Front Cover
 Title Page
 Ruth gleaning in the field
 A street in an Eastern city
 The river Nile
 The birth of Jesus
 A lame man healed
 Crown of thorns
 A Jewish priest at the altar
 Jesus at Jerusalem when twelve...
 David playing before Saul
 The high priest
 Joshua commanding the sun and moon...
 Moses and Joshua coming down from...
 Daniel and his companions before...
 Ishmael and Hagar in the deser...
 The offering of the Princes for...
 The mother of Jesus and her...
 Rahab hiding the spies
 Hezekiah spreading the letter before...
 Dedication of the Temple
 The apostle Paul at Melita, or...
 Solomon, the wise king
 Jesus and the fishermen
 Washing the disciples' feet
 The pool of Siloam
 Little children brought to...
 The lost lamb found
 Reading the Bible in Hebrew from...
 Elijah taken to Heaven without...
 A well in the desert
 The little captive maid
 Back Cover

Group Title: Bible stories series
Title: The prodigal son and other stories
Full Citation
Permanent Link: http://ufdc.ufl.edu/UF00088861/00001
 Material Information
Title: The prodigal son and other stories
Series Title: Bible stories series
Physical Description: 1 v. (unpaged) : ill. ; 20 cm.
Language: English
Creator: Fleming H. Revell Company ( Publisher )
Publisher: Fleming H. Revell Company
Place of Publication: Chicago ;
New York ;
Publication Date: 1899
Subject: Bible stories, English -- Juvenile literature   ( lcsh )
Publishers' advertisements -- 1886   ( rbgenr )
Bldn -- 1899
Genre: Publishers' advertisements   ( rbgenr )
non-fiction   ( marcgt )
Spatial Coverage: United States -- Illinois -- Chicago
United States -- New York -- New York
Canada -- Toronto
General Note: Publisher's advertisements follow text.
 Record Information
Bibliographic ID: UF00088861
Volume ID: VID00001
Source Institution: University of Florida
Rights Management: All rights reserved by the source institution and holding location.
Resource Identifier: aleph - 002236321
notis - ALH6792
oclc - 265753819

Table of Contents
    Front Cover
        Page 1
        Page 2
        Page 3
        Page 4
    Title Page
        Page 5
    Ruth gleaning in the field
        Page 6
        Page 7
        Page 8
        Page 9
    A street in an Eastern city
        Page 10
        Page 11
        Page 12
        Page 13
    The river Nile
        Page 14
        Page 15
        Page 16
        Page 17
    The birth of Jesus
        Page 18
        Page 19
        Page 20
        Page 21
    A lame man healed
        Page 22
        Page 23
        Page 24
        Page 25
    Crown of thorns
        Page 26
        Page 27
        Page 28
        Page 29
    A Jewish priest at the altar
        Page 30
        Page 31
        Page 32
        Page 33
    Jesus at Jerusalem when twelve years of age
        Page 34
        Page 35
        Page 36
        Page 37
    David playing before Saul
        Page 38
        Page 39
        Page 40
        Page 41
    The high priest
        Page 42
        Page 43
        Page 44
        Page 45
    Joshua commanding the sun and moon to stand still
        Page 46
        Page 47
        Page 48
        Page 49
    Moses and Joshua coming down from Mount Sinai
        Page 50
        Page 51
        Page 52
        Page 53
    Daniel and his companions before the King of Babylon
        Page 54
        Page 55
        Page 56
        Page 57
    Ishmael and Hagar in the desert
        Page 58
        Page 59
        Page 60
        Page 61
    The offering of the Princes for the service of the tabernacle
        Page 62
        Page 63
        Page 64
        Page 65
    The mother of Jesus and her child
        Page 66
        Page 67
        Page 68
        Page 69
    Rahab hiding the spies
        Page 70
        Page 71
        Page 72
        Page 73
    Hezekiah spreading the letter before the Lord
        Page 74
        Page 75
        Page 76
        Page 77
    Dedication of the Temple
        Page 78
        Page 79
        Page 80
        Page 81
    The apostle Paul at Melita, or Malta
        Page 82
        Page 83
        Page 84
        Page 85
    Solomon, the wise king
        Page 86
        Page 87
        Page 88
        Page 89
    Jesus and the fishermen
        Page 90
        Page 91
        Page 92
        Page 93
    Washing the disciples' feet
        Page 94
        Page 95
        Page 96
        Page 97
    The pool of Siloam
        Page 98
        Page 99
        Page 100
        Page 101
    Little children brought to Jesus
        Page 102
        Page 103
        Page 104
        Page 105
    The lost lamb found
        Page 106
        Page 107
        Page 108
        Page 109
    Reading the Bible in Hebrew from the rolls
        Page 110
        Page 111
        Page 112
        Page 113
    Elijah taken to Heaven without dying
        Page 114
        Page 115
        Page 116
        Page 117
    A well in the desert
        Page 118
        Page 119
        Page 120
        Page 121
    The little captive maid
        Page 122
        Page 123
        Page 124
        Page 125
        Page 126
    Back Cover
        Page 127
        Page 128
        Page 129
Full Text




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Bible Stories Series
Favorite Bible Stories for young folks-
bright and attractive in literary style,
fully illustrated and entirely free from
denominational bias.
The Good Shepherd.
The Life of David.
The Prodigal Son and Other
The Children of the Bible.
Early Bible History.
Stories of Palestine.
Chicago, New York, Toronto.

The Prodigal Son

and Other


-ruirol ir r7ru lRRY

Chicago, New York, Toronto
Fleming H. Revell Company


URING a famine in the land of
Irsael, many of the people left the
country, and lived for a time in
other lands. Among the number, was a
man named Elimelech, who left Bethlehem
with his wife, Naomi, and two sons, for the
land of Moab. They had not been there
long when Elimelech died, and Naomi was a
widow in a strange land. One trouble is
often followed by another. Her two sons,
who had married, were now taken sick, and
both of them died. Naomi, a widow, and
childless, was desolate; she had lived in
Moab more than ten years, and, on hearing
that the famine was over in her own land, left
Moab with her two daughters-in-law to go to
Bethlehem. They had not got far on their
journey, when Naomi told Orpah and Ruth,
her sons' wives, that it would be better for
them to return and stay with their parents;
that she was a widow and could not help
them now. Orpah kissed her mother-in-law
and went back to Moab, but Ruth would
not leave Naomi; she had heard so much

Ruth Gleaning in the Field.

about the God of Israel, that she wanted to
know more, and she said: "Thy people
shall be my people, and -thy God my God."
Naomi could say no more, so they both came
to Bethlehem late in the spring, about the
time of barley harvest. Naomi had not been
forgotten by her old neighbors, for the Bible
says "all the city was moved about them,
and they said, Is this Naomi ? Whether she
was altered or not, we are not told, but
Naomi, thinking about the death of her hus-
band and children, replied: Call me not
Naomi (pleasant), but call me Mara (bitter),
for the Almighty hath dealt very bitterly
with me; I went out full, and the Lord hath
brought me home again empty." A few
days after they had been settled in their new
home, Ruth went out to glean in the fields,
to pick up the ears of corn which were left by
the reapers. God so ordered it that she was
gleaning in a field which belonged to Boaz, a
relation of Naomi's husband. While in the
field, Boaz came from Bethlehem, and said
unto the reapers: "The Lord be with you,"
and they answered him: "The Lord bless

Ruth Gleaning in the Field.

thee." We do not read of any such greet-
ings between master and servant now. Boaz
saw Ruth and asked who she was. The
overseer of the reapers told him that it was
Ruth, who came from Moab with Naomi.
Boaz went to the part of the field where Ruth
was gleaning, told her not to go to any other
field, but to keep with his reapers, and that
when she was hungry or thirsty she might
take of the food which was provided, and
drink of that which the young men had
brought. She was so much surprised at the
kindness of Boaz, that she asked him why he
was so kind to a stranger. Boaz replied that
he knew all about her history, and her kind-
ness to her mother-in-law since the death of
her husband. He also told the reapers to let
her glean among the sheaves (which was not
allowed), and to let a handful of corn fall now
and then on purpose for her. Ruth had been
kind to Naomi, the widow, and God re-
warded her by raising up friends in a strange
land. She became the wife of Boaz, and
grandmother of David, the good king of


