, nor shoot over it, but be
turned back the way he came. And the same night the angel
of the Lord went into the camp of the Assyrians, and smote
one hundred and eighty-five thousand. Then Sennacherib
returned to Nineveh, and as he was worshipping in the house
of his god, there came to him two of his sons, who killed him.
I'5 .1 i,
HEZEKIAII LAYING THE LETTER BEFORE GOD.
THE BRAVE HEBREW BOYS. \
B RAVE boys and girls I We all wish to be brave,
S 'D do we not ? Then we must learn to say No,"
S when tempted to do wrong.
These Hebrew boys were young nobles who
Shad been carried captive from Jerusalem to
Babylon; but though in a strange land, subject to
the mighty king Nebuchadnezzar, they feared not to refuse his
food and wine when they knew that the taking of it would
cause them to sin against God. They were well educated
Hebrew youths, and the Babylonish king had commanded that
they should be taught the learning of the Chaldeans; also, to
keep them in health and with beautiful countenances, he had
ordered that the meat and wine from his table should be
given them. Their names were Daniel, Hananiah, Mishael,
and Azariah. Daniel seems to have been their leader. We
find he purposed in his heart that he would not defile himself
with the portion of the king's meat, nor with the wine which
he drank." So he begged the king's servant to feed him and
his three companions on plain food and pure water; but the
servant feared to do so, lest the king should find them worse
looking than those who ate his meat and drank his wine, and
the servant should lose his head in consequence. A trial was
made. however, for ten days, at the end of which time they
were found to be better looking than the boys fed on rich
food and wine. Therefore, the servant let them live plainly
according to their request; and at the end of three years, when
they stood before the king, we are told that for wisdom and
understanding none were found like Daniel, Hananiah,
Mishael, and Azariah.
THE BRAVE HEBREW BOYS.
DANIEL AND THE LIONS.
.THEN Darius came to the throne, upon the death
Sof Belshazzar, he set over the kingdom a hundred
and twenty princes. Over these he appointed
.'' three presidents, of whom Daniel was first. Now the
princes and other presidents were jealous of Daniel,
and sought to find some fault against him; but
could not, as he was a faithful servant of the King. Then
they tried to injure him because of his praying to God. So
they came to the King, and said, King Darius live for ever:
all the great officers of thy kingdom have consulted together to
establish a royal law, that whosoever shall ask a petition of
any god or man for thirty days, save of thee, O King, he shall
be cast into the den of lions." The King signed the writing
and established the law. But Daniel still knelt and prayed
three times a day as before.
His enemies saw him praying, and told the King, urging
him to carry out the law. But the King was angry with him-
self that he had agreed to such a law, and tried to think of
some way to save Daniel. Then these men urged that the law
could not be altered. So Daniel was cast into the den of lions,
and a stone was put over the mouth of the den, which was
sealed by the King and the lords. But the King had said to
Daniel, "Thy God whom thou servest will deliver thee."
The King passed the night fasting, and could not
sleep. In the morning very early, he arose and went to the
den of lions, and cried with a lamentable voice, Daniel,
servant of the living God, is thy God able to deliver thee
from the lions?" Then Daniel said, "0 King, live for ever.
My God hath sent His angel and shut the lions' mouths."
DANIEL AND THE LIONS.
: \\ r**-
^' '. -.
ESTHER BEFORE THE KING.
A HASUERUS reigned over the vast empire of
I Persia, and Esther, the adopted daughter of a
Jew named Mordecai, was Queen. None in the
palace knew she was a Jewess, for Mordecai had
S. -^- charged her not to make it known. He abode in
the king's palace, and was one of the king's
---- '- .servants.
Ahasuerus promoted Haman, one of his courtiers, a cruel
and wicked man, to be over all his princes and officers; and all
bowed down to Haman and did him reverence except Mordecai,
the Jew. Then was Haman filled with wrath against Mordecai
and his people, and obtained from the king a decree ordering
that all the Jews throughout his dominions should be slain.
Mordecai informed Queen Esther of this decree, and bade her
go to the king and plead for her people. Now it was one of
the laws of the palace that no one should approach the king in
the inner court unless he had been previously called; the
penalty for not obeying this law being death, unless the king
should hold out the golden sceptre to the offender so that he
might live. Esther knew the danger of approaching the king
uncalled for, but she bade Mordecai to gather the Jews so that
they might spend three days in fasting and prayer, while she
and her maidens did the same, and, said she, So will I go in
unto the king, which is not according to the law, and if I
perish, I perish."
Esther went in. The king graciously held out the
golden sceptre to her, accepted her invitation to a banquet,
and finally ordered the wicked Haman to be hanged, and
measures to be taken to preserve the lives of the Jews.
ESTHER BEFORE THE KING.
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DAVID AND JONATHAN.
JONATHAN was the son of Saul, the king. He
Loved David greatly, and regretted that his father,
through jealousy, sought David's life. David, after
the last attempt of Saul to smite him to the wall by
a javelin, fled away, and meeting with Jonathan said:
'4 What have I done? What is mine iniquity, and
what is my sin before thy father that he seeketh my life ? "
Jonathan sympathised deeply with his friend, and tried
to save him. He promised to ascertain whether Saul fully
intended to kill David, and, if so, to inform him, that he
might escape. Meantime David was to remain in hiding, but
on the third day Jonathan was to return with the required
information. Before they parted they entered into a solemn
covenant, one with the other, to remain firm friends during
life; and David promised to show kindness to Jonathan and
his children, after God should make him king.
At the time appointed, after ascertaining that Saul still
sought David's life, Jonathan went to the field where David
lay concealed. Jonathan took with him his bow and arrows
and a little lad. Shooting an arrow beyond the lad, he cried,
"Make speed, haste, stay not I These words were intended
as a warning to David to flee quickly. When the lad had
gone, David arose from his hiding place and came to Jonathan,
bowing three times before him. Then they kissed each other,
wept, and again pledged themselves to be faithful; after which
David fled, and Jonathan returned to the city.
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