M F some young people would read
more about the manners and customs
of the people in the East, they would
understand the Bible better. The cities,
towns, and villages, in the old world, are so
different from those in which we live. The
habits of the people, their dress, and their
modes of living are nearly the same as they
were thousands of years ago. A street in an
Eastern city loocs like anything but a street
to us. It is so narrow that our wagons or
carriages would block up the way. The
streets in old cities appear to have been
named. Jeremiah had some bread every day
from the Baker's Street, in Jerusalem. Saul
of Tarsus was staying at the house of Judas,
who lived in Straight Street, Damascus. Some
of the streets, at the end near the gate of the
city, opened into a large square. In this
square, Ezra the priest read the Law of the
Lord." "-And Ezra the priest brought the
*. l '

A Street in an Eastern City.

law before the congregation. And he read
therein, before the street that was before the
water gate, from the morning until midday,
before the men and the women, and those that
could understand." The streets in Jerusalem'
now are not more than ten feet wide. The
houses often meet, and sometimes a building
takes up both sides of the street. In walking
down many of the streets, you would pass
under a number of arches, which are hardly
high enough for a man on horseback to ride
under. Where there are no arches, old mats
or planks are placed across to screen the
passers-by from the sun. Of course this
gives the streets a gloomy appearance. Very
few of the streets have a name, and all are
badly paved. The houses have very few win-
dows next the street; those that are made for
light and air are covered with lattice-work,
like the window over the archway, as seen in
the picture. All the houses are built of stone.
Some of them are so old that if one of the
rooms should happen to tumble down, the
owner only removes to another part of the
house. The inhabitants of Jerusalem have

A Street in an Eastern City.

not the least idea of keeping a house in repair.
The streets in the cities and towns of Persia
are narrow, crooked, and badly paved, dusty
in summer and muddy in winter. The Per-
sians have no vehicles on wheels,.so they are
not at all particular about their streets. On
either side are mud walls not more than fifteen
feet high, with here and there low doors
which serve as an opening to the house. The
wealth or poverty of the owner is told by the
size of the door. A large high gate leads to
a rich man's dwelling, but a very low door to
the dwelling of the poor. Sometimes over
the door is a small latticed window. A low,
narrow doorway is called a needle's eye. In
the villages the houses are placed close to-
gether for security, and as the roofs are all
flat, it is perfectly easy for any one to walk
through the length of the village without go-
ing into the street.


HE two principal rivers mentioned in
the Bible are the river Nile in
Egypt, and the river Jordan in Pal-
estine or the Holy Land. Both rivers are
celebrated, and are visited by thousands of'
people every year. The Israelites marched
from the Nile to the Jordan, on their way
from Egypt to the promised land. The Nile
is the river of Egypt whose waters were
turned to blood by God's command, when
the proud king Pharaoh would not let the
people of Israel go. "And all the waters
that were in the river were turned into blood.
And the fish that was in -the river died."
"And all the Egyptians digged round about
the river for water to drink; for they could
not drink of the water of the river." This
must have been a terrible punishment, for
"the ancient Egyptians worshiped the river
Nile, they called it their god, they prayed
to it, and even their kings made offerings to

The River Nile.

it." The Nile is thought by some to be the
most useful river in the world. In many
parts of Egypt it never rains, and the whole
country would be a dry and barren wilder-
ness if the waters of the Nile did not rise
so high, that the banks are overflowed, and
the land on each side is under water for
about two months every year. When the
water has gone back to its proper channel,
the corn and seeds are sown; these in that
climate soon begin to sprout, and there is
an abundant harvest. So much of a cer-
tain kind of mud is left on the land by the
overflowing of the Nile, that no manure is
wanted, and more corn is grown in this won-
derful country, or more corn was grown, than
in many places where they had plenty of rain.
On this river Moses was placed by his mo-
ther, and was seen by the king's daughter,
who brought him up as her son. Along the
shores of the Nile grew the papyrus plant,
of which the Egyptians made many useful
articles of wicker-work-baskets, boats, and
a material used as paper came from this use-
ful plant. On the banks of the Nile were

The River Nile.

seen the pyramids or burial places of the
kings of Egypt who reigned thousands of
years ago. The houses of the dead are left
for us to look at, but the houses of the living
are all gone. In many of the tombs of the
great men are to be seen paintings on the
walls, giving us some idea of the men who
then lived, what they did for themselves or
their country. Other paintings represent the
shepherds as a set of dirty, deformed, misera-
ble-looking men, clothed in rags, and made
to appear as wretched as possible. This
proves the truth of the Bible, for in the time
of Joseph, we are told, "every shepherd is
an abomination to the Egyptians." In one
painting is seen the way in which bread was
made, and the manner of carrying it on the
head in wicker baskets, as the chief baker
did, who told his dream to Joseph, when he
was in the prison. The old temples and old
tombs on this ancient river have been looked
into by men from every country, but nothing
has been found to prove that the Bible is not
" the word of God."


OME little children do not exactly
understand how it was that an
angel should appear to the shep-
herds, while they were keeping watch over
their flocks by night, and that this should
happen at Christmas time, when we have
such cold weather. This will not appear so
very strange after all, if we remember two or
three things. In the land of Palestine, or
the Holy Land, where the Saviour was born,
the winter is not so cold as it is with us.
There is not much frost or snow-in some
seasons none at all. In the middle of their
winter they usually have a few days of very
mild weather, just like our Indian summer,
and at that time flocks can be out all night
without harm to the sheep or the shepherd.
Then we are not sure that the Saviour was
born on the 25th of December, which we
keep as Christmas Day. The exact date is
not known. It may have been sooner or

The Birth of yesus.

later. I do not think the weather was very
cold, for the Bible says that the Saviour was
born in a stable, as there was no room for
Mary, his mother, in the inn; the rooms were
all full. If the weather had been very cold
some other arrangement would have been
made, and certainly the flocks would not have
been out all night. The shepherds saw a
bright light called "The glory of the Lord,"
and an angel came close to them, and they
were sore afraid." It was night, everything
was quiet, and a very bright light, coming all
at once, without any warning, would make
them start. The angel told them not to be
afraid, for he brought good tidings to all
people: that "in Bethlehem, the city of
David, was born a Saviour, which is Christ
the Lord." The angel told them, also, where
they could find the Saviour. He had scarcely
finished speaking to the shepherds when there
was with the angel a vast number of angels,
"praising God, and saying, Glory to God in
the highest, and on earth peace, good will
toward men." If the angels in heaven could
praise God for a Saviour, surely we should

The Birth of yesus.

praise Him, who have so much need of par-
don. When the angels had gone back to
heaven, the shepherds said to each other:
"Let us now go even unto Bethlehem, and
see this thing which is now come to pass,
which the Lord hath made known unto us.
And they came with haste." They left their
flocks, thinking that God would take care of
them. They had often heard about a Saviour
who was expected to come; now they had
been told by an angel that he was come; so
they hurried to the city to see the Saviour.
They saw Him, with Mary His mother, in the
very place so well pointed out by the angel.
And when they had seen Jesus themselves
they told others what the angel had told
them "concerning this child." The birth of
Christ was not made known, first of all, to a
king or to some great and powerful prince,
but to a few shepherds who were taking care
of the sheep. They were thankful for what
they heard and what they had seen. And the
shepherds returned, glorifying and praising
God for all the things they had heard and


HEN the apostles were on the earth
there were no hospitals for the sick
or lame. The sick poor were often
laid at the gate of a rich man's house, or at
the gate of a temple; so that those who
went into the house or the temple might see
them and give some assistance. One after-
noon, about three o'clock, the hour of prayer,
Peter and John went up together to the tem-
ple. They were about to enter through the
Beautiful gate, which was made of brass, and
very large, where they saw a lame man ly-
ing there, who had been carried by some
friends. The man was too lame to walk or
to work. He saw Peter and John, and asked
them for some money as he had asked other
people who were passing. Peter told him to
look at them. No doubt, the man thought
they were about to give him something worth
having, so he looked very hard at them both.
"Then Peter said, Silver and gold have I

A Lame Man Healed.

none, but in the name of Jesus Christ of
Nazareth, rise up and walk." Peter put out
his hand to help him or to encourage him,
"and immediately his feet and ancle-bones
received strength. And he leaping up stood,
and walked, and entered with them into the
temple, walking, and leaping, and praising
God. And all the people saw him walking
and praising God." The man was so pleased
that he felt inclined to jump as children do
when they hear good news. He had never
walked, for he was born lame, and the plea-
sure of walking was to him so strange, that
he hardly knew how to walk. He thanked
God for his cure, for the people saw him and
heard him. One thing we should not forget,
and that is, that Peter did not cure the man
in his own name; he did not say, "I give
you strength to walk," but, In the name of
Jesus Christ of Nazareth, rise up and walk."
This man may not have seen the Saviour,
although it is very likely that he had heard
much about him, and of his kindness to the
sick. The man believed he could be cured
in that name, for when he tried to get up,

A Lame Man Healed.

he found he could stand, and not only stand,
but walk. It is not said that he thanked the
apostles for his cure. He knew that God
had done it, but he knew, too, that they were
God's servants, and no wonder that he kept
close to them, for he held them, as if he
would not let them go away from him. The
people wondered, they looked at the man,
and then they looked at the apostles; the
news soon spread, till quite a crowd were
gathered in Solomon's porch. Peter was
afraid the people would think that they, the
apostles, had power enough, or holiness
enough, to make the man walk, so he said,
" Ye men of Israel, why marvel ye at this, or
why look ye so earnestly on us, as though by
our own power or holiness we had made
this man to walk. The God of Abraham,
hath glorified his Son, Jesus, and his name,
through faith in his name, hath made this
man strong, whom ye see and know." They
all knew the man was lame, they all could
see that he now could walk, and it was all
done in the name of Jesus.


T the coronation of a king a royal
crown is placed upon his head.
When Joash was crowned, Jehoiada
the priest "brought forth the king's son and
put the crown upon him, and gave him the
testimony; and they made him king and
anointed him; and they clapped their hands
and said, God save the king."
The Bible account of the crucifixion of the
Saviour tells us in very few words what the
enemies of Christ did to mock and insult him
by crowning him with thorns. "And when
they had platted a crown of thorns, they put
it upon his head, and a reed in his right hand:
and they bowed the knee before him, and
mocked him, saying, Hail, King of the Jews! "
The thorny crown was made of a plant which
the Arabs call Nabkar," and found growing
on the hills round Jerusalem.

Crown of Thorns.

Small, sharp spines are on its pliant
branches, while the leaves are dark and
glossy, like the ivy. The Roman soldiers
were accustomed to cruelty; they had no
pity, not even for the Saviour, who was eon-
demned to the death of the cross though
innocent of any crime. Even Pilate, the
Roman governor, went out again unto the
Jews, and saith unto them, I find in him no
fault at all."
Pilate was the judge, and he was so cer-
tain that Jesus was not guilty of breaking
any law, that he wanted to release him and
let him go. The Jews answered him, We
have a law, and by our law he ought to
die, because he made himself the Son of
Christ was the Son of God, for a voice
was heard from heaven which said, "This is
my beloved Son, hear ye him."

" The head that once was crowned with thorns,
Is crowned with glory now."

In the Bible, crowns are often spoken of,

Crown of Thorns.

but not in every place as the head-dress of
a king. Coronets, bands, mitres, or gar-
lands were called crowns. The crown worn
by the high priest was a fillet, or diadem,
tied with a ribbon of a hyacinth color. The
crowns of kings were sometimes made with
the ends falling down on the back. Crowns
worn by some of the kings in Bible lands
were very costly.
King David took the crown of the king
of Rabbah "from off his head, and found it
to weigh a talent of gold, and there were
precious stones in it; and it was set upon
David's head." A talent of gold would be
worth in our money thirty-six thousand dol-


HE Apostle Paul describes a priest as
one who may "offer both gifts and
sacrifices," not to offer a gift as a sac-
rifice, for there is a distinction made in the
Bible between the two. An offering means
something given to God. Offerings were of
two kinds. Gifts, where no life was destroyed,
and Sacrifces, in which the life of the thing
offered was taken away. A sacrifice was the
offering up of a life upon God's altar, by the
hand of his minister. It may have been the
life of a bullock, a sheep, a lamb, or a bird.
All of these were offered as a sacrifice for sin.
In the beginning of the world, the head, or
the father of a family, was the priest in his own
house. Noah, Job, Abraham, and Isaac, were
all priests, and they offered sacrifices to God
for themselves and their families. Three
kinds, or three orders of priests are mentioned

A yewish Priest at the Altar.

in the Bible. The High Priest, the Priest,
and the Levites. Three kinds of sacrifices
are also mentioned. The burnt offering, the
sin offering, and the peace offering. The
burnt offering, sometimes called the whole
burnt offering, was the offering of an animal,
which was burnt whole. Those who presented
it meant that they were willing to give all to
God. A sin offering was a sacrifice for sin.
For the sin of a priest, a bullock was required.
For the sin of others, a lamb, but if the man
was too poor to buy a lamb, a pair of turtle
doves or two young pigeons were accepted.
Peace offerings were intended to express
thanks for mercies received, or as a request
for mercies needed. These sacrifices were
presented to God by a priest, on an altar.
We do not find that altars were used till af-
ter Noah had left the ark. Altars were made
of earth, stone, or wood. They were about
as high, or a little higher than a table, and in
shape something like a table. Three kinds
of altars were used in the Tabernacle and in
the Temple. The Altar of Burnt Offerings,
The Altar of Incense, and the Table of Shew-

A Yewish Priest at the Altar.

bread. The Altar of Burnt Offerings was the
largest and highest. This was covered with
plates of brass, and was also called the Brazen
Altar. The Altar of Incense, on which the
priests burnt incense every morning and even-
ing, and the Table of Shew-bread, on which
bread was offered every Sabbath day, were
both covered with gold. These three altars
were made of a very hard and durable wood
which grew on the mountains near the Red
Sea, and Mount Sinai. The priests served
at the altar, and slew the animals, or the
Levites did under their direction. All the of-
ferings upon the altars, with the sprinkling of
blood, was made by the priests or Levites.
They also had to instruct the people. "They
daily blessed the people in the name of the
Lord. In time of war, their duty was to
carry the Ark of the Covenant, to consult the
Lord, to sound the holy trumpets, and to en-
courage the army." The priests did not wear
shoes or sandals while in the service of the
Tabernacle, or their priestly garments when
they were not so engaged.


HE Bible does not tell us very much
about the childhood or youth of the
Saviour. It was not written to give
us much information about Jesus as a boy, but
to give us some account of the life, sufferings,
and death of Christ, as the Saviour of men.
After the record of the birth of Jesus, and
the flight into Egypt by night when a little
child, very little is said till we read of Jesus
going up to Jerusalem, when he was twelve
years of age. One verse in Luke informs us
that the Child grew, and waxed strong in
spirit, filled with wisdom; and the grace of
God was upon Him." His home was in Naza-
reth, a small city about seventy miles from
Jerusalem. This city was built on the side
of a hill, from which could be seen a rich
and beautiful valley. Here Jesus lived for
about thirty years with Mary his mother.
The present town is said to be one of the
most pleasant in Syria. The houses are all

fesus at Yerusalem- Twelve Years of Age.

built of stone, are two stories high, and have
flat roofs. From this town Jesus went up
to Jerusalem to keep the Feast of the Pass-
over when twelve years of age. The males
among the Jews were expected to attend
the three feasts which were held every year at
Jerusalem. The Feast of the Passover, the
Feast of Pentecost, and the Feast of Taber-
nacles. God had promised that no foreign
army should enter the country while the
males were from home to attend the feasts.
Females were not required to go, although
they often went. Boys could go up to the
feasts when they were twelve, or the Saviour
would not have gone. The Feast of the Pass-
over was kept at Easter, when the country
looked very beautiful. The journey was a
long one, but many of the neighbors were
going, and grapes, figs, and almonds were
placed at the doors of many houses in the
towns which they passed through. Every
one was expected to take some refreshment,
which was provided free, as well as lodgings
in the city while the feast lasted. All were
welcome who went up to the feast. It was

7esus at Yerusalem- Twelve Years of Age.

kept with gladness, for every year friends
would meet with friends from all parts of the
land. The feast lasted eight days, when all
the people would bid each other farewell and
return home. Mary, the mother of Jesus, and
Joseph, Mary's husband, saw the Saviour with
them and their neighbors at Jerusalem, and
thinking he was still in the large company,
went on their way to Nazareth. At the latter
part of the day they could not find him any-
where. All the neighbors were asked again
and again, but not one had seen anything of
Jesus since they left Jerusalem. With a sor-
rowful heart Mary and Joseph went back to
the city, looking up and down its streets, and
going into every house where their friends
lived. But still no tidings came about the
lost one. At last they went into the Temple,
and seeing in the court a group of persons
talking in one corner, they went nearer, when
they found Jesus quietly sitting amongst the
teachers of the law, who instructed the people
in religion. In answer to his mother's ques-
tion, why he had given them so much trouble,
Jesus said he was about his Father's business.


AUL, the first king of Israel, was not
like David, the second king, who is
sometimes called "the man after
God's own heart." Saul was jealous and
passionate. David was not jealous or bad
tempered. Saul began his reign in the fear
of God, and the people were pleased with
their king. But they soon found out that
they had done wrong in asking for a king,
so that "they should be like the other na-
tions of the earth." God kad been their King,
for he had taken them under his special pro-
tection in times of trouble and danger, and
"by a strong hand had brought them out of
Egypt," into the promised land. This they
seemed to have forgotten, when they asked
that they might have a king. Saul was not
only a passionate man, but he was revenge-
ful; he wanted to injure all who offended him
as much as possible. After the Philistines
had been beaten in a battle with Saul's troops,
he would not allow his tired soldiers to have
anything to eat, for he wanted them to keep

David Playing before Saul.

on in the pursuit after the Philistines. Saul's
son, Jonathan, was hungry, and took some
honey. The king ordered that he should be
killed for disobeying orders, but the people
would not allow it. Jonathan did not hear
the command from .his father that no food
should be taken that day, or he would not
have eaten anything. As Saul would not do
what God wanted him, the Bible says: The
spirit of the Lord departed from Saul, and
an evil spirit from the Lord troubled him."
The spirit of the Lord gave him wisdom to
govern the people, but when he thought he
could reign without God's help, God sent him
an evil spirit to trouble or terrify him, a spirit
of melancholy; he had what we call melan-
choly madness. He was gloomy, peevish,
and discontented with everybody. His ser-
vants found out how changed he was, and
asked him to let them find one who could
play well on the harp, thinking that the king
would listen to the music and be more con-
tented in mind. To this Saul consented, and
David was sent for. David was said to be
"cunning in playing, and a mighty valiant

David Playing before Saul.

man, and a man of war, and prudent in mat-
ters, and a comely person, and the Lord is
with him." Saul could not have had a musi-
cian with a better character than David had,
if he had sought all over the land of Israel.
"And David came to Saul and stood before
him; and it came to pass when the evil spirit
from God was upon Saul, that David took
a harp and played with his hand; so Saul
was refreshed, and was well, and the evil
spirit departed from him." After David had
killed Goliath the giant, and Saul was com-
ing home, a number of women who were so
pleased that the war was over, went to meet
the king with instruments of music. They
played and danced, and said: Saul hath
slain his thousands, and David his tens of
thousands." This speech of the women made
Saul more jealous of David than ever; for
the very next day, while David was playing
on his harp before the king, Saul cast a
javelin or short spear at David, trying to kill
him. This he could not do, because God
took care of him, for "the Lord was with
him, and was departed from Saul."


MRAM, a pious Hebrew, who lived
in Egypt when Pharaoh was king,
had three children, Miriam, Aaron,
and Moses. The king of Egypt was very
unkind to the children of Israel, and about a
year before Moses was born made a cruel
law which compelled his servants to kill all
the male infants born of Hebrew parents.
Moses, the youngest son of Amram, was hid
by his mother, Jochebed, for three months;
and when she could not keep him any longer,
God took care of him. These two brothers,
Moses and Aaron, were separated for a great
many years, and did not meet again till they
were getting to be quite old, Aaron about
eighty or eighty-one, and Moses three years
younger. We may think them old, but God did
not think them to be too old to work for him.
While Aaron was away, God had appeared to
Moses and told him that he was to be the
leader of the people of Israel in bringing
them out of Egypt. Moses was not a good
speaker; Aaron was, and he was chosen as the
chief spokesman whenever Moses and Aaron

. I I

The High Priest.

went to the king of Egypt with a message
from the Lord. After the people of Israel
had left Egypt, and were come to Mount
Sinai, God gave to Moses the ten command-
ments written on two tables of stone; also,
some directions about making the Taberna-
cle. This Tabernacle was for the service of
God, and was a large movable church, made
something like a tent, only larger and more
handsome. As in every church there must
be a minister, God told Moses to anoint, or
set apart, Aaron, his brother, that he might
" minister unto God in the priest's office," and
Aaron became the first High Priest. The
High Priest had sole charge of all the ser-
vices of the Tabernacle, he was also the chief
judge of the Jewish nation. Any matter
which the priests could not settle he would
decide. He was looked upon as the repre-
sentative of God upon earth. He could an-
swer questions about the future, for God told
him secret things, or what should come to
pass. He only could go into the most holy
place in the Tabernacle once a year. If his
father or mother died, or any of his family, he

The High Priest.

was not to mourn for them, or go into any
place where there was a dead body. The
robes of the High Priest were designed by
God himself, and were very costly and gor-
geous. Besides the white garment some-
times worn, he had robes called "the golden
garments." On his head was a golden mitre,
in shape like a turban, in front of which was
a golden plate, and on this plate was en-
graved Holiness to the Lord." The robe
of the ephod was blue, and a fringe at the
bottom was made of pomegranates and golden
bells. The ephod itself was made of blue
and purple, and scarlet and fine linen, inter-
woven with golden threads. The breast-
plate was fastened to the ephod by two gold
chains. In the breast-plate were set in gold
twelve precious stones, in four rows of three
in a row. On each stone was engraven the
name of one of the tribes of the children of
Israel. These names were supposed to re-
mind the High Priest that he was to think
of all the tribes when he appeared before the
Lord. Our great High Priest, Jesus Christ,
thinks of all his people.


FTER the death of Moses, Joshua, the
son of Nun, was the leader of the
children of Israel. He was not chosen
because he was a young man, for he was
now about eighty-four years old. Joshua had
proved himself to be a good soldier when he
led the Israelites against the Amalekites.
He had also been in the promised land, for
he was one of the twelve spies sent by Moses
to search the land. Ten of these men were
cowards, they were afraid of the inhabitants,
and they did not live to enter into the land.
Only two of the spies, Caleb and Joshua,
were allowed by God to enter therein. The
Israelites knew Joshua to be a good and a
valiant man, or they would not have said to
him, "All that thou commandest us we will

yoshua Commanding the Sun and Moon.

do, and whither thou sendest us we will go."
The long wandering in the wilderness was
now over. The people were about to take
possession of the land promised to Abraham,
and his seed after him. The wicked in-
habitants of the land were to be driven out.
Cities were to be taken and destroyed, and
it was necessary that the leader and com-
mander of a mighty host should be a man of
faith and courage.
The city of Jericho, called "The City of
Palm Trees," and about seven miles from the
Jordan, was the first place taken by the
Israelites, under the command of their new
The river Jordan divided for the army to
pass over, and the fighting men went over
as easily, if not more so, than their fathers
crossed the Red Sea. We must not suppose
that God forsook his people when Joshua led
them into the promised land.
At God's command the waters of the Jor-
dan divided, and the walls of Jericho fell
down after the city had been compassed; or
the army had gone round it once every day

yoskua Commanding the Sun and Moon.

for six days, and seven times on the seventh
God told Joshua what to do, and Joshua
did as he was told, without doubting God's
power to help him in every difficulty.
The king of Jerusalem with other kings
made war against the Gibeonites, and the
Gibeonites in their trouble asked Joshua to
help them. He marched to their relief with a
large number of men, and the next day de-
feated the armies of the kings. Joshua was
afraid that the day would be too short to
complete the victory, and cried aloud, "Sun,
stand thou still upon Gibeon, and thou, Moon,
in the valley of Ajalon." God heard him and
answered his prayer. The sun stood still.
Nothing is too hard for the Lord.


BOUT three months after the children
of Israel left Egypt, they came into
the wilderness of Sinai, and there
Israel camped before the mount." This great
company, of more than two millions of people,
pitched their tents at the foot of the mountain
where God at first appeared to Moses, and
where they were to remain nearly a year.
Great cliffs of granite, six hundred feet high,
and black with age, are first seen, and after
a long and dangerous journey between rocks
of granite, on each side of a narrow valley,
the two mountains, Mount Horeb and Mount
Sinai, may be reached.
From this mountain range God called to
Moses, and spoke to him of what he intend-
ed to do for the people if they would obey
him. The people answered, "All that the
Lord hath spoken we will do." As they
promised to obey God in all things, the Lord,

Moses and 7oshua

as their king, said he would give them laws
by which they should be governed; and they
were to prepare for them on the third day.
" And it came to pass on the third day in the
morning, that there were thunders and light-
nings, and a thick cloud upon the mount, and
the voice of the trumpet exceeding loud, so
that all the people that was in the camp
trembled." After a long and loud blast of
the trumpet, a voice was heard, saying, I
am the Lord thy God, which brought thee
out of the land of Egypt, out of the house of
The ten commandments were thus given
by God himself, but when "all the people
saw the thunderings, and the lightning, and
the noise of the trumpet, and the mountain
smoking," "they removed and stood afar
off," "and they said unto Moses, Speak thou
with us, and we will hear: but let not God
speak with us, lest we die." God granted
the people their request, and afterwards spoke
to them through Moses. When Moses went
up into the mountain with Aaron and his two
sons and seventy of the elders of Israel, God

Coming Down from Mount Sinai.

told him to bring up two tables of stone or
marble on which God himself would write the
words of the ten commandments.
Taking the tables of stone, "Moses rose
up, and his minister, Joshua: and Moses went
up into the mount of God." In some part of
this mountain Moses remained for forty days
and forty nights, while God gave him direc-
tions about the building of the tabernacle.
" And he gave unto Moses, when he had made
an end of communing with him, upon Mount
Sinai, two tables of testimony." "And the
tables were the work of God, and the writing
was the writing of God, graven upon the
tables." Taking these, Moses came down,
and was soon joined by Joshua, who, in some
other part of the mountain, had remained
while Moses was away. The people, all this
time wondering what had become of Moses,
seem to have given him up for lost, and had
asked Aaron to make them gods which should
go before them. The noise they made in
dancing around the god Aaron had made,
caused Joshua to say to Moses, "There is a
noise of war in the camp."


BOUT six hundred years before our
Saviour was born, the great and
powerful king of Babylon sent
Nebuchadnezzar, his son, with a large army,
into the land of Canaan. The city of Jeru-
salem was besieged and taken, the king of
Judah was put in chains, and the sacred
vessels used in the Temple of God were
taken to Babylon and placed in the house
of the idol god of the king. Many of the
princes of the royal family of David were
taken from Jerusalem and carried captives to
Babylon. Among those were Daniel and his
three companions, who appear to have been
chosen by Ashpenaz, an officer of the king's,
because they "had ability," and were skill-
ful in all wisdom."

Daniel before the King of Babylon.

How old they were when they left Jeru-
salem we are not told, but we know they
were old enough to worship God, and to
know what was right for a Jew to do in an
idolatrous land. Soon after their arrival they
had new names given them, and instead of
being called Daniel, Hananiah, Mishael, and
Azariah, they were now to be known as
Belteshazzar, Shadrach, Meshach, and Abed-
nego. They were educated at the king's
expense for three years, and provided with
food to eat and wine to drink from the king's
table. Some of the princes appear to have
taken the meat and wine provided by the
king. Daniel and his companions did not
wish to do, even in Babylon, anything which
was forbidden by the law of Moses.
The meat and wine presented them was
probably previously offered to an idol god.
Daniel asked that they might have other
food provided, but the officer, who was fond
of Daniel, was afraid they would not look so
wellwithout the king's food. Then they asked
Melzar, the officer appointed to wait upon
them, that they might have pulse to eat and

Daniel before the King of Babylon.

water to drink for ten days; and if they did
not look as well at the end of the ten days as
they did when they took what the king pro-
vided, then Melzar might make a change.
This he consented to do, and at the end of
ten days their countenances were fairer and
fatter in flesh than all the children which did
eat the portion of the king's meat." When
their education was finished, they were taken
before the king. And the king communed
with them." "And in all matters of wisdom
and understanding that the king inquired of
them, he found them ten times better than all
the magicians and astrologers that were in all
his realm."
Those who do what is right need not be
afraid that God will forget them at any time
or in any place.


HEN we read or hear about a desert,
we are apt to think of some dreary,
desolate spot, where there are no
trees or any living thing to be seen for miles,
and where we can wander for two or three
days, weary with our journey, and parched
with thirst. The deserts mentioned in the
Bible are not all dry and barren, for some
contain good pasturage. Dr. Aveling, of
London, while traveling in the Holy Land,
says, "We are now in the western portion of
the Desert of Shur, in which Hagar wandered
when she fled from the face of Sarai, and
where the angel of the Lord met her. Our
road was now beautifully variegated with
flowers, the rich scarlet poplar, wild gerani-
um, daisies, asters, and here and there some

Ishmael and Hagar in the Desert.

asphodels. We often lunched while reclining
on flowers, the colors of which were most
brilliant, but there was no fragrance." A few
days later, he says, While passing between
the long sand-hills bordering the road, we
felt the heat most intensely; and when we
set off in the morning and began to cross
some of the sand-hills, we were glad to make
veils out of our pocket handkerchiefs, so
fierce was the heat of the sun." The word
desert is sometimes used in the Bible for an
uncultivated place, or a wilderness, or a place
thinly populated. Not very far from a wil-
derness, or desert, lived Abraham, with Sarah
his wife, who had an Egyptian handmaid,
or slave, named Hagar. She was treated so
unkindly by Sarah, or Sarai, that she ran
away, and was found by an angel of the
Lord" near a fountain of water in the wil-
derness of Shur. The angel advised her to
return home, and all would be well in the
end. Not long afterward Hagar became the
mother of Abraham's eldest son, Ishmael.
After Isaac, Abraham's youngest son, was
born, Sarah, his mother, was very jealous of

Ishmael and Hagar in the Desert.

Ishmael, Hagar's son, and persuaded Abra-
ham to send them both away, when Ishmael
was about fourteen years old. Early in the
morning, before the sun was hot, Hagar and
Ishmael went on .their journey toward the
wilderness or desert of Beersheba. The
water which they had brought was all gone,
Ishmael was too sick to walk any farther, and
his mother thought he would die. But
" God heard the voice of the lad; his mother
saw a well of water, she gave some to her
son, who soon got better, and he lived to be
a great and mighty man, and the father of a
great people.


VERYTHING used in the construc-
tion of the tabernacle, which was
the movable church of the Israelites
while they were in the wilderness, was given
by the people. No one was taxed or ex-
pected to give more than they could afford.
"The Lord spake unto Moses, saying, Speak
unto the children of Israel, that they bring
me an offering: of every man that giveth it
willingly with his heart ye shall take my
offering." And let them make me a sanc-
tuary, that I may dwell among them ; accord-
ing to all that I shew thee, after the pattern
of the tabernacle." The people did not ob-
ject, for we read, And they came, both men
and women, as many as were willing-hearted,
and brought bracelets, and ear-rings, and
rings." Silver, brass, wood, spice, oil, and

The Tabernacle-Offering of the Princes.

precious stones were contributed, besides
linen and other things required.
Some of the materials used were very
costly, and although the total value of them
all amounted to more than a million dollars,
yet the people gave so liberally, that those
who had charge of the work came to Moses,
saying: The people bring much more than
enough for the service of the work, which
the Lord commanded to make." Moses sent
word throughout all the camp, and the peo-
ple were restrained from bringing." As the
Israelites had to move from one place to an-
other, the tabernacle l{ad to be made strong
and light, also in such a manner, that it
could be easily taken to pieces and put to-
gether again. The boards and pillars were
heavy, too heavy for the priests to carry, and
as wagons were needed they were given by
the princes, who were the heads of the tribes.
Six covered wagons and twelve oxen were
received by Moses, who took the wagons
and the oxen and gave them unto the
Two wagons and four oxen he gave unto

The Tabernacle-Offering of the Princes.

the sons of Gershon. Four wagons and eight
oxen he gave unto the sons of Merari. But
unto the sons of Kohath he gave none: be-
cause the service of the sanctuary belonging
unto them was that they should bear upon their
shoulders." The tabernacle was covered with
four curtains. The first or inner curtain was
of linen richly embroidered; the second was
a kind of mohair; over this was a curtain of
rams' skins dyed red; the last, to protect the
whole from the weather, was made of the
skins of animals found in that part of the
When the tabernacle was removed, the
sacred utensils, such as the ark, the candle-
stick, the two altars, the table of shew-bread,
and the laver, were carried by poles upon the
shoulders of the Kohathites, but the boards,
poles, and coverings were removed in the
wagons drawn by two oxen to each wagon.
The draperies were under the charge of the
Gershonites, who had only two wagons, while
the boards, pillars, etc., were removed by
the Merarites, who had four wagons and eight


GREAT deal has been written by
some very learned men about the
mother of the Saviour, and her home
at Nazareth, which is not to be found in the
Not very much is known about her which
is not recorded in the Scriptures. We are
not sure that there is anywhere in the world
a correct likeness of the mother of our Lord
as she appeared when our Saviour was born.
Old artists who lived hundreds of years
ago, copied, as well as they could, some
likeness of hers found on a coin, or on a block
of stone.
This was often so much defaced that the
picture had to be finished from the imagi-
nation of the artist. Every child can under-
stand how much easier it is to get a portrait

The Mother of Jesus and her Child.

of any one now living than of some one who
lived two thousand years ago. After all it is
more important to do well than to look well.
How we look matters but little, but how
we act is of consequence to ourselves and to
Five Marys are mentioned in the Bible be-
sides Mary the mother of Jesus. She was
the daughter of Eli, or Joachim, a descendant
of the royal family of David. While in her
quiet home at Nazareth, she was' one day
much surprised and perhaps somewhat fright-
ened by the appearance of an angel. "The
angel Gabriel was sent from God unto a city
of Galilee named Nazareth, to a virgin es-
poused to a man whose name was Joseph, of
the house of David; and the virgin's name
was Mary." This is the Bible account of the
angel's visit to the home of Mary; the verses
which follow give us an account of what the
angel said to Mary and her reply. Angels
were often sent from heaven with God's mes-
sages to earth. When Daniel was praying,
the angel Gabriel was commanded to fly
swiftly, and touched him before his prayer

The Mother of Yesus and her Child.

was ended. An angel appeared to the shep-
herds at Bethlehem and told them where
they might find the infant Jesus and his
King Herod sent an order to kill all the
little children in Bethlehem, intending, if pos-
sible, to kill the infant Jesus, who he thought
was there. But God sent an angel to Joseph,
who said, "Arise, and take the young child
and his mother, and flee into Egypt, and be
thou there until I bring thee word, for Herod
will seek the young child to destroy him."
Angels are God's messengers who carry
"good tidings of great joy to some, while
to others they have carried messages of

I' A-.


i EFORE Moses died on Mount
SNebo, Joshua was chosen by God
to take the command of the people
of Israel, and lead them into the promised
land. Moses was raised up to deliver them
from Egypt, and to be their ruler and law-
giver while they were in the desert. His
work was now done, and he was soon to die.
Although he was one hundred and twenty
years old, his eyes were not dim." God
told him, on his birth-day, to go up to the top
of Mount Nebo, to look at the promised land,
and then lay down and die. What a strange
death and burial. No relations or friends
went with him; Moses was not sick, he had
no pain. God was with him, and "showed
him all the land." Then Moses died, and
God buried him. For thirty days the people
mourned for their great leader, and then pre-
pared to take possession of the land which
God had promised them. Moses was not a
soldier, but Joshua was. Cities were to be

P '

Rakab Hiding the Spies.

taken, and a soldier was wanted who could
conduct a siege or command an army. One
of the first acts of Joshua was to send.two
spies to Jericho, across the Jordan, and
which was to be the first city taken. They
were to go secretly, and look at the town,
find out all they could about its weak points,
and go back and tell Joshua. "And they
went and came into the house of Rahab, and
lodged there." The king of Jericho soon
heard of their arrival at this house, which
was on the town wall, and sent some of his
servants to demand that they should be given
up. Rahab, the keeper of the inn expected
this, and had hid the spies on the roof of the
house, under some bundles of flax, laid there
to dry. The houses had flat roofs, and it was
an easy matter to conceal the men. Rahab
said the men were gone away from the house,
that she did not see which way they went,
but it was getting dark at the time, and if
they went after them quickly, they would be
overtaken. The servants of the king went
after the spies for seven or eight miles, as far
as the River Jordan, but of course did not

Rahab Hiding the Spies.

see them. After the men were gone, Rahab
went up to the roof of the house at d told the
spies. She also said, that she knew the
Lord had given the land to the children of
Israel, for all the people were afraid of them,
when they heard how the Lord made a way
for them across the Red Sea. Now, said
Rahab, I have been kind to you, your people
must be kind to me, and when ye come to
take the city, swear unto me that ye will pre-
serve my life, and the lives of all in the
house. This the spies promised should be
done, if she did not say anything about their
business. She then let them down by a rope
.from one of the back windows in the house;
"'after telling them to hide in the mountain
three days, till the king's servants were re-
turned home again. The spies got safely
back to the camp, and told Joshua that Rahab
had hid them, and the promise they had
made. This promise was kept, for when the
city was taken, Joshua sent these two spies
to the house of Rahab; and brought out all
that belonged to her; but all the other in-
habitants of the city were slain.


HEN people are in great trouble
they do not care to dress as they
usually do, or as they would like to
do at any other time. The Jews, as a people,
would often show their sorrow in a manner
which was well understood. When they
heard any bad news they often tore their gar-
ments, and in times of great sorrow they wore
sackcloth, and put dust or ashes upon their
head. While King David's infant child was
dying, David fasted, and went in and lay all
night upon the earth." After the wicked Ha-
man had got the king's permission to kill all
the Jews in Shushan and the provinces, Mor-
decai rent his clothes, and put on .sackcloth,
with ashes, and went out into the midst of the
city, and cried with a loud and bitter cry."

Spreading the Letter before the Lord.

During the reign of Hezekiah, king of
Judah, the great king of Assyria sent a large
army against Jerusalem to take it. The com-
mander of the Assyrian army told the people
of Jerusalem that Hezekiah could not deliver
them out of the hands of the king of As-
syria. Three of the principal men among
the Jews told Hezekiah what had been said.
"And it came to pass, when King Hezekiah
heard it, that he rent his clothes, and covered
himself with sackcloth, and went into the
house of the Lord." Servants of the king,
clothed in sackcloth, were sent to tell Isaiah,
the prophet, who said, Thus shall ye say to
your master, Thus saith the Lord, Be not
afraid of the words which thou hast heard, with
which the servants of the king of Assyria
have blasphemed me. Behold, I will send a
blast upon him," "and I will cause him to
fall by the sword in his own land."
For a time the army was withdrawn from
Jerusalem, but soon afterward the proud As-
syrian king sent a letter to King Hezekiah,
telling him not to trust in God, for God could
not deliver him. "And Hezekiah received

Spreading the Letter before the Lord.

the letter of the hand of the messengers, and
read it: and Hezekiah went up into the
house of the Lord, and spread it before the
Lord." "And Hezekiah prayed before the
Lord." The king does not look as if he was
the king of Jerusalem, but he is in trouble:
he is clothed in sackcloth, like those who are
with him, who, with bowed heads, are asking
God to hear the king's prayer, and save the
city from being destroyed.
That prayer was soon heard and soon
answered. And it came to pass that night,
that the angel of the Lord went out, and
smote in the camp of the Assyrians an
hundred fourscore and five thousand; and
when they arose early in the morning, be-
hold, they were all dead corpses." So Sen-
nacherib, king of Assyria, departed" "with
shame of face to his own land," and as he
was worshipping in the house of Nisroch
his god," his sons smote him with the


HE most beautiful temple ever erected
for the worship of God, was built by
King Solomon, in Jerusalem, nearly
three thousand years ago. It was not very
large, but it was lofty, grand, and costly,
while all the workmanship was executed in
a very superior manner. King David, the
father of Solomon, made great preparations
for it during his reign. He collected and
secured all the gold and silver used in its
construction, which amounted in weight to no
less than forty-six thousand tons. Building
this magnificent temple gave employment to
one hundred and eighty-four thousand men
for seven years and six months. Yet this
Temple, erected at such cost, only lasted in all
its grandeur and glory thirty-four years. To
punish the people for their idolatry, Shishak,
king of Egypt, was allowed to carry away

Dedication of the Temple.

the royal and sacred treasures from the house
of God at Jerusalem.
At the dedication or consecration of the
Temple, King Solomon offered a sacrifice to
God of "twenty-two thousand oxen, and an
hundred and twenty thousand sheep." The
word "temple" is not always used for that
part which was under cover, but is often used
to describe the outer courts, which were not
covered over, but which were connected with
the Temple. In one of these courts, called
"The Court of the Priests," was the brazen
altar on which the sacrifices were consumed.
This court was about four feet higher than
"The Court of Israel," which surrounded it.
In the picture we do not see the Temple
itself, but the altar, and the king, who is ask-
ing God to accept the sacrifice and bless the
After Solomon's Temple had been in ruins
about fifty years, another temple was built
and dedicated to the worship of God ; rather
more than five hundred years before Christ
was born.
The third Temple was built by Herod the

Dedication of the Temple.

Great, very much larger than either of the
two mentioned. One thousand priests di-
rected the works; one thousand wagons and
one thousand workmen were also employed.
It was built of white marble, skillfully
S carved, and with immense stones, some of
which were sixty-seven feet long, more than
seven feet high, and nine feet broad.
This was the Temple in which our Saviour
spent so much of his time, and in which his
disciples once said to him, Master, see what
manner of stones, and what buildings are


ANY of Paul's friends tried to persuade
him from going to Jerusalem, when
he made his fifth visit to that city,
as they knew some harm would befall him.
Paul thought it was right for him to go, al-
though he knew full well that many of the
Jews there would rather have taken his life
than that he should speak about Christ in the
Temple, or to the people in the 'streets. He
reached the city in safety, the Christians were
all glad to see him, and soon he met the
elders of the church in the house of the apos-
tle James; when he gave them an account of
his labors and travels. Paul could not be in
Jerusalem long without being known, for he
was no stranger to the place, or the people.
Many of the Jews who had crucified the

The Apostle Paul at Melita, or Malta.

Saviour were still there as old men; and Paul
knew from his own past history how much the
Jews hated the Christians. His enemies were
not long before they saw him in the Temple,
stirred up all the people, and laid their hands
on him."
A false charge was brought against Paul,
of bringing Greeks into the Temple to pollute
it. All the city -was moved, and the people
ran together; and they took Paul, and drew
him out of the Temple." They no doubt in-
tended to kill him, had not the chief captain
come to his rescue.
Afterward we read that forty men "bound
themselves under a curse, saying that they
would neither eat nor drink till they had
killed Paul." Under one pretense and another,
Paul was kept in prison for more than two
years; and though examined, or tried, before
Felix, Festus, and Agrippa, his judges declared
that this man doeth nothing worthy of death
or of bonds." Paul was not to end his days
at Jerusalem, but was sent as a prisoner to
Rome. At that time of the year sailing was
dangerous; the ship in which Paul was, was

The Apostle Paul at Melita, or Malta.

not only heavily laden with corn, but had two
hundred and seventy-six persons on board.
After a terrible storm the ship was wrecked
on the island of Melita, now called Malta.
No lives were lost, but the ship went to
pieces. The foreign people of Malta treated
Paul and his companions very kindly; the
weather was cold and there was much rain;
but they made a fire, and took care of them.
While Paul was putting more sticks or fuel on
the fire, a viper or serpent came out of the fire,
and fastened on his hand, but was shaken off
by Paul into the fire. The people were so
surprised to find that Paul (who they thought
was a murderer) did not die; that "they
changed their minds, and said that he was a


FTER the death of Joshua, the peo-
ple of Israel were governed by
judges for more than three hundred
years. Then they wanted a king. Samuel
the prophet was an old man, and his sons
were not what they should have been, or this
request for a king would not have been made.
Saul was the first king, David the second,
and Solomon, the wise king, was the third
king of Israel. Each of these three reigned
forty years. Solomon was quite a young
man, hardly twenty years of age, when he
became king. He had been well educated
by the prophet Nathan, and began his reign
well, for the Bible says: Solomon loved the
Lord." Soon after he was king, he went to
Gibeah (with many of his people), where the
Tabernacle and the altar was, and offered
sacrifices. This was a sacrifice of a thou-
sand whole burnt offerings. A thousand
sheep or lambs were slain and burnt whole as
an offering to God. This large offering was
so pleasing to God, that he appeared to
the king in a dream, and said: "Ask what I

Solomon, the Wise King.

shall give thee." Solomon might have asked
for many things, but he did not. And I think
that if the question had been put to many
young men, and many young kings, they
would not all have answered as Solomon did:
" Give thy servant an understanding heart to
judge thy people." And the speech pleased
the Lord, that Solomon had asked this
thing." God gave him not only what he asked
for, but two things which he had not asked
for, riches and honor, and also promised him
long life if he kept God's commandments.
Sometimes men make a promise which they
cannot keep, others make a promise which
they do not intend to keep, but when God
makes a promise it is always kept. We find
in reading the life of Solomon, that his wis-
dom excelled (or was greater) the wisdom
of all the children of the East country, and
all the children of Egypt, for he was wiser
than all men." "And there came people to
hear the wisdom of Solomon, from all kings
of the earth which had heard of his wisdom."
" He spake three thousand proverbs, and his
songs were a thousand and five." "And he

Solomon, the Wise King.

spake of trees, of beasts, of fowl, of creeping
things, and of fishes." God promised him
riches. "All the kings of Arabia, and gov-
ernors of the country brought gold and sil-
ver to Solomon." The Queen of Sheba gave
him one hundred and twenty talents of gold.
The king made an ivory throne, and over-
laid it with pure gold. All the drinking ves-
sels of King Solomon were made of gold,
none were of silver. "And the king made
(or gave) silver in Jerusalem as stones." It
was not anything accounted of in the days
of Solomon." He had four thousand stalls
for horses and chariots, and, including some
soldiers, more than fifty thousand men were
fed by King Solomon every day. His an-
nual income is said to have been more than
twenty-five millions of dollars. God gave
him honor, for he was respected, and there
was peace during his reign. "So King Solo-
mon exceeded all the kings of the earth for
riches and wisdom." Solomon asked God for
wisdom, and God was so pleased at being
asked that he gave him more than he ex-
pected to receive.


NE fine Sabbath day, after Jesus came
from the synagogue, he left the house
and sat down by the Sea of Tiberius.
So many people came round him, that he got
into a small ship, and after he had sat down
began to teach those who were on the shore.
This plan of teaching from the ship must have
been liked by the people. Jesus could see
them all, and they could all see and hear him.
The sea was smooth, the air was pure, the
country all round was beautiful, and no better
place could have been found for a number of
people to listen to such a teacher. Jesus be-
gan to speak to them by parables. We often
read of the Saviour speaking in this way.
All nations of the East were and are still fond
of this kind of teaching. The word parable
comes from another word which means to
compare things together." The Saviour in
his parables would tell his disciples or the
multitude a short story, to interest them, and
in the story there was some lesson which he
wanted to teach. Children, when they are

Jesus and the Fishermen.

playing with each other, often suppose they
are somebody else. Christ, when speaking
in parables, supposed something had hap-
pened, when it may not have taken place,
for a parable was not expected to be true,
although it often was. Jesus said the king-
dom of heaven was like a net cast into the
sea, and fish of all kinds were caught in it.
Now this to some may seem impossible, but
the Saviour was speaking to his disciples who
were Jews, who also were fishermen. Chil-
dren may wonder how the kingdom of heaven
is like a net. Jesus was speaking to Jews,
many of them were fishermen. The Jews
thought that when the Saviour came he would
be a king on the earth, that he would have
a kingdom here. This Jesus knew, and often
spoke to them about it, telling them that his
kingdom was not to be an earthly one, but
a heavenly one. The kingdom of heaven
was the reign of Christ, not as a king, but in
the hearts of his people. Christ came from
heaven to offer the Gospel to all. Some the
Saviour knew would receive the Gospel, some
would not. The net cast into the sea was

Jesus and the Fishermen.

opened for all the fish to enter, but all would
not come. This was a parable spoken to
those who understood what the Saviour
meant, as most of the disciples were fisher-
men. Jesus told Andrew, and Simon his
brother, that if they would follow him, he
would make them fishers of men, or, as if he
had said, By throwing the Gospel net you
can catch men. Men will be saved by accept-
ing the Gospel, and lost if they will not receive
it. The Bible tells us that these two, and
others, did follow the Saviour, and by their
preaching the Gospel many were saved.
Jesus spoke as none others had done before;
he was plain, all could understand him. He
knew what men were thinking about while
they listened to him. He could read the
thoughts of their hearts, and we are not sur-
prised to read of Him that "he spake like
one having authority, and not as the scribes."
For three years he was seen by thousands of
people, sometimes performing a miracle, at
other times feeding the hungry, but always
engaged in doing good to the destitute, the
sick, and the hungry.


HE manners and customs of those
who live in Eastern countries are
so different to those we are accus-
tomed to that we are apt to form a wrong
opinion respecting many things they do and
say. Our friends would be insulted if, on
arriving at the house, a servant was sent to
wash their feet, but in the East, and in our
Saviour's time, this was expected by all,
whether visitors or strangers. While Abra-
ham was sitting at his tent door, three stran-
gers came near the tent. Abraham rose up
to meet them, and said, Let a little water, I
pray you, be fetched, and wash your feet, and
rest yourselves under the tree, and I will
fetch a morsel of bread, and comfort ye your
hearts; after that ye shall pass on." Laban
saw Eliezer, the servant of Abraham, near
his house, and asked him in. "And the man
came into the house, and he ungirded his
camels, and gave straw and provender for the
camels, and water to wash his feet, and the
men's feet that were with him." The same
custom prevailed in Egypt in Joseph's time,
for his servant "brought the men into Joseph's

Washing the Disciples' Feet.

house and gave them water, and they washed
their feet." At that time sandals were worn
instead of shoes. These sandals are like the
sole of a shoe, fastened to the bottom of the
foot by a thong round the great toe, and one
from the heel, which met at the ankle and
were tied round the leg. After a time, in
some places, these sandals were covered and
called shoes. Walking in hot countries, and
along dusty roads, would of course make the
feet very dirty, and the tired traveler would
be thankful to find, not only a resting place,
but some water for his feet. Sandals were
used in our Saviour's time. When Peter was
in prison the "angel said unto him, 'Gird
thyself, and bind on thy sandals.' And so he
did." When God spoke to Moses at the
"Burning Bush," Moses was told to put his
shoes or sandals, from off his feet, for the
place on which he stood was holy ground.
It is not customary now to enter a house or
a temple in the East with sandals, slippers,
or shoes on; these must be left at the door, or
in charge of a servant. On the top of Mount
Gerizin, in Palestine, the Samaritans who

Washing the Disciples' Feet.

were witlf Dr. Robinson, took off their shoes
when they were near an old ruined temple.
The priests, when offering sacrifices in the
Tabernacle, always had naked feet. From
what has been said, it is easy to understand
that the practice of washing the feet in the
East was a common one. The Saviour wanted
to teach a lesson about pride. He wanted
his disciples to be more humble, and not to
think so much about who should be the great-
est. The disciples knew very well that only
servants washed the feet, so Jesus said to
them (after he had done what was usually
performed by a servant), "If I then, your
Lord and master, have washed your feet, ye
ought also to wash one another's feet, for I
have given you an example, that ye should
do as I have done to you. No doubt they
were all very much surprised, when they saw
the Saviour willing to do the lowest kind of
work. Peter did not want the Master to
wash his feet, for he said, "Thou shalt never
wash my feet," but when Jesus spoke to him,
he was willing that his feet, hands, and head
should be washed by the Saviour.


HE Pool of Siloam is a fountain un-
der the eastern wall of Jerusalem,
between the city and the brook Ki-
dron, and is some little distance from the Pool
of Bethesda, where Christ cured the impotent
man. In the book of Nehemiah the Pool of
Siloam is called the Pool of Siloah by the
king's garden." In Isaiah, the Waters of
Shiloah that go softly." The waters in the
Pool of Siloam were quiet, but the waters in
the Pool of Bethesda were moved at certain
seasons by an angel. The pool of Siloam, in
the time of David, supplied some part of the
city with water, as also the king's garden,
which was close by. There are no rivers in
or near Jerusalem, and the supply of water
was not good till King Solomon brought it
into the city. Dr. Aveling, while visiting
the places of interest about Jerusalem, says:
"About this spot, and up to the Pool of Si-
loam, the ground was well cultivated, being
supplied by the water from thence. We de-
scended the steps of the pool from which the

The Pool of Siloam.

water finds its way, under the road, into the
valley of the Kidron. There cannot be any
doubt that this is the place and the scene of
the memorable miracle of our Lord upon the
man who was born blind. As in the pro-
phet's days, the 'waters go softly,' for while I
was standing in the cavern, into which they
flow, they came in so quietly that I could
scarcely hear the sound. I sat down here
and tried to picture the whole scene of the
Saviour's miracle, when the blind man, aided
by some friendly hand, descended the steps
sand 'washed and came seeing.' I, too, stooped
down and drank the cool water, and bathed
my eyes, with a prayer that all dear to me
might be able to see the Saviour by faith."
This ancient pool is built or lined with stone,
and is about fifty feet long by eighteen feet
wide, and as many deep. Steps lead to the
bottom of the pool, three or four feet above
which the water flows off to water the culti-
vated grounds in the valley below." Dr. Rob-
inson says: The water is tolerably sweet and
clear, but in a dry season a little brackish."
These pools, in hot countries, are very much

